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Vocational education and training

Research in vocational education and training (VET) is about skills and learning in school and in workplaces. In Norway, the standard model for vocational education and training is a combination of school based education and apprenticeship training. Vocational education at the upper secondary level is a shared responsibility for the state and the social partners. This model provides opportunities, but also challenges. One challenge is to connect school based learning with learning in the workplace. Another challenge is to balance demand and supply of apprenticeships. In our research we raise questions about learning conditions in schools and in the workplace. We explore the factors affecting educational choices among young people. We study motives for recruiting apprentices in private and public companies. And we investigate the effects of different educational choices for the individual as well as for working life.

VET has been an important area of ​​research at Fafo since the early 1990s. Three themes have dominated our research:

* School to work transitions
* Educational choices among youth
* The recruitment of apprentices and skilled workers

Fafo's research in working life and labour market issues provides a natural starting point for our research in VET. The research within this area is mainly contract research,often funded by educational authorities or by the social partners. Fafo participated in the research based evaluations of the reform of upper secondary education in the 1990s and the so-called Knowledge promotion Reform from 2006.

Publications

  • Jørgensen, C. H. & Tønder, A. H. (2018). Transitions from vocational education to employment in the Nordic countries. I C. H. Jørgensen, O. J. Olsen & D. P. Thunqvist (eds.), Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: Learning from Diversity. New York: Routledge.

  • Kirkebøen, L. J.,  Eielsen, G., Rønning, M., Strømsvåg, S., Andresen, S., Reegård, K., Rogstad, R., Berge, J. E. & Lindenskov, L. (2018). Matematikkdidaktisk etterutdanning av lærere og målrettet strukturert matematikkundervisning ved overgang til 8. trinn og VG1. Foreløpig beskrivelse av utforming og gjennomføring av tiltak. Notater 2018/15. Statistisk sentralbyrå.

  • Virolainen, M. & Tønder, A. H. (2018). Progression to higher education from VET in the Nordic countries: Mixed policies and pathways. I C. H. Jørgensen, O. J. Olsen & D. P. Thunqvist (eds.), Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: Learning from Diversity. New York: Routledge.

  • Bratsberg, B., Nyen, T. & Raaum, O. (2017). Fagbrev i voksen alder. Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 01-02(34).

  • Reegård, K. (2017). Contrasting prospects: the institutionalisation of VET for retail and office work in Norway. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, pp 1-18.

  • Tønder, A. H. & Aspøy, T. M. (2017). When Work Comes First: Young Adults in Vocational Education and Training in Norway. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, 4(3), 270-288. 

  • Reegård, K. (2015). Sales assistants in the making: Learning through responsibility. Vocations and Learning, 8(2), 117-133

  • Reegård, K. (2016). Diversity of occupational orientations in Sales vocational education and training. Journal of Education and Work, 29(6), 688-706.

  • Nyen, T. & Tønder, A. H. (2015). Cooperation and Reform in Vocational Education and Training. I F. Engelstad & A. Hagelund (red.), Cooperation and Conflict the Nordic Way (s. 201-218). Berlin: De Gruyter Open.

  • Nyen, T., Skålholt, A. & Tønder, A. H. (2015). Vocational Education and School to Work Transitions in Norway. I S. Bohlinger, U. Haake, C. Helms-Jørgensen, H. Toiviainen & A. Wallo (red.), Working and learning in times of uncertainty: Challenges to Adult, Professional and Vocational Education. Dordrecth: Sense Publishers.

  • Nyen, T. & Tønder, A. H. (2014). Yrkesfagene under press. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Olsen, O. J., Høst, H., Tønder, A. H. (2014). Key challenges for Norwegian VET: The state of play. Research report by Nord-VET – The future of Vocational Education in the Nordic countries. Roskilde: Roskilde University.

  • Bredde og fordypning i norsk fag- og yrkesopplæring. Spenninger i / mellom utdanning, arbeidsliv og perspektiver på læring. Norsk pedagogisk tidsskrift 97 (2) 141-154. 2013

  • Nyen, T. & Tønder, A. H. (2013). Prosjekt til fordypning - et taktskifte i fagopplæringen. I B. Karseth, J. Møller & P. Aasen (red.), Reformtakter. Om fornyelse og stabilitet i grunnopplæringen (s. 83-98). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

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