In the early 2000s, poverty was rediscovered as a social political issue in Norway. Since 2001, several action plans against poverty has been launched and all governments have had poverty alleviation as a goal in their governmental platforms. Several state subsidies to prevent poverty have been established and many poverty reduction initiatives have been developed in the municipalities.
Fafo’s research on poverty discusses the scope and development of poverty, how poverty risk is distributed in the population, what the consequences of poverty may be, as well as possible causes of poverty. The discussion of the mechanisms leading to and maintaining poverty and social exclusion is central, and Fafo’s research examines the extent to which various transmission schemes or other measures contribute to protection against poverty.
In several publications various measures of poverty have been discussed. Poverty in families and among immigrant families has been a recurring theme in Fafo research and many of the projects see poverty from a comparative perspective.