This article investigates how trade unions influence the process of technological change at the workplace level. The authors show how labor unions contribute to raising the relative wage of occupational groups with high and low probabilities of being replaced by automation. This wage compressing effect is in turn shown to accelerates technological change. However, unions also influence technological change directly, conditional on relative wages.
This report offer an overview on school dropout and high absences in Norway, primarily regarding pupils in primary and lower secondary school. The focus is on the rules and measures that have been put in place to increase attendance and ensure that pupils attend and complete their schooling. The publication serves as background information for the joint Norwegian-Romanian project “Inclusive Education for Children and Young People at Risk” (NOROC).
A few days after Nigeria’s presidential elections, with a disputed winner declared, Camilla Houeland offered some initial conclusions and prospects.
The 6th most populated country in the world is preparing its president election. An outsider candidate, Peter Obi, is the surprise favorite in this week’s Nigerian presidential election. Obi has attracted support from labor and youth activists, but his neoliberal economic agenda won’t address the dire social conditions afflicting Nigeria, Camilla Houleland and Sa’eed Husaini write in this article.
Norway allocated a total of NOK 60 billion to the EEA and Norway Grants from 2004 to 2021. The grants seek to reduce economic and social disparities in the EEA and to strengthen bilateral relations between donor and recipient countries. In addition to good results in the beneficiary countries – such as support for civil society and as a counter-move against authoritarian forces – the grants show positive effects for Norway, according to the review. The report was commissioned by Norway’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
This book focuses on the emotional hazards of conducting fieldwork about or within contexts of violence. It provides a forum for field-based researchers to tell their stories. The volume engages with the methodological and ethical issues involved and features a range of expressive writings that reveal personal consequences and dilemmas.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has one of the highest prevalence of stunting (malnutrition expressed as low height for age) globally. This article finds that the local conditions for vegetation, which is an important food source, has an important protective effect against stunting in children under five years of age.
This article provides new perspectives on the relationship between state and citizen and the role of trade unions in African petro-states. Nigerian trade unions have been crucial in recurring protests against the dismantling of petrol subsidies, and Camilla Houeland suggests that the protests are arenas for the exercise of and demands for deeper citizenship related to civil, economic and political rights. In this, the trade unions act as a mediator between the state and citizens, and thereby confirm their relevance.