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Global health

Fafo’s health-related research focuses on social dimensions of ill-health including inequity, vulnerability, coping strategies and adaptation. Our aim is to promote high quality research and evaluations to improve health and achieve equity in health. We have a particular focus on marginalized populations which includes populations in conflict and fragile settings.

As key drivers of socioeconomic development, strategies for promoting, protecting and supporting optimal health have gained increasing global attention in the past decade. Health is an integral part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the UN, and achieving equity in health requires both a state responsibility and global collective action. Socio-economic inequalities translate into inequalities in access to food, health services, and other public services. This leads to socioeconomic differences in various health outcomes, such as disease, undernutrition and premature death. In fragile situations, health may deteriorate both because of direct casualties from conflict or disaster and indirectly due to breakdown of service provision.

Fafo’s areas of public health research expertise include: mortality estimations; women and child health, and nutrition especially food insecurity and infant feeding practices. Health modules are integral parts of Fafo’s living conditions surveys as well as research related to conflict, disaster and environmental adaptation. A key aspect of our work in these areas is to develop indicators and measurement methods for correctly assessing changes in health and nutrition.


  • Chao, F., You, D., Pedersen, J., Hug, L. & Alkema, L. (2018). National and regional under-5 mortality rate by economic status for low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic assessment. The Lancet Global Health, 6(5), e535–47

  • Acharya, P.,  Kismul, H., Mapatano, M. A. & Hatløy, A. (2018). Individual-and community-level determinants of child immunization in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A multilevel analysis. PLoS ONE, 13(8).

  • Hatløy, A., Sommerfelt, T. & Torheim, L. E. (2017). Ernæring - et sulteforet utviklingsfelt. Redd Barna.

  • Morseth, M. S., Grewal, N. K., Kaasa, I. S., Hatløy, A., Barikmo, I. & Henjum, S. (2017). Dietary diversity is related to socioeconomic status among adult Saharawi refugees living in Algeria. BMC Public Health, 17:621.

  • Bumbangi NF, Muma JB, Choongo K, Mukanga M, Velu MR , Veldman F, Hatløy A , Mapatano MA (2016). Occurrence and factors associated with aflatoxin contamination of raw peanuts from Lusaka district's markets, Zambia. Food Control, 68:291-296.

  • Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:47 DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0175-x.

  • Bøås M, Hatløy A and Bjørkhaug I (2008) Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone, African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 7(1): 41-52.

  • Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH (2007). Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,  62: 866-871.

  • Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A (2004). Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 (4):594-604
  • Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A (2003). Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:1283-1291

  • Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A (2001). Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali. Public Health Nutrition, 4(6):1267-1277

  • Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali). Public Health Nutrition, 3(1):57-65

  • Sampaio FS, von der Fehr FR, Arneberg P, Gigante DP and Hatløy A (1999) A Risk factors for dental fluorosis in 6-11 year-old children living in rural areas of Paraiba – Brazil. Caries Research, 33:66-73
  • Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A (1998). Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa. European Journal for Clinical Nutrition, 52:891-898

  • Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A (1996). Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 47:455-468
  • Oshaug A, Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A (1994). Problems and pitfalls in the use of estimated age in anthropometric measurements of children from 6 to 60 months of age: A case from Mali. Journal of Nutrition, 124: 636-644



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