Violence and Conflict
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Foto: Nerina Weiss/Fafo

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How do violence and conflict impact individuals, communities and institutions?

Fafo has long experience in researching conflicts and social unrest around the globe. Our research focuses on how people and institutions are affected by, respond to and recover from violence and conflict.

We aim at uncovering the underlying drivers of conflict, who the main actors are on the local, national, regional and global levels, and the conditions under which conflicts are created and sustained.

Our research focuses on the continuum of violence (Bourgois 2004), that is the interlinkage of domestic, structural and political violence. Our research therefore also explores the impact of violence and conflict on health, social relations and political participation.

Research topics vary from the integration of traumatized refugees, human trafficking, torture, as well as an indebt study of civil wars, social unrest and terrorism around the world.

Johansen, M-L., Sandrup, T. & Weiss, N. (2018). Introduction: The Generative Power of Political Emotions. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Mette-Louise Johansen, Therese Sandrup and Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2018). The Many Layers of Moral Outrage. Kurdish Activists and Diaspora Politics. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (2018). Theorising women and war in Kurdistan: A feminist and critical perspective. Kurdish Studies, 6(1).

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink & Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (eds.) (2018). Kurdish Studies. Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Special Issue: Women and War.

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink, Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2017). De gode radikale i kampen mot IS. I A. Andersson, S. A. E. Høgestøl & A. C. Lie (red.), Fremmedkrigere: Forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia. Oslo: Gyldendal Juridisk.

Nerina Weiss

Foghammar, L., Jang, S., Kyzy, G. A., Weiss, N., Sullivan, K. A., Gibson-Fall, F. & Irwin, R. (2016). Challenges in researching violence affecting health service delivery in complex security environments. Social Science and Medicine, 162, 219-226.

Ludvig Foghammar, Suyoun Jang, Gulzhan Asylbek Kyzy, Nerina Weiss, Katherine A. Sullivan, Fawzia Gibson-Fall, Rachel Irwin

Jennings, K.M. (forthcoming) “Blue Helmet Havens: Peacekeeping as Bypassing in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo”, International Peacekeeping.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. and M. Bøås (2015) “Transactions and Interactions: Everyday Life in the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 281-295.

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Other publications

Johansen, M-L., Sandrup, T. & Weiss, N. (2018). Introduction: The Generative Power of Political Emotions. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Mette-Louise Johansen, Therese Sandrup and Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2018). The Many Layers of Moral Outrage. Kurdish Activists and Diaspora Politics. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (2018). Theorising women and war in Kurdistan: A feminist and critical perspective. Kurdish Studies, 6(1).

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink & Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (eds.) (2018). Kurdish Studies. Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Special Issue: Women and War.

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink, Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2017). De gode radikale i kampen mot IS. I A. Andersson, S. A. E. Høgestøl & A. C. Lie (red.), Fremmedkrigere: Forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia. Oslo: Gyldendal Juridisk.

Nerina Weiss

Foghammar, L., Jang, S., Kyzy, G. A., Weiss, N., Sullivan, K. A., Gibson-Fall, F. & Irwin, R. (2016). Challenges in researching violence affecting health service delivery in complex security environments. Social Science and Medicine, 162, 219-226.

Ludvig Foghammar, Suyoun Jang, Gulzhan Asylbek Kyzy, Nerina Weiss, Katherine A. Sullivan, Fawzia Gibson-Fall, Rachel Irwin

Jennings, K.M. (forthcoming) “Blue Helmet Havens: Peacekeeping as Bypassing in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo”, International Peacekeeping.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. and M. Bøås (2015) “Transactions and Interactions: Everyday Life in the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 281-295.

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Johansen, M-L., Sandrup, T. & Weiss, N. (2018). Introduction: The Generative Power of Political Emotions. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Mette-Louise Johansen, Therese Sandrup and Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2018). The Many Layers of Moral Outrage. Kurdish Activists and Diaspora Politics. Conflict and Society, 4(1).

Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (2018). Theorising women and war in Kurdistan: A feminist and critical perspective. Kurdish Studies, 6(1).

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink & Nerina Weiss

Begikhani, N., Hamelink, W., & Weiss, N. (eds.) (2018). Kurdish Studies. Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Special Issue: Women and War.

Nazand Begikhani, Wendelmoet Hamelink, Nerina Weiss

Weiss, N. (2017). De gode radikale i kampen mot IS. I A. Andersson, S. A. E. Høgestøl & A. C. Lie (red.), Fremmedkrigere: Forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia. Oslo: Gyldendal Juridisk.

Nerina Weiss

Foghammar, L., Jang, S., Kyzy, G. A., Weiss, N., Sullivan, K. A., Gibson-Fall, F. & Irwin, R. (2016). Challenges in researching violence affecting health service delivery in complex security environments. Social Science and Medicine, 162, 219-226.

Ludvig Foghammar, Suyoun Jang, Gulzhan Asylbek Kyzy, Nerina Weiss, Katherine A. Sullivan, Fawzia Gibson-Fall, Rachel Irwin

Jennings, K.M. (forthcoming) “Blue Helmet Havens: Peacekeeping as Bypassing in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo”, International Peacekeeping.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. and M. Bøås (2015) “Transactions and Interactions: Everyday Life in the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 281-295.

Jennings, K.M. (2015) “Life in a ‘Peace-kept’ City: Encounters with the Peacekeeping Economy”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-315.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2014) "Service, sex and security: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", Security Dialogue, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1-18.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2010) "Unintended Consequences of Intimacy: Political Economies of Peacekeeping and Sex Tourism", International Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-243.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Jennings, K.M. (2009) "The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique", Conflict, Security & Development, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 475-494.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and A. Hatløy (2008), "‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 46, no. 1, pp.33-55.

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

Jennings, K.M. (2007) "The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia", International Peacekeeping, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2007) "'Failed States' and 'State Failure': Threats or Opportunities?", Globalizations, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 475-485.

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. En global utfordring. Dagens Næringsliv, 24.2.2017. 

Victor Adetula

Adetula, Victor, Camilla Houeland & Tone Sommerfelt. 2017. The crisis around Lake Chad. Africa is a Country, 23.2.2017.

Victor Adetula

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Yahya Jammeh's tribalism. Africa is a Country, 26.12.2016. 

Sommerfelt, Tone. 2016. Valget i Gambia: Da Afrikas minste land overrasket en hel verden. Afrika.no (Fellesrådet) 9.12.2016. 

Afrika.no (Fellesrådet for Afrika) 9.12.2016. 
Sommerfelt, Tone, Anne Hatløy and Kristin Jesnes. 2015. "Wahhabiyya paranoia in Bamako and the new intolerance of the tolerant". The Broker, op. ed. published July 10th 2015.
Mark B. Taylor, A Rock in Hard Places: Conflict Zones and the Illicit Trade in Uranium, Background Paper No 12/2014. International Law and Policy Institute (ILPI)
Bjørkhaug, I., K.M. Jennings and M. Bøås (2010) Mapping and assessment of national, bilateral and multilateral actors' support to work against sexual based violence in the Great Lakes region in Africa, NORAD Report 12/2010, Oslo: Norad.
Kathleen M. Jennings and Morten Bøås

Jennings, K.M. and V. Nikolic-Ristanovic (2009) UN peacekeeping economies and local sex industries: connections and implications, MicroCon Working Paper 17.

Kathleen M. Jennings

Regulating Illicit Flows to and From Wars, Mark B. Taylor, in Companies in Conflict Situations, ICIP Research 01, 2013 pp.15-35

Mark Taylor
Bøås, M. and K.M. Jennings (2008) "War in the Great Lakes Region and Ugandan Conflict Zones: Micro-regionalisms and Meta-narratives", in Fredrik Söderbaum and Ian Taylor (eds) Afro-Regions: The Dynamics of Cross-border Micro-regionalisms in Africa, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings