In 2015, the Government presented a strategy for children living in poverty. A new strategy will be presented in 2020. Fafo has been commissioned to do a state of the art report for this strategy. In this report, we will summarize the current knowledge of Norwegian children living in low-income families, as well as what we know about measures that both alleviate the consequences of poverty during childhood and counteract long-term negative consequences for the individual and society. The report will describe the knowledge situation for children and adolescents in the age group 0-20 years.