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Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa

 Extensive fieldwork is a core component of our research in the Sahel and in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our researchers combine qualitative and quantitative methods to produce high quality research of direct policy relevance to both Norwegian and international stakeholders. 

 

Fafo's current research in Africa focuses on:

  • mobility and displacement
  • war and peacekeeping economies
  • local and global developments in education
  • health and child labour
  • social movements and inequality
  • politics of faith and secularism in the Sahel

Fafo receives funding for our Africa projects from a range of institutions, including the Norwegian Research Council, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the World Bank, the US Institute of Peace, and the Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD).

Publications

  • Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. En global utfordring. Dagens Næringsliv, 24.2.2017. 

  • Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. The crisis around Lake Chad. Africa is a Country, 23.2.2017.

  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2017. Det som skjer i Afrika nå har stor symbolverdi. Op. ed. Dagbladet 27.1.2017

  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Yahya Jammeh's tribalism. Africa is a Country, 26.12.2016. 

  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Valget i Gambia: Da Afrikas minste land overrasket en hel verden. Afrika.no (Fellesrådet) 9.12.2016. 

    Afrika.no (Fellesrådet for Afrika) 9.12.2016. 
  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. "Chapter 3. From cutting to fading: A relational perspective on marriage exchange and sociality in rural Gambia". Cutting and Connecting: 'Afrenesian' Perspectives on Networks, Relationality and Exchange, pp. 58-75, Knut C Myhre (ed.). Oxford: Berghahn. 

  • Sommerfelt, Tone, Anne Hatløy and Kristin Jesnes. 2015. "Wahhabiyya paranoia in Bamako and the new intolerance of the tolerant". The Broker, op. ed. published July 10th 2015.
  • Shiferaw, B., Kebede, T. A., Kassie, M. & Fisher, M. (2015). Market imperfections, access to information and technology adoption in Uganda: challenges of overcoming multiple constraints. Agricultural Economics, 46(4), 475-488.

  • Sommerfelt, Tone & Kristin Jesnes. 2015. State control of religious activity in southern Mali following the 2012 crisisNorwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Oslo: NOREF. 
  • Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:47 DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0175-x.

  • Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

  • Jennings, K.M. (2015) “United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)”, in Joachim A. Koops, Norrie MacQueen, Thierry Tardy and Paul D. Williams (eds) Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 454-461.
  • Jennings, K.M. (2015) “United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)” , in Joachim A. Koops, Norrie MacQueen, Thierry Tardy and Paul D. Williams (eds) Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 694-706.
  • Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "Child migration in Africa/Iman Hashim & Dorthe Thorsen (2011)". Book review. Forum for Development Studies 40(3): 519-521

  • Kielland, A. (2013), The Exploitation Equation: Distinguishing child trafficking from other types of child mobility in West Africa, in Human Trafficking: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Mary C. Burke. Routledge.

  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "From cutting to fading: A relational perspective on marriage exchange and sociality in rural Gambia." Social Analysis 57(3): 58-75

  • Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2012) "Rebellion and warlordism: the spectre of neopatrimonialism", in Daniel Bach and Mamoudou Gazibo (eds) Neopatrimonialism in Africa and Beyond, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 124-131.
  • Sommerfelt, Tone. 2010. "Forbindelser gjennom bryst: Om melk, sosial tilknytning og passende ekteskapspartnere blant wolof-talende folk i Vest-Afrika." Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift 21(1): 32-45.

  • Bjørkhaug, I., K.M. Jennings and M. Bøås (2010) Mapping and assessment of national, bilateral and multilateral actors' support to work against sexual based violence in the Great Lakes region in Africa, NORAD Report 12/2010, Oslo: Norad.
  • Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

  • Kielland, A. (2009), ”Barnearbeidsmigrasjoner i ulike landskap: En sammenstilling av barns arbeidsvandringer i Vest-Agder (1830-1910) og Vest Afrika (1980-2009)” Barn, No 3-4, 2009, pp 29-52, Trondheim

  • Kielland, A and I. Bjørkhaug (2009), Child mobility in West Africa: strategy, poverty or crime?, Forum for Development Studies, No 2-2009, Oslo

  • Jennings, K.M. and V. Nikolic-Ristanovic (2009) UN peacekeeping economies and local sex industries: connections and implications, MicroCon Working Paper 17.

  • Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

  • Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A (2009). Utilisation of Respondent Driven Sampling among a population of child workers in the diamond mining sector of Sierra Leone. Global Public Health, 4(1):96-109. 

  • Jennings, K.M. (2008) "Securitizing the Economy of Reintegration in Liberia", in Michael Pugh, Neil Cooper and Mandy Turner (eds), Whose Peace? Critical Perspectives on the Political Economy of Peacebuilding, Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp.157-170.
  • Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S (2008): Verification of Certification  Activities in West African Cocoa Sector Final Verification Report: Côte d’Ivoire. Oslo/Johannesburg: Fafo/Khulisa
  • Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S (2008): Verification of Certification Activities in West African Cocoa Sector Final Verification Report: Ghana. Oslo/Johannesburg: Fafo/Khulisa
  • Shiferaw, B. A., Kebede, T. A. & You, L. (2008). Technology adoption under seed access constraints and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics, 39(3), 309–323.

  • Bøås M and Hatløy A (2008). Child labour in West Africa: Different children – Different work – Different vulnerabilities. International Migration,46 (3) 3-25

  • Bøås M, Hatløy A and Bjørkhaug I (2008) Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone, African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 7(1): 41-52.

  • Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2008) "War in the Great Lakes Region and Ugandan Conflict Zones: Micro-regionalisms and Meta-narratives", in Fredrik Söderbaum and Ian Taylor (eds) Afro-Regions: The Dynamics of Cross-border Micro-regionalisms in Africa, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
  • Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

  • Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH (2007). Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,  62: 866-871.

  • Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt. 2007. "Studying children in armed conflict: Data production, social indicators and analysis." Social Indicators Research 84(3): 251-269.

  • Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

  • Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

  • Bjørkhaug I, Bøås M, Hatløy A and Jennings KM (2007) Returning to Uncertainty? Addressing Vulnerabilities in Northern Uganda, Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister
  • Nkamleu, G.B. and A. Kielland (2006), “Modeling farmers' decisions on child labor and schooling in the cocoa - sector: a multinomial logit analysis in Cote d'Ivoire.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 35 (2006) 319-333

  • Kielland, A. and M. Tovo (2006), Children at Work: Child Labor Practices in Africa. Lynne Rienner Publishers

  • Bøås M and Hatløy A (2006). Poor, terrorised and internally displaced: the humanitarian situation in Northern Uganda. Humanitarian Exchange, 36: 21-22.

  • Atallah A, Bøås M, El Dada H, Hatløy A and Zhang H (2005) Northern Uganda IDP Profiling. Volume 2: Tabulation report. Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister. (CD)
  • Bøås M and Hatløy A (2005) Northern Uganda IDP Profiling. Volume 1: Northern Uganda IDP Study. Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister.
  • Mossige A, Hatløy A, Luyinduladio N, Makengo AM, Mboso SK, Mpiana B and  Nyonka N (2004). Etude Pilote de Risques et de la Vulnérabilité en République Démocratique du Congo. Ministère des Affaires Sociales and Banque Mondiale.
  • Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A (2004). Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 (4):594-604
  • Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A (2003). Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:1283-1291

  • Kielland, A. and I. Sanogo (2002), Burkina Faso: Child labor migration from rural areas, magnitude and determinants. World Bank/Terre des Hommes

  • Gironde, C., P. Sletten, J. Pedersen & T. Sommerfelt. 2002. L’Utilisation des Enfants dans les Conflits armés en Afrique Centrale: Manuel pour l’Évaluation Rapide. Geneva: IPEC, ILO/BIT

  • Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A (2001). Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali. Public Health Nutrition, 4(6):1267-1277

  • Kielland, A. and R. Ouensavi (2001), Child labor migration in Bénin, magnitude and determinants. The World Bank/CEO

  • Tørres, L. & Eldring, L. (2000). Textile, clothing and leather sectors in Mauritius: Success and Failures. Fafo.

  • Fløtten, T. (2000). Dilemmas to be faced in delivery of infrastructure. Chapter 3 in L. Tørres (ed.), Infrastructure delivery in South Africa. Fafo/CASE-report.

  • Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali). Public Health Nutrition, 3(1):57-65

  • Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A (1998). Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa. European Journal for Clinical Nutrition, 52:891-898

  • Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A (1996). Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 47:455-468
  • Oshaug A, Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A (1994). Problems and pitfalls in the use of estimated age in anthropometric measurements of children from 6 to 60 months of age: A case from Mali. Journal of Nutrition, 124: 636-644

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