Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa
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Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa

Contact

 Extensive fieldwork is a core component of our research in the Sahel and in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our researchers combine qualitative and quantitative methods to produce high quality research of direct policy relevance to both Norwegian and international stakeholders. 

 

Fafo's current research in Africa focuses on:

  • mobility and displacement
  • war and peacekeeping economies
  • local and global developments in education
  • health and child labour
  • social movements and inequality
  • politics of faith and secularism in the Sahel

Fafo receives funding for our Africa projects from a range of institutions, including the Norwegian Research Council, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the World Bank, the US Institute of Peace, and the Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD).

Shiferaw, B., Kebede, T. A., Kassie, M. & Fisher, M. (2015). Market imperfections, access to information and technology adoption in Uganda: challenges of overcoming multiple constraints. Agricultural Economics, 46(4), 475-488.

Bekele Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede, Menale Kassie and Monica Fisher

Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:47 DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0175-x.

Kismul H, Hatløy, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015).

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "Child migration in Africa/Iman Hashim & Dorthe Thorsen (2011)". Book review. Forum for Development Studies 40(3): 519-521

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "From cutting to fading: A relational perspective on marriage exchange and sociality in rural Gambia." Social Analysis 57(3): 58-75

Tone Sommerfelt

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2010. "Forbindelser gjennom bryst: Om melk, sosial tilknytning og passende ekteskapspartnere blant wolof-talende folk i Vest-Afrika." Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift 21(1): 32-45.

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Kielland, A. (2009), ”Barnearbeidsmigrasjoner i ulike landskap: En sammenstilling av barns arbeidsvandringer i Vest-Agder (1830-1910) og Vest Afrika (1980-2009)” Barn, No 3-4, 2009, pp 29-52, Trondheim

Anne Kielland

Kielland, A and I. Bjørkhaug (2009), Child mobility in West Africa: strategy, poverty or crime?, Forum for Development Studies, No 2-2009, Oslo

Anne Kielland

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A (2009). Utilisation of Respondent Driven Sampling among a population of child workers in the diamond mining sector of Sierra Leone. Global Public Health, 4(1):96-109. 

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A

Shiferaw, B. A., Kebede, T. A. & You, L. (2008). Technology adoption under seed access constraints and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics, 39(3), 309–323.

Bekele A. Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Liang You

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2008). Child labour in West Africa: Different children – Different work – Different vulnerabilities. International Migration,46 (3) 3-25

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås M, Hatløy A and Bjørkhaug I (2008) Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone, African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 7(1): 41-52.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH (2007). Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,  62: 866-871.

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt. 2007. "Studying children in armed conflict: Data production, social indicators and analysis." Social Indicators Research 84(3): 251-269.

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Nkamleu, G.B. and A. Kielland (2006), “Modeling farmers' decisions on child labor and schooling in the cocoa - sector: a multinomial logit analysis in Cote d'Ivoire.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 35 (2006) 319-333

Guy Blaise Nkamleu and Anne Kielland

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2006). Poor, terrorised and internally displaced: the humanitarian situation in Northern Uganda. Humanitarian Exchange, 36: 21-22.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A (2004). Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 (4):594-604

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A (2003). Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:1283-1291

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A (2001). Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali. Public Health Nutrition, 4(6):1267-1277

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali). Public Health Nutrition, 3(1):57-65

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A (1998). Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa. European Journal for Clinical Nutrition, 52:891-898

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A (1996). Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 47:455-468

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A
Oshaug A, Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A (1994). Problems and pitfalls in the use of estimated age in anthropometric measurements of children from 6 to 60 months of age: A case from Mali. Journal of Nutrition, 124: 636-644
Oshaug A,Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A

Other publications

Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. En global utfordring. Dagens Næringsliv, 24.2.2017. 

Victor Adetula

Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. The crisis around Lake Chad. Africa is a Country, 23.2.2017.

Victor Adetula

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Yahya Jammeh's tribalism. Africa is a Country, 26.12.2016. 

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Valget i Gambia: Da Afrikas minste land overrasket en hel verden. Afrika.no (Fellesrådet) 9.12.2016. 

Afrika.no (Fellesrådet for Afrika) 9.12.2016. 
Sommerfelt, Tone, Anne Hatløy and Kristin Jesnes. 2015. "Wahhabiyya paranoia in Bamako and the new intolerance of the tolerant". The Broker, op. ed. published July 10th 2015.

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. "Chapter 3. From cutting to fading: A relational perspective on marriage exchange and sociality in rural Gambia". Cutting and Connecting: 'Afrenesian' Perspectives on Networks, Relationality and Exchange, pp. 58-75, Knut C Myhre (ed.). Oxford: Berghahn. 

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)”, in Joachim A. Koops, Norrie MacQueen, Thierry Tardy and Paul D. Williams (eds) Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 454-461.
Kathleen M. Jennings
Jennings, K.M. (2015) “United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)” , in Joachim A. Koops, Norrie MacQueen, Thierry Tardy and Paul D. Williams (eds) Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 694-706.
Kathleen M. Jennings

Kielland, A. (2013), The Exploitation Equation: Distinguishing child trafficking from other types of child mobility in West Africa, in Human Trafficking: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Mary C. Burke. Routledge.

Anne Kielland
Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2012) "Rebellion and warlordism: the spectre of neopatrimonialism", in Daniel Bach and Mamoudou Gazibo (eds) Neopatrimonialism in Africa and Beyond, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 124-131.
Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings
Jennings, K.M. (2008) "Securitizing the Economy of Reintegration in Liberia", in Michael Pugh, Neil Cooper and Mandy Turner (eds), Whose Peace? Critical Perspectives on the Political Economy of Peacebuilding, Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp.157-170.
Kathleen M. Jennings
Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2008) "War in the Great Lakes Region and Ugandan Conflict Zones: Micro-regionalisms and Meta-narratives", in Fredrik Söderbaum and Ian Taylor (eds) Afro-Regions: The Dynamics of Cross-border Micro-regionalisms in Africa, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Shiferaw, B., Kebede, T. A., Kassie, M. & Fisher, M. (2015). Market imperfections, access to information and technology adoption in Uganda: challenges of overcoming multiple constraints. Agricultural Economics, 46(4), 475-488.

Bekele Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede, Menale Kassie and Monica Fisher
Sommerfelt, Tone & Kristin Jesnes. 2015. State control of religious activity in southern Mali following the 2012 crisisNorwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Oslo: NOREF. 

Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:47 DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0175-x.

Kismul H, Hatløy, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015).

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Kielland, A. (2013), The Exploitation Equation: Distinguishing child trafficking from other types of child mobility in West Africa, in Human Trafficking: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Mary C. Burke. Routledge.

Anne Kielland

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Kielland, A. (2009), ”Barnearbeidsmigrasjoner i ulike landskap: En sammenstilling av barns arbeidsvandringer i Vest-Agder (1830-1910) og Vest Afrika (1980-2009)” Barn, No 3-4, 2009, pp 29-52, Trondheim

Anne Kielland

Kielland, A and I. Bjørkhaug (2009), Child mobility in West Africa: strategy, poverty or crime?, Forum for Development Studies, No 2-2009, Oslo

Anne Kielland

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A (2009). Utilisation of Respondent Driven Sampling among a population of child workers in the diamond mining sector of Sierra Leone. Global Public Health, 4(1):96-109. 

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A

Shiferaw, B. A., Kebede, T. A. & You, L. (2008). Technology adoption under seed access constraints and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics, 39(3), 309–323.

Bekele A. Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Liang You

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2008). Child labour in West Africa: Different children – Different work – Different vulnerabilities. International Migration,46 (3) 3-25

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås M, Hatløy A and Bjørkhaug I (2008) Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone, African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 7(1): 41-52.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH (2007). Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,  62: 866-871.

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt. 2007. "Studying children in armed conflict: Data production, social indicators and analysis." Social Indicators Research 84(3): 251-269.

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Nkamleu, G.B. and A. Kielland (2006), “Modeling farmers' decisions on child labor and schooling in the cocoa - sector: a multinomial logit analysis in Cote d'Ivoire.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 35 (2006) 319-333

Guy Blaise Nkamleu and Anne Kielland

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2006). Poor, terrorised and internally displaced: the humanitarian situation in Northern Uganda. Humanitarian Exchange, 36: 21-22.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A (2003). Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:1283-1291

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A (2001). Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali. Public Health Nutrition, 4(6):1267-1277

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A

Tørres, L. & Eldring, L. (2000). Textile, clothing and leather sectors in Mauritius: Success and Failures. Fafo.

Liv Tørres og Line Eldring

Fløtten, T. (2000). Dilemmas to be faced in delivery of infrastructure. Chapter 3 in L. Tørres (ed.), Infrastructure delivery in South Africa. Fafo/CASE-report.

Tone Fløtten

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali). Public Health Nutrition, 3(1):57-65

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A (1998). Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa. European Journal for Clinical Nutrition, 52:891-898

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A
Oshaug A, Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A (1994). Problems and pitfalls in the use of estimated age in anthropometric measurements of children from 6 to 60 months of age: A case from Mali. Journal of Nutrition, 124: 636-644
Oshaug A,Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A

Shiferaw, B., Kebede, T. A., Kassie, M. & Fisher, M. (2015). Market imperfections, access to information and technology adoption in Uganda: challenges of overcoming multiple constraints. Agricultural Economics, 46(4), 475-488.

Bekele Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede, Menale Kassie and Monica Fisher

Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:47 DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0175-x.

Kismul H, Hatløy, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015).

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "Child migration in Africa/Iman Hashim & Dorthe Thorsen (2011)". Book review. Forum for Development Studies 40(3): 519-521

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2013. "From cutting to fading: A relational perspective on marriage exchange and sociality in rural Gambia." Social Analysis 57(3): 58-75

Tone Sommerfelt

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2010. "Forbindelser gjennom bryst: Om melk, sosial tilknytning og passende ekteskapspartnere blant wolof-talende folk i Vest-Afrika." Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift 21(1): 32-45.

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Kielland, A. (2009), ”Barnearbeidsmigrasjoner i ulike landskap: En sammenstilling av barns arbeidsvandringer i Vest-Agder (1830-1910) og Vest Afrika (1980-2009)” Barn, No 3-4, 2009, pp 29-52, Trondheim

Anne Kielland

Kielland, A and I. Bjørkhaug (2009), Child mobility in West Africa: strategy, poverty or crime?, Forum for Development Studies, No 2-2009, Oslo

Anne Kielland

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A (2009). Utilisation of Respondent Driven Sampling among a population of child workers in the diamond mining sector of Sierra Leone. Global Public Health, 4(1):96-109. 

Bjørkhaug I and Anne Hatløy A

Shiferaw, B. A., Kebede, T. A. & You, L. (2008). Technology adoption under seed access constraints and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics, 39(3), 309–323.

Bekele A. Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Liang You

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2008). Child labour in West Africa: Different children – Different work – Different vulnerabilities. International Migration,46 (3) 3-25

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås M, Hatløy A and Bjørkhaug I (2008) Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone, African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 7(1): 41-52.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH (2007). Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,  62: 866-871.

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt. 2007. "Studying children in armed conflict: Data production, social indicators and analysis." Social Indicators Research 84(3): 251-269.

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Nkamleu, G.B. and A. Kielland (2006), “Modeling farmers' decisions on child labor and schooling in the cocoa - sector: a multinomial logit analysis in Cote d'Ivoire.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 35 (2006) 319-333

Guy Blaise Nkamleu and Anne Kielland

Bøås M and Hatløy A (2006). Poor, terrorised and internally displaced: the humanitarian situation in Northern Uganda. Humanitarian Exchange, 36: 21-22.

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A (2004). Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 (4):594-604

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A (2003). Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:1283-1291

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A (2001). Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali. Public Health Nutrition, 4(6):1267-1277

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A (2000). Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali). Public Health Nutrition, 3(1):57-65

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A (1998). Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa. European Journal for Clinical Nutrition, 52:891-898

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A (1996). Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 47:455-468

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A
Oshaug A, Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A (1994). Problems and pitfalls in the use of estimated age in anthropometric measurements of children from 6 to 60 months of age: A case from Mali. Journal of Nutrition, 124: 636-644
Oshaug A,Pedersen J, Diarra M, Ag Bendech M, Hatløy A
Sommerfelt, Tone & Kristin Jesnes. 2015. State control of religious activity in southern Mali following the 2012 crisisNorwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Oslo: NOREF. 
Bjørkhaug, I., K.M. Jennings and M. Bøås (2010) Mapping and assessment of national, bilateral and multilateral actors' support to work against sexual based violence in the Great Lakes region in Africa, NORAD Report 12/2010, Oslo: Norad.
Kathleen M. Jennings and Morten Bøås

Jennings, K.M. and V. Nikolic-Ristanovic (2009) UN peacekeeping economies and local sex industries: connections and implications, MicroCon Working Paper 17.

Kathleen M. Jennings
Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S (2008): Verification of Certification  Activities in West African Cocoa Sector Final Verification Report: Côte d’Ivoire. Oslo/Johannesburg: Fafo/Khulisa
Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S
Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S (2008): Verification of Certification Activities in West African Cocoa Sector Final Verification Report: Ghana. Oslo/Johannesburg: Fafo/Khulisa
Hatløy A, Kebede T, Aiello H and Langer S
Bjørkhaug I, Bøås M, Hatløy A and Jennings KM (2007) Returning to Uncertainty? Addressing Vulnerabilities in Northern Uganda, Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister
Bjørkhaug I, Bøås M, Hatløy A and Jennings K
Atallah A, Bøås M, El Dada H, Hatløy A and Zhang H (2005) Northern Uganda IDP Profiling. Volume 2: Tabulation report. Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister. (CD)
Atallah A, Bøås M, El Dada H, Hatløy A, Zhang H
Bøås M and Hatløy A (2005) Northern Uganda IDP Profiling. Volume 1: Northern Uganda IDP Study. Kampala: UNDP/Office of the Prime Minister.
Bøås M and Hatløy A
Mossige A, Hatløy A, Luyinduladio N, Makengo AM, Mboso SK, Mpiana B and  Nyonka N (2004). Etude Pilote de Risques et de la Vulnérabilité en République Démocratique du Congo. Ministère des Affaires Sociales and Banque Mondiale.
Mossige A, Hatløy A, Luyinduladio N, Makengo AM, Mboso SK, Mpiana B and Nyonka N

Kielland, A. and I. Sanogo (2002), Burkina Faso: Child labor migration from rural areas, magnitude and determinants. World Bank/Terre des Hommes

Anne Kielland and Ibrahima Sanogo

Kielland, A. and R. Ouensavi (2001), Child labor migration in Bénin, magnitude and determinants. The World Bank/CEO

Anne Kielland and Roger Ouensavi

Fløtten, T. (2000). Dilemmas to be faced in delivery of infrastructure. Chapter 3 in L. Tørres (ed.), Infrastructure delivery in South Africa. Fafo/CASE-report.

Tone Fløtten

Kielland, A. and M. Tovo (2006), Children at Work: Child Labor Practices in Africa. Lynne Rienner Publishers

Anne Kielland and Maurizia Tovo