Employment
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Forms of employment

Contact

Permanent employment is the main rule for employment in the Norwegian working life. But there are alternative affiliations. Fafo has studied exceptions from this main rule in a number of projects. These projects concern fixed term jobs, temporary agency work and zero-hours contracts.


Fafo monitors the development related to forms of employment contracts and how these change over time. What is the extent of the use of fixed term contracts? What characterizes the growth in the temporary work agency sector and how does this growth relate to major changes in the Norwegian working life in recent years? Why do employers use alternatives to permanent employment and what are the consequences for the employees in question? We are also looking at how legislation and regulation though collective agreements may affect the various types of contracts and affiliations.

Øistad, B. S., Svalund, J., Dølvik , J. E. & Jesnes, K. (2019). Liberalisering av reglene for midlertidige ansettelser: Hvorfor har virkningene uteblitt? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 03 / 2019 (Volum 36)

Beate Sletvold Øistad, Jørgen Svalund, Jon Erik Dølvik og Kristin Jesnes

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Jensen, R. S. (2019). Introduction. Chapter 1 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Ragnhild Steen Jensen

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Trygstad, S. (2019). Dualist employer responses to national regulations – the case of the Norwegian health care industry, Chapter 4 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Sissel Trygstad

Kavli, H. C. & Nilsen, R. A. (2019). Stepping in or stepping out? Immigrant women at work in Norway. Chapter 12 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Roy Nilsen

Kavli, H. C. & Nicolaisen, H. (2019). The dualization of part-time work. Conclusions and further perspectives. Chapter 13 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Heidi Nicolaisen

Svalund, J., Peixoto, A., Dølvik, J. & Jesnes, K. (2018). Hiring of Flexible and Fixed-term Workers in Five Norwegian and Swedish Industries. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(3).

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto, Jon Erik Dølvik & Kristin Jesnes

Hyman, R., Dølvik, J. E., Marginson, P. et al., eds. (2018). European Journal of Industrial Relations, 24(3).

Jon Erik Dølvik & Paul Marginson

Alsos, K., & Evans, C. (2018). Temporary work agencies: Triangular disorganization or multilevel regulation? European Journal of Industrial Relations. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959680118790819

Kristin Alsos & Claire Evans

Svalund, J. & Nielsen, R. A. (2017). Midlertidig ansettelse i Norge – en vei inn i stabilt arbeid? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 01-02(34).

Jørgen Svalund & Roy A. Nielsen

Svalund, S. & Berglund, T. (2017). Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: A pathway to labour market marginalization? European Journal of Industrial Relations, 1 –17.

Jørgen Svalund & Tomas Berglund

Friberg, Jon Horgen (2016), The rise and implications of temporary staffing as a "migration industry" in Norway. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 6(2) 2016

Jon Horgen Friberg
Vulkan, P., A. Saloniemi, et al. (2015). "Job Insecurity and Mental Well-Being in Finland, Norway, and Sweden." Nordic Journal of working life studies 5(2): 33-53.
Vulkan, Patrik Saloniemi, Antti Svalund, Jørgen Väisänen, Anna

Svalund, J. (2013). "Holdninger til arbeidslivsregulering: Hva betyr jobbtrygghet og arbeidsmarkedsposisjon? [Attitudes towards labour market regulation: The significance of job security and labour market position]." Søkelys på arbeidslivet 30(4): 295-312.

Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. (2013). Labour market institutions, mobility and dualization in the Nordic countries. Nordic Journal of working life studies, 3(1), 123-144.

Svalund, J.

Svalund, J., Casinowsky, G. B. et al. (2013). Stress testing the Nordic models: Manufacturing labour adjustments during crisis. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 19(3), 183-200.

Svalund, J., G. B. Casinowsky, Dølvik, J. E. Håkansson, K,Jarvensivu, A., Kervinen, H., Møberg, R. J., Piirainen, T.

Svalund, J. & Kervinen, H. (2013). Trade union power during labour adjustments – comparison of company-level cases. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 19(4), 489-505.

Svalund, J. and H. Kervinen

Svalund, J. (2013). Adjusting labour through crisis: A three industry comparison. Economic and Industrial Democracy: first published online October 9, 2013

Svalund, J.

Ødegård, A. M., Berge, Ø. & Alsos, K. (2012). A case study of temporary work agencies in the Norwegian construction sector – a growing informal market beyond regulation? Transfer, 18(4).

Anne Mette Ødegård, Øyvind Berge og Kristin Alsos

Other publications

Øistad, B. S., Svalund, J., Dølvik , J. E. & Jesnes, K. (2019). Liberalisering av reglene for midlertidige ansettelser: Hvorfor har virkningene uteblitt? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 03 / 2019 (Volum 36)

Beate Sletvold Øistad, Jørgen Svalund, Jon Erik Dølvik og Kristin Jesnes

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Jensen, R. S. (2019). Introduction. Chapter 1 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Ragnhild Steen Jensen

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Trygstad, S. (2019). Dualist employer responses to national regulations – the case of the Norwegian health care industry, Chapter 4 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Sissel Trygstad

Kavli, H. C. & Nilsen, R. A. (2019). Stepping in or stepping out? Immigrant women at work in Norway. Chapter 12 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Roy Nilsen

Kavli, H. C. & Nicolaisen, H. (2019). The dualization of part-time work. Conclusions and further perspectives. Chapter 13 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Heidi Nicolaisen

Dølvik, J. E. & Steen, J. R. (2018). The Nordic future of work. Drivers, institutions, and politics. TemaNord 2018:555. Nordic Council of Ministers

Jon Erik Dølvik and Johan Røed Steen

Svalund, J., Peixoto, A., Dølvik, J. & Jesnes, K. (2018). Hiring of Flexible and Fixed-term Workers in Five Norwegian and Swedish Industries. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(3).

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto, Jon Erik Dølvik & Kristin Jesnes

Alsos, K., & Evans, C. (2018). Temporary work agencies: Triangular disorganization or multilevel regulation? European Journal of Industrial Relations. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959680118790819

Kristin Alsos & Claire Evans

Berglund, T., Nielsen, R., Reichenberg, O. & Svalund, J. (2017). Temporary contracts, employment trajectories and dualisation: a comparison of Norway and Sweden. Paper, Industrial Relations Conference Europe (IREC) 2017, Warsawa.

Tomas Berglund, Roy Nielsen, Olof Reichenberg, Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. & Nielsen, R. A. (2017). Midlertidig ansettelse i Norge – en vei inn i stabilt arbeid? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 01-02(34).

Jørgen Svalund & Roy A. Nielsen

Svalund, S. & Berglund, T. (2017). Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: A pathway to labour market marginalization? European Journal of Industrial Relations, 1 –17.

Jørgen Svalund & Tomas Berglund

Svalund, J. & Nielsen, R. A. (2017). Midlertidig ansettelse i Norge – en vei inn i stabilt arbeid? Tja, det kommer an på. Foredrag på Fafo-båten, Arendalsuka 17. august, i en debatt med ungdomspolitikere.

Jørgen Svalund og Roy A. Nielsen

Kavli, H. C. (2016). Tar utdanning – kommer i jobb. Kommunal rapport, 3. november.  (The litmus-test on integration – about immigrant descendants)

Hanne C. Kavli

Nielsen, R. A. & Svalund, J. (2016). Fixed-term employment in Norway: Long-term consequences for annual wages. Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Roy A. Nielsen og Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. & Berglund, T. (2016). Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: pathway to labour market marginalisation? Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Jørgen Svalund og Tomas Berglund

Svalund, J., Peixoto, A. & Jesnes, K. (2016). Employers’ use of fixed-term contracts across industries in Norway and Sweden. Does regulation matter? Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto og Kristin Jesnes

Friberg, Jon Horgen (2016), The rise and implications of temporary staffing as a "migration industry" in Norway. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 6(2) 2016

Jon Horgen Friberg
Vulkan, P., A. Saloniemi, et al. (2015). "Job Insecurity and Mental Well-Being in Finland, Norway, and Sweden." Nordic Journal of working life studies 5(2): 33-53.
Vulkan, Patrik Saloniemi, Antti Svalund, Jørgen Väisänen, Anna

Svalund, J. (2013). "Holdninger til arbeidslivsregulering: Hva betyr jobbtrygghet og arbeidsmarkedsposisjon? [Attitudes towards labour market regulation: The significance of job security and labour market position]." Søkelys på arbeidslivet 30(4): 295-312.

Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. (2013). Labour market institutions, mobility and dualization in the Nordic countries. Nordic Journal of working life studies, 3(1), 123-144.

Svalund, J.

Svalund, J., Casinowsky, G. B. et al. (2013). Stress testing the Nordic models: Manufacturing labour adjustments during crisis. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 19(3), 183-200.

Svalund, J., G. B. Casinowsky, Dølvik, J. E. Håkansson, K,Jarvensivu, A., Kervinen, H., Møberg, R. J., Piirainen, T.

Svalund, J. & Kervinen, H. (2013). Trade union power during labour adjustments – comparison of company-level cases. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 19(4), 489-505.

Svalund, J. and H. Kervinen

Svalund, J. (2013). Adjusting labour through crisis: A three industry comparison. Economic and Industrial Democracy: first published online October 9, 2013

Svalund, J.

Ødegård, A. M., Berge, Ø. & Alsos, K. (2012). A case study of temporary work agencies in the Norwegian construction sector – a growing informal market beyond regulation? Transfer, 18(4).

Anne Mette Ødegård, Øyvind Berge og Kristin Alsos

Eldring, L. (2011), Posted workers in Norway: Win-win or lose-lose? CLR-News 1/2011, p. 10-15, European Institute for Construction Labour Research.

Line Eldring

Engelstad, F., Storvik, A. E., Svalund, J. & Hagen, I. M. (2003). Makt og demokrati i arbeidslivet. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk (Makt- og demokratiutredningen).

Engelstad, F., J. Svalund, I. M. Hagen og A. E. Storvik

Øistad, B. S., Svalund, J., Dølvik , J. E. & Jesnes, K. (2019). Liberalisering av reglene for midlertidige ansettelser: Hvorfor har virkningene uteblitt? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 03 / 2019 (Volum 36)

Beate Sletvold Øistad, Jørgen Svalund, Jon Erik Dølvik og Kristin Jesnes

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Jensen, R. S. (2019). Introduction. Chapter 1 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Ragnhild Steen Jensen

Kavli, H. C., Nicolaisen, H. & Trygstad, S. (2019). Dualist employer responses to national regulations – the case of the Norwegian health care industry, Chapter 4 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Sissel Trygstad

Kavli, H. C. & Nilsen, R. A. (2019). Stepping in or stepping out? Immigrant women at work in Norway. Chapter 12 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Roy Nilsen

Kavli, H. C. & Nicolaisen, H. (2019). The dualization of part-time work. Conclusions and further perspectives. Chapter 13 in Dualization of part-time work – a story of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.

Hanne C. Kavli & Heidi Nicolaisen

Svalund, J., Peixoto, A., Dølvik, J. & Jesnes, K. (2018). Hiring of Flexible and Fixed-term Workers in Five Norwegian and Swedish Industries. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(3).

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto, Jon Erik Dølvik & Kristin Jesnes

Hyman, R., Dølvik, J. E., Marginson, P. et al., eds. (2018). European Journal of Industrial Relations, 24(3).

Jon Erik Dølvik & Paul Marginson

Alsos, K., & Evans, C. (2018). Temporary work agencies: Triangular disorganization or multilevel regulation? European Journal of Industrial Relations. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959680118790819

Kristin Alsos & Claire Evans

Svalund, J. & Nielsen, R. A. (2017). Midlertidig ansettelse i Norge – en vei inn i stabilt arbeid? Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 01-02(34).

Jørgen Svalund & Roy A. Nielsen

Svalund, S. & Berglund, T. (2017). Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: A pathway to labour market marginalization? European Journal of Industrial Relations, 1 –17.

Jørgen Svalund & Tomas Berglund

Friberg, Jon Horgen (2016), The rise and implications of temporary staffing as a "migration industry" in Norway. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 6(2) 2016

Jon Horgen Friberg
Vulkan, P., A. Saloniemi, et al. (2015). "Job Insecurity and Mental Well-Being in Finland, Norway, and Sweden." Nordic Journal of working life studies 5(2): 33-53.
Vulkan, Patrik Saloniemi, Antti Svalund, Jørgen Väisänen, Anna

Svalund, J. (2013). "Holdninger til arbeidslivsregulering: Hva betyr jobbtrygghet og arbeidsmarkedsposisjon? [Attitudes towards labour market regulation: The significance of job security and labour market position]." Søkelys på arbeidslivet 30(4): 295-312.

Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. (2013). Labour market institutions, mobility and dualization in the Nordic countries. Nordic Journal of working life studies, 3(1), 123-144.

Svalund, J.

Svalund, J., Casinowsky, G. B. et al. (2013). Stress testing the Nordic models: Manufacturing labour adjustments during crisis. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 19(3), 183-200.

Svalund, J., G. B. Casinowsky, Dølvik, J. E. Håkansson, K,Jarvensivu, A., Kervinen, H., Møberg, R. J., Piirainen, T.

Svalund, J. & Kervinen, H. (2013). Trade union power during labour adjustments – comparison of company-level cases. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 19(4), 489-505.

Svalund, J. and H. Kervinen

Svalund, J. (2013). Adjusting labour through crisis: A three industry comparison. Economic and Industrial Democracy: first published online October 9, 2013

Svalund, J.

Ødegård, A. M., Berge, Ø. & Alsos, K. (2012). A case study of temporary work agencies in the Norwegian construction sector – a growing informal market beyond regulation? Transfer, 18(4).

Anne Mette Ødegård, Øyvind Berge og Kristin Alsos

Dølvik, J. E. & Steen, J. R. (2018). The Nordic future of work. Drivers, institutions, and politics. TemaNord 2018:555. Nordic Council of Ministers

Jon Erik Dølvik and Johan Røed Steen

Berglund, T., Nielsen, R., Reichenberg, O. & Svalund, J. (2017). Temporary contracts, employment trajectories and dualisation: a comparison of Norway and Sweden. Paper, Industrial Relations Conference Europe (IREC) 2017, Warsawa.

Tomas Berglund, Roy Nielsen, Olof Reichenberg, Jørgen Svalund

Nielsen, R. A. & Svalund, J. (2016). Fixed-term employment in Norway: Long-term consequences for annual wages. Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Roy A. Nielsen og Jørgen Svalund

Svalund, J. & Berglund, T. (2016). Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: pathway to labour market marginalisation? Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Jørgen Svalund og Tomas Berglund

Svalund, J., Peixoto, A. & Jesnes, K. (2016). Employers’ use of fixed-term contracts across industries in Norway and Sweden. Does regulation matter? Paper, Nordic working life conference 2016, Tampere.

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto og Kristin Jesnes

Svalund, J. & Nielsen, R. A. (2017). Midlertidig ansettelse i Norge – en vei inn i stabilt arbeid? Tja, det kommer an på. Foredrag på Fafo-båten, Arendalsuka 17. august, i en debatt med ungdomspolitikere.

Jørgen Svalund og Roy A. Nielsen

Kavli, H. C. (2016). Tar utdanning – kommer i jobb. Kommunal rapport, 3. november.  (The litmus-test on integration – about immigrant descendants)

Hanne C. Kavli

Eldring, L. (2011), Posted workers in Norway: Win-win or lose-lose? CLR-News 1/2011, p. 10-15, European Institute for Construction Labour Research.

Line Eldring

Engelstad, F., Storvik, A. E., Svalund, J. & Hagen, I. M. (2003). Makt og demokrati i arbeidslivet. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk (Makt- og demokratiutredningen).

Engelstad, F., J. Svalund, I. M. Hagen og A. E. Storvik