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Platform work can be seen as one important case in which many key aspects of the changing world of work coalesce. As part of the ongoing project Nordic Future of Work, this report explores the development of platform work in the Nordic countries and the central issues of concern related to it.

The report also connects some of the themes explored in the other research subjects in the project, such as digitalization, new forms of employment and the legal and regulatory challenges currently faced by the social partners, governments and Nordic labour market models.

The pan-Nordic project as well as the report is commissioned by The Nordic Council of Ministries and led by Fafo.

An extended and updated paper in the Nordic Future of Work project studies whether the occupational structure in Nordic labour markets is changing in the direction of upgrading or polarization. Based on data from 2000 to 2015, the results show clear tendencies towards polarization in Denmark, especially after the 2008 crisis, while upgrading is the dominant tendency in Norway in recent years. The tendencies in Finland and Sweden lie between these two countries.  In Sweden, clear upgrading is found in the public sector and in production of tangible goods, while modest signs of polarization is found in the private sector as a whole.

By studying the occupational changes in more detail, the researchers find some evidence suggesting that technological change is a main driver of change, but also indications that political and economic factors should be taken into consideration to understand occupational change in the Nordic region.

In an article in Journal of Education and Work Tove Mogstad Aspøy explores the role competence upgrades may have in improving job quality in occupations characterized by poor working conditions. In light of institutional theory, the author discusses the reasoning behind the introduction of the certificate in cleaning. Why did one think that this could improve job quality in the profession?

On Thursday May 21 (15.00 Norwegian time), Svein Erik Stave and Tewodros Aragie Kebede will be participating in an online debate session concerning social protection policies in the Arab world. The Fafo researchers have been conducting research on how the corona situation is affecting the labour market in Jordan. The session is part of the Regional Dialogue Series on Social Protection Policies in the Arab world and will be streamed live stream on Facebook.

Fafo and the International Labour Organization (ILO) has launched the results of a rapid assessment of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on vulnerable workers in the Jordanian labour market. The assessment includes Syrian refugees, Jordanians, women and workers in informal employment.

Almost half of the respondents who were in employment before the COVID-19 outbreak, were currently out of work. Out of these, 13 per cent had been permanently dismissed, while 18 percent had been temporarily laid-off and 16 per cent were on paid leave. Syrian refugees were among those hardest hit as a result of their largely informal employment situation. A third who were in employment before the crisis had lost their jobs permanently, compared to 17 per cent of surveyed Jordanians.

A new book, published by Manchester University Press, explores the tensions that emerge within strong welfare states when faced with large migration flows. Nerina Weiss has contributed with a chapter on “The trauma of waiting: understanding the violence of the benevolent welfare state”.

In her chapter, Weiss focuses on the experiences of refugees who have received asylum, but who have been waiting for resettlement in Norwegian municipalities for years. She investigates how this waiting is experienced, and whether and how this affects their relationship to the Norwegian state. She argues that refugees waiting for resettlement often experience the welfare state as imponderable, negligent and, at times, as utterly violent.

Fafo has been given an urgent assignment from UN’s International Labour Organisation (ILO) to map how the corona crisis affects the labor markets in Jordan and Lebanon, with an emphasis on refugees, immigrants and other vulnerable groups in the informal work sector.

Researchers Svein Erik Stave and Tewodros Aragie Kebede are developing the survey tools for the imminent data collection via telephone interviews. The survey will be repeated in a couple of months to assess the longer-term consequences in the labor markets.

The visit of Director-General Joost Korte is unfortunately canceled. This is due to new internal instructions following the coronavirus outbreak that indicate that only absolutely necessary journeys must be made by employees of the EU institutions.

Wednesday January 29th Ellen Katrine Kallander will be defending the thesis “Children affected by parental illness or parental substance abuse: young carers, well-being and quality of life” for the degree of PhD.

SMART is an EU project aimed at making trade and the market more sustainable and responsible. This week, through a string of events, members of the project will present their suggestions for what EU and its businesses can do to reach these goals. On the event focused on products January 24th, Fafo researcher Taylor will offer his advice when it comes to “Resistance to regulation in global value chains / product lifecycles”. Anyone can register to participate in the events.

In Ethiopia, malnutrition is widespread amongst children and a supplementary feeding program is only provided to chronically food-insecure areas. A paper co-authored by Anne Hatløy outline the exploration of whether using local ingredients-based supplement (such as pumpkin seed, peanut, amaranth grain, flaxseed, and emmer wheat) is at least as good an alternative as the currently used corn-soya blends in treating moderate acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months. Further studies will examine how mothers view a change to supplements based on local ingredients.

This report discusses a number of key topics, such as which forms labour trafficking can take and how it can be distinguished from other terms and concepts that are commonly used to describe exploitation in the work sphere. Furthermore, we look into practical experiences, opportunities and challenges related to anti-trafficking efforts in three main areas: detecting and identifying human trafficking, assistance to victims and investigation/prosecution.

Terje Olsen is co-editor for the book “Disability Hate Speech”. This is the first book to solely and explicitly focus on hate speech against disabled people. It seeks to explain the phenomena, its importance, what laws govern it and how it differs from other forms of hate speech.

This report focuses on the circumstances of non-citizen ex-Gaza Palestinian refugees living inside refugee camps in Jordan. Combining statistical and qualitative data, it demonstrates that ex-Gazans in Jerash camp are significantly poorer and that their pattern and type of employment differs from ex-Gazans and citizen refugees elsewhere. The report explores the work and livelihood practices of ex-Gazans in Jerash camp in order to better understand how their non-citizen status and location in Jerash camp intersect to exacerbate their poor socio-economic conditions.

The theme for this breakfast was how Brexit may influence labour market regulation and employment relations in Europe, including Norway. Lecture by professor Paul Marginson, University of Warwick: «Opening a hole in Europe's regulatory floor? Brexit and employment relations». Comments by Jon Erik Dølvik, Fafo, and panel conversation with Peggy Hessen Følsvik, Deputy Leader, Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and Nina Melsom, Working Life Director, The Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO).

Senior Researcher Mark Taylor has published an article in Sustainability, analysing resistance to regulation in the value chains of complex products. At a time of increasing pressure to develop sustainable systems of production and consumption (SDG 16), the article asks whether the existing legal frameworks are up to the task of regulating for sustainability in consumer products. Drawing on research into mobile phone production conducted under the SMART project, the article describes how precarious work and toxic impacts on people and the planet are made possible by production systems that resist regulation.

Fafo has published a country report on the vocational system in Norway, as part of the European Union's Erasmus + project «TRACK-VET». The report outlines how the planned new curriculum can put more emphasis on "key transverse competencies", such as democratic and social skills, critical thinking, digital competence and "learning how to learn." The report is based on literature studies and statistical data, a series of interviews with representatives of the educational authorities, trade unions and other key organisations as well as politicians and teachers.

That people who flee war and persecution should have the right to protection is generally agreed upon. It is more contested what this protection should entail and who should be responsible for shouldering the burdens associated with this protection. In this seminar we addressed some of the dilemmas that emerge when governments try to collaborate in securing refugee populations’ rights.

The seminar was held in English and can be re-watched on Fafo-tv. (Unfortunately we had some problems with the sound recording.)

Hanne C. Kavli will act as new research director at Fafo untill 1. september 2020. Kavli earned her degree in political science at the University of Oslo. Kavli has had the position as a senior researcher at Fafo.

The annual national conference against radicalization and violent extremism is this time held in Stavanger. The conference will examine several topics related to, amongst other, right-wing extremism and prevention. As part of the program, Fafo researcher Nerina Weiss, together with Erik Lindbæk Kruse, will speak about "discourses and effects of radicalization prevention in Scandinavia."

The children of immigrants are often met with the attitude that their choice of education has been dictated by social control. On the contrary, these sons and daughters are intent on making their own choices, says researcher Marianne Takvam Kindt to Kifinfo in this article.

Three Fafo researchers are editors of a new textbook which gathers articles from leading international researchers on the topic of part-time work. A main focus is the relationship between "good and bad" part-time, both in a national and international perspective. Part-time as also linked to the ongoing debate on dualisation in the labour market and the capacity of political policy to influence practice, in the workplace and in families.

Anette Brunovskis' PhD, accepted on the 15th of October, is named "Illuminating and blinding. The searchlight effect of human trafficking policies on anti-trafficking practice".

In the book «Posted Work in the European Union – The Political Economy of Free Movement» Fafo researchers Kristin Alsos and Anne Mette Ødegård have written a chapter on the so-called "Shipyard Affair". This yearlong conflict served as an important test case for regulations concerning posted workers in Norway. The book consists of contributions from researchers from several European countries.

In a new Fafo brief Åge A. Tiltnes and Guri Tyldum summarize the situation for Syrian refugees in the neighboring country of Jordan. In spite of a clear improvement in the recent years in the fields of employment and schooling for the youngest, jobs are often badly paid and uncertain and a large proportion drop out of school and education.

Construction of roads, railway, bridges and tunnels in in a growing degree being contracted to non-Norwegian entrepreneurs. How will this effect the working conditions in this business sector – and will Norwegian entrepreneurs manage to survive in this new competitive setting?

Fafo Østforum held the seminar 8th of October – a video recording is available.

The Nordic project “Future of work” maps how shifts in technology, economics, demographics and employment forms will affect the Nordic labour markets in the near future. The researchers will publish a series of papers and briefs towards the final report in 2020. Today they released five working papers on “key concepts and changing labour relations” in each specific country.

Fafo Researcher Mark Taylor is co-editor of a special issue of the journal Competition and Change which explores the challenges to protecting labour and human rights in global value chains. The special issue includes contributions on worker power and the rise of larger emerging-market multinationals, as well as the role of contracts, worker-led monitoring and litigation against companies as part of the governance of sustainability in supply chains.

The Nordic model is considered as well suited for tackling digitalization and automation. Nevertheless, researchers estimate dramatic implications for the development and composition of the labour market. These estimates are, however, usually predicted from the specific situation in the United States. In a project collaboration with leading researchers from MIT, the University of Michigan and the University of Gothenburg, Fafo will study how digitization will affect employment and labour markets in Norway, Sweden and the United States. How do labour market actors and institutions influence and shape the digitalization and its outcomes in the various countries – and vice versa?

In this project, the serving establisment industry (bars, cafés, restaurants) is being mapped to see what kind of changes have occurred since the last survey in 2014. This will provide knowledge of employment and characteristics of employee, wage and working conditions, as well as HSE and knowledge of bad actors in the industry. The project is on behalf of the Norwegian Labour Inspectorate, which also have asked for an assessment of whether initiated measures have had any effects.

Digital labour platforms represent new ways of organising labour and novel opportunities. The Nordic region is recognised for being at the forefront of technology, but digital platforms are currently used to a limited extent. Nordic Innovation and the five national Federations of Professional Associations have commissioned Economics Norway, the Research foundation Fafo and a supporting panel of Nordic experts to study opportunities and barriers for Nordic countries to take advantage of benefits created by the platform economy. The analysis has a specific focus on the platform economy in the knowledge-intensive labour market.

To date the Nordic countries have not had a public debate on living wages. This does not mean that the concept of a living wage is alien to them. In this article Kristin Alsos, Kristine Nergaard and Andreas Van Den Heuvel (LO) examine whether wage-setting mechanisms in the Nordic countries promote and secure a living wage for all employees, and how trade unions have approached the concept of a living wage.

Digitization, demographic changes, climate change and globalization will affect many businesses and professional careers. How this offers both opportunities and challenges served as the starting point for a separate "thematic forum" during the current ILO Convention in Geneva. Fafos Kristin Alsos partaked in a discussion panel, along with the Labor Minister of Uruguay, leader of ETUC, an advisor to the largest employer association in Poland, a UN young leader and the leader of the Ibero American Conference.

Many municipalities do not reach the goals set by the Government, the social partners and themselves aimed at developing a culture of full-time work. Most of the effort to develop a culture of full-time work fails because the employer has underestimated the strength of part-time culture and do not invest the needed resources for such a demanding change. In two new reports Fafo describe the current part-time culture.

One report also describes a new methodology, which can provide a breakthrough in the development of a full-time culture on a large scale.

This week ILO, United Nations’ labor organization, celebrates reaching an age of 100 years. Since the organization itself is built on tripartism, Norway’s Prime Minister Erna Solberg handed over a report on the parallel history of social dialogue and tripartism in Norway. How did this social dialogue form, what have been the effects, and how can it help us into the work life of the future?  The report is written by three Fafo researchers and funded by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and ILO.

ALLEMED is a dialog tool to help non-governmental organizations and municipalities to include all children and young people in recreational activities. This brief documents how local government tackle questions of child poverty and, and how they experience that the ALLEMED tool works. Results indicate that the tool can be useful, but it is yet not known whether it actually helps reduce the number of children and young people that are prevented from participating in recreational activities as a result of economic conditions.

In this article in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies Tove Midtsundstad investigate what characterizes private sector enterprises that offer their employees both entitlement to AFP and a "good" occupational pension, compared with enterprises that only offer a minimum pension. She finds that union strength and strong social partner relations are key factors that differentiate these two groups.

Fafos report on Norwegians' attitudes when it comes to discrimination has led to a debate about racism and how scientific methods can document such attitudes. In a comment on NRK Ytring Guri Tyldum explains her choices for the report and comments on the subsequent debate in the media. – The Fafo-report is not a study of racism in Norway, but concerns itself of how the population views the instruments to combat discrimination and hate speech, Tyldum writes.

On commission from the Norwegian Directorate for health Fafo has evaluated an agreement between the government and the food production industry to facilitate a healthier diet. This brief is the first annual evaluation of the ongoing project. The agreement has introduced useful meeting points and networks, as well as increased food industry's awareness of its own corporate social responsibility. Challenges concern consumption habits and sales, demanding changes of existing products as well as how changes in the tax code for certain foods and beverages with sugar have influenced the climate of cooperation.

The launch of a report concerning the role of private companies have in providing welfare services was marked by a Fafo seminar May 29th. Central questions: How has the scope of the private sector’s role within welfare services evolved? What impact has the private providers of welfare services had when it comes to quality and efficiency? And what happens to the wages, pensions and working conditions?

Fafo's Tone Fløtten and Svein Erik Stave (photo) are among the presenters in a breakfast seminar at Kulturhuset June 12th hosted by Norad. The event aims to engage in joint reflections on current evaluation practices in the light of Agenda 2030 and SDG 17. 

The Fafo conference 2019 - which also marked the 15th anniversary of the EU's eastward expansion - focused on contemporary concerns about climate change, lack of integration, greater inequalities, pressure on wage and working conditions and the welfare state's sustainability.

New technology, digitization and robotics demand abilities in restructuring and skills development in the workplace. Fafo has examined private sector's employee and employer organizations’ view and act on the collective agreements’ provisions on this area. The abilities to rapidly restructure and develop new skills in the aftermath of major technological or legislative changes are given a positive review, all though the daily and more mundane cooperation is often compromised.

May 2nd Fafo researcher Marianne Takvam Kindt was conferred a Ph. D. doctorate at University of Oslo’s institute of education. Her thesis builds on qualitative in-depth interviews with 28 children of immigrants who are undertaking prestigious educational pathways. The thesis examines how they view and explain their choices and developments, from being raised in an immigrant family to higher education and entering adult life.

In Norway, as in many other coutnries, 1st of May is a national holiday celebrating workers in the past and present. On we have written an article explaining the historic reasons for choosing this day, and how the first demonstrations have evolved.

Fafo has mapped how the legal and contractual requirements for systematic work for safety and inclusion is carried out locally, based on case studies in four municipalities. All though the measures taken are not necessarily characterized by innovation, it is obvious that the work that is carried out amongst the four cases can inspire other municipalities to strengthened efforts. There are many good and systematic efforts being undertaken, the researchers conclude.

The Norwegian government has launched a plan to further climate adaption and food safety in the agriculture sector. This plan has laid the foundations for the upcoming action plan for sustainable food systems in Norwegian foreign and development policy. At this Fafo breakfast, we released a Fafo report offering input to the action plan.

Fafo, on assignment from the Norwegian trade union in the food and beverage production sector (Norsk Nærings- og Nytelsesmiddel-arbeiderforbund / NNN), has interviewed local officials about their needs and thoughts concerning their member organization. There are wide differences in the levels of local activity and needs for training and development. Still, a general view is that a stronger exchange of experiences and knowledge between the clubs is needed. Another desire is that more responsibility should be placed in the hands of the local branch. Also the express a wish for better tending of the members from the core part of the organization.

From 23rd of April Stein R. Fredriksen has been heading Fafo's information department. Before his arrival, Fredriksen worked in University of Oslo's communication department for nine years, two of these years as the department's acting leader.

Young people with family background from Africa, Asia and the Middle East have, on average, far less resources available in the family and achieve on average lower grades in primary school. Yet, they have high educational aspirations. On average they also spend more time on homework, Jon Horgen Friberg explains in a recent article (in English). His findings support the theory that the so-called "immigrant drive" is stronger among young people who maintain their parents' cultural orientations.

How did the trade unions arise in Norway? And which conflicts helped to shape the cooperative culture between employers and employees – as well as the first collective agreements? In an international textbook historian and Fafo researcher Åsmund Arup Seip has written an article (in English) about the unruly birth of organized labour in Norway. This also serves as the pretext for an interview posted on (in Norwegian).

In cooperation with researchers from OsloMet, The Norwegian Police Academy and UiO, Niri Talberg has written a report about the police workers’ review of the police reform which was initiated three years ago. Among 3100 respondents, many express frustrations regarding a shift towards controlling rather than helping the general public. Other frustrations are: Less knowledge about local environments, less informal contact and losing the ability to perform “small” tasks on behalf of having to be prepared for terror.

The Nordic Council of Labour Ministers launched an extensive research project, headed by Fafo, last year on the theme of "The future of work". The preliminary findings – also available as several briefs, all in English – were presented to the conference in Reykjavik April 4th and 5th. In the final part of the conference the discussion was reserved for issues linked to gender equality in the world of work issues, ending with an Equal Pay International Coalition roundtable session.

The extensive use of interviews in sociological research has in recent years met with different kinds of criticism. In an article in Norsk Sosiologisk Tidsskrift, Jon Horgen Friberg argue that the criticism tends to be exaggerated, but still points towards real challenges that need to be addressed. In line with a pragmatic understanding of science, he argues that the way in which these challenges are met depends on what you want to do with the data. To illustrate, two dimensions are described – between discourse-oriented and action-oriented approaches, on the one hand, and between experience-oriented and critical approaches on the other.

By law, Norwegian workers have the right to a sick pay on the same level as their ordinary salary – with a cap on the time-adjusted equivalent of about 600 000 NOK a year as well as a maximum of days which you can receive this compensation. Many collective agreements have secured their members better terms. In this brief, Kristin Alsos present an overview of the most central agreements. The project is commissioned by a governmental expert panel which has written a report which has sick pay as one of its topics.

Currently, on the news site Dagens Perspektiv, there is an ongoing debate about the value of employees rights to have representatives on the companies’ boards. In an op-ed, Inger Marie Hagen, on basis of research, rejects claims that these representatives are overtly orientated against conflicts and special interests. She asks if the underlying conflict rather is between shortsighted and longsighted organizational and economical goals, and the diverging aims this might create between owners/stockholders and the employees.

Many Norwegian and Danish employees have a right to be part of the decision processes concerning their workplace, including having at least one seat on the board. Few of these representatives report having an actual influence on decisions, according to an article by Inger Marie Hagen and Caspar Rose (Copenhagen Business School). Gender, member size of the board and the representatives’ experience do not statistically alter this. On the other hand, a high frequencies of board meetings correlates with the employees having a stronger voice.

Foto: Colourbox
12. March

The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Norad are working on an update of the policy concerning sustainable food systems. Fafo is tasked with offering a fresh look at the underlying factual and conceptual terms, the global status quo as well as serving policy advice when it comes to the subject of nutrition in Norway’s development work abroad.

When married women started partaking in the job market during the 70’s, part time work was a mainstream adaptive choice. Since then both the understanding and the rhetoric of part time work have changed.  Today it is commonly viewed as a barrier to full gender equality. This evolvement of ideas, studied in the light of cultural and institutional changes, is the main topic in an article written by Anne Lise Ellingsæter og Ragnhild Steen Jensen.

In this brief, the authors describe the most important changes and conflicts concerning the Norwegian pension system. This is used as a platform for a discussion on which challenges the system will be struggling with now and in the near future. Originally, the brief was written for the trade union El og IT Forbundet as a roadmap for its debate on pension policy.

Transport of goods across the borders in the EU/ECC area is a heated topic, also in Norway. The reason for this is not only the problems concerning foreign trucks which is not adapted to driving on slippery winter roads, but also because of the pressure that is being laid on salaries and working conditions. This seminar presented findings amongst Bulgarian and Rumanian drivers in Norway as well as the ongoing discussions on EU policy.

The rights of employees to have a dialogue with the employers and a voice concerning their workplaces is an important fundament of the Norwegian work model as well as our democratic culture. Two Fafo researchers find a considerable lack of actual use of these legal rights to participate, casting the model's strength into doubt. The findings are presented in an international book about democracy (in English) and a news article on (in Norwegian).

From the 1st of March, Terje Olsen is heading Fafo’s research group which specialize itself in welfare and living conditions. Before this, he worked as a senior researcher at Nordlandsforskning in Bodø. Olsen has a master in social anthropology and a PhD in sociology from the university in Uppsala, Sweden.

In this project, Fafo will evaluate implementation and results in three Church City Mission projects as they are conducted from 2019 to 2022. Key research questions in the project are: Which differences do the implemented services make for their target group, how should services be implemented for best results and which conditions are necessary for project continuation and best practice transfer to similar projects?

The Nordic Council of Ministers has put Fafo in charge of coordinating the Nordic research project “The future of work: Opportunities and challenges for the Nordic models”. The topics involved are distributed in so-called pillars. As part of pillar VI, this brief report serves as a judicial introduction to how changes in how we organize our work might influence laws and regulations in the future.

Many members of the trade union FO experience violence, threats, online and sexual harassment, according to this topical survey produced by Fafo. 3 of 10 employees in the most local part of public sector (municipalities) experience work related issues of these kinds. In the central level (governmental), the same applies to 1 in 4 women and 1 in 5 men.

The Norwegian government is considering inserting economic incentives in the introductive courses and training in Norwegian aimed at newly arrived immigrants. Fafo has been given the task of developing models based for how this can be done. This will be done in cooperation with Frischsenteret, and might lead to a project to design and run a pilot program.

2 in 5 Norwegian employee representatives know of incidents involving alcohol, drugs or other substances in the local working environment, according to a recent survey conducted by Fafo. 9 percent know of incidents involving gambling.

And what might make them stay? Based on data from registers and surveys, Fafo will conduct an examination and analysis of how many actually quit when turning a specific age, which alternative courses they seek and which factors that might contribute to them staying.

The last edition of European Journal of Education is a special edition which focuses on active aging and older learners. Tove Midtsundstad has been one of three editors. She has also contributed with three articles, one as the sole author, one with colleague Roy A. Nielsen and one with her two co-editors. The publication is part of The Research Council of Norway’s project “Silver lining”. All the articles are in English.

The Norwegian labour market is in many ways struggling. But the reasons for the strong influx of work migrants from the EU and the underlying weaknesses in the “Norwegian model” will not disappear by tearing up the EEA agreement, warns Jon Erik Dølvik in an opinion piece in Fri Fagbevegelse (in Norwegian).

How workers that have fulfilled or are in vocational training contribute to innovation within companies has not been thoroughly detailed. In a new project Fafo will perform case studies to clarify this question. We also aim to shed light on the interplay between vocationally trained and workers with higher education, between the first group and apprentices, as well as the part that trade unions and employer’s organizations play.

Mali, Burkina Faso og Niger are amongst the poorest countries in the world. Three million children never attend or drop out of school. Strømmestiftelsen has introduced «Speed Schools» that offer the children a fast track back to the regular school system. Fafo researcher Tewodros Aragie Kebede has evaluated the program between 2014 and 2018. The report (available both in English and French) was presented during a designated seminar February 14th

Fafo researcher Sissel C. Trygstad was one of the lecturers when the Norwegian government hosted a peer review seminar concerning European cooperation on protection of whistleblowers February 14th and 15th. The seminar was held in English. An archived video stream is available.

Fafo has surveyed union representatives in the workplaces. The aim was to see which tasks take most of their time, what they feel they lack to fulfill their mandate and which motivations they had to volunteer. Most would wish they had more time and access to better information.

The outlook has brightened amongst Jordan’s many Syrian refugees. According to a national survey, the number of people who is working or under education has increased. 60 percent think the future will offer improvements from their current situation. Still, poverty is widespread. About 40 percent are in risk of starvation. Also, the dependence on aid is widespread and few think that they will be able to return to Syria in the immediate future.

A new article discusses whether migration aimed at begging in the streets of the Nordic countries entail risk of abuse. The two authors find that the resources needed to travel to Norway hardly can be monopolized. Also, migration that leans heavily on network or happens in “clusters” also protects the migrants from abuse from external sources. On the other hand: The dependence on tightknit and informal relations means a higher risk of abuse within families or networks, but there is no evidence that this vulnerability is worsened by the migration process.

A new book has looked into how migration is treated as a topic for debate and research by researchers, media and politics. One of the people who the journal Tidsskrift for samfunnsvitenskap has asked to offer some reflections after reading Mette Andersson’s book is Jon Horgen Friberg. He warns his colleagues not to end up as victims: – I miss stories about how migration researchers like to be in a hot debate climate and who are aware how lucky we are, he writes (in Norwegian).

In 2004, the responsibility for bargaining with the teachers’ trade unions was handed over from the state to the Norwegian municipalities and counties. The teachers objected, but the government thought it necessary to concentrate more of the duties as employer in the hands of the schools themselves. This brief, written by Åsmund Arup Seip, examines the historical backdrop to both the starting and end point of this shift.

The social security agency NAV has initiated many projects aiming to get more people with functional impairments in employment. This report looks into the different projects. It identifies similarities and differences between them, as well as factors which the project participants regard as important to succeed. The report also points at good practices for project work generally.

The use of temporary staff recruitment agencies has recently increased also in Norway’s more rural county of Nordland, according to a brief written by Kristine Nergaard and Elin Svarstad. Building and construction is the main driving force. Despite the objective to spend less, also municipalities and health enterprises has been spending more money on contracted workers.

Recently China celebrated the 40 years’ anniversary of the reforms that are regarded as the starting point for the country’s enormous growth and development. Since then China has become an economical and technological political world power. Still, many consider the current prospects of political, economic and international development in China in a less optimistic light.

To build on the previous work in Western China in 2004, Fafo and CASTED plan to conduct a living conditions survey in the four Western provinces Shaanxi, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan. The project aims to understand global challenges such as good governance, socio-economic development, poverty alleviation, social security, innovation and climate change mitigation in China’s Western region.

As part of the Joint Programming Initiatives (JPI) program “Demographic Change, Equality and Wellbeing”, Tove Midtsundstad and Anne Inga Hilsen have compiled a policy brief. The Research Council of Norway is the project’s originator. The brief sums up current European knowledge on seniors’ labor force participation and how this interplay with demographic changes in the population. The effects on income, health and volunteer work are central topics. The brief, written in English, serves as a foundation for JPI’s strategy for knowledge and research concerning on this specific area.

Fafo has contributed in a European Commission funded project: "Protecting Mobility through Improving Labour Rights Enforcement in Europe" that aims to enhance administrative cooperation and information sharing between relevant stakeholders engaged with posting of workers.

2 of 5 employees in Norway's private sector do not know which pension saving plan they have through their job. Many also do not know if they have access to the collectively agreed pension AFP. This uncertainty is also widespread amongst the employers as well as quite a few shop stewards, according to Ståle Østhus study.

How is workers' participation and co-determination rights practiced in the Norwegian working life? And how do social partners assess this practice? These are central questions in this project undertaken on behalf of the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Together with Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse and Ipsos, Fafo is conducting an evaluation of a national project (2016–2020) aimed at improving the system for support and care of people struggling with substance abuse. Our second status report is based on a series of indicators, case studies in six municipalities and discussion meetings with representatives from the sector. The evaluation is commissioned by the Directorate for health (Helsedirektoratet).

Traditionally the position as principal/school manager (Norwegian: «skoleleder») has been prestigious, well paid and had a high degree of job security. An increase in the number of tasks and reporting demands might have altered the scope of the position. A new research project will investigate the recruitment processes for school managers. Are the best leaders chosen? And if not, what can be done?

For two years high schools (upper secondary schools) have administrated a stricter enforcement concerning absence in high school. This report map how students assess and cope with this new regulation. A problematic finding is that all though the rate of attendance has grown in general, so has also the risk of becoming a dropout for some of the students.

Where is social capital – and thereby trust – formed? Earlier research has tended to give too much credit to the civil society, according to Jon Fafo Rogstad and Kaja Reegård. In an article in an international textbook on democracy they turn our gazes towards the importance of our workplaces. By studying the apprentices in the retail industry, they find indications that offering confidence and responsibility nurtures emotional engagement, confidence and trust – important elements for a well-functioning democracy.

This report launched on January 16th, focuses on parenting and social control, with a particular focus on immigrant families from Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka. What attitudes are found in regard to issues of gender roles and sexuality among adolescents? The report contains both the parent's and the youth's perspectives.

norske og svenske yrkesfag

During the 90s both Sweden and Norway made radical changes to their upper secondary school systems. Despite many historical similarities, the reforms chose two markedly dissimilar paths in their take on vocational subjects. In an article in European Educational Research Journal Daniel Persson Thunqvist (Linköping uni.) and Anna Hagen Tønder and Kaja Reegård (Fafo) map the causes and effects of these separate courses.

In the collective bargaining process in 2016, the central government's main tariff agreement was divided into two. Mechanisms for wage settings have since been conditional on the union membership of state employees. Members of the academic union get their wage terms governed by a collective agreement, while the rest of the state employees get their terms by another collective agreement.

100 years with ILO
9. January

In connection with the celebration of ILO's 100 years in 2019, Fafo will write a report on social dialogue and tripartite cooperation in Norway in a historical context. This report will be launched  this spring.

The main goals of the evaluation have been to acquire knowledge about what characterises the training models, how they have been implemented, and the consequences for student motivation, learning and progression. Researchers from Fafo and NIFU have written the report. 

The empirical focus of the book is institutional change in the Nordic model, with special emphasis on Norway. Five of the authors are Fafo-researchers: Kristin Alsos, Kaja Reegård, Jon Rogstad, Åsmund Arup Seip og Sissel Trygstad.

The collective bargaining parties in the state sector agreed to alter their agreement on flexible working time. In this project we investigate the effects of the changes made to the agreement.

Employee participation in health, safety and environment work (HSE) has long traditions. In this article Rolf K. Andersen and Mona Bråten discuss the role of the safety delegates in HSE work on construction sites. One main conclusion is that they play an important role, but that their involvement in HSE work is primarily of a reactive nature.

This report investigates the recruitment and organising efforts of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and its affiliated unions in selected industries inthe service sector, namely hotels and restaurants, retail, transport, security services and cleaning. It is written by Johan Røed Steen.

16 companies in Agder have participated in a project in order to be certified for systematic work with equal opportunities at the workplace. Ragnhild Steen Jensen (pictured) and Anne Hege Strand have written this paper to sum up some of the experiences. 

The Centre for Senior Policy (SSP) is a resource centre dedicated to the stimulation and development of policies concerning older workers in the workplace. In this report, Fafo's Anne Inga Hilsen, has asked 20 employees aged 50+ the question:“What does it take for the 15 next years of your career to be the 15 best?”

This report, written by Tove Midtsundstad, describes skilled and unskilled workers in manufacturing industries and gives an account of the number and proportionaged 50 years and above. Additionaly, 12 persons between 61 and 66 years are asked about working environment and health, facilitation and senior policies at the workplace.

Leif E. Moland and Ketil Bråthen will conduct interviews about the use of part-time work in Norwegian hospital. This pilot-project is commissioned by The Employers’ Association Spekter, and will be finished during January next year.

In the aftermath of the pension reform and the Agreement on a more inclusive labour market (IWL agreement), part-time work have been declared as almost a miracle cure for everything from sick leave to early retirement. However, more than one in three employers find it difficult to offer older workers part-time work arrangements, according to Tove Midtsundstad in this article. 

The new legislation for ethical issues in research gives a clear responsibility for how to handle such questions. In some areas, however, commissioned research can face specific ethical challenges or areas that require separate considerations, according to Tone Fløtten and Lars Holden.

The committee has launched its first report about upper secondary education in Norway. The main question is how this education should be organised so that as many as possible will complete school. The committee's work will be finalized at the end of next year.

"Challenging Housing" is a innovative social-housing project encompassing six districts in Oslo. The aim of the project is to develop better housing methods and models in order to meet the housing needs of citizens struggling with severe addiction and mental health issues.

Marit Teigen (ISF) and Beret Bråten (pictured) are new editors of "The Journal of Gender Research" in Norway. The journal is an interdisciplinary referee-based periodical, that publishes articles, comments and book reviews. These are presented in both thematic issues and open issues, in four published issues annually.

Several questions regarding the Norwegian pension system are currently under discussion. In a blog post on Fafo's Jon M. Hippe offers a compact brief (in Norwegian) on which topics these are and the anticipated timelines.

Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Kavli have written an article in Transfer about the Norwegian Introductory Programme.The application of core programme measures remains largely unaffected by evaluations that show that such measures tend to have very modest effects on the labour market integration of refugees.

This report describes the tenth grade mathematics examination given in the spring of 2018. The report is the second in a series of three evaluating the examinations in 2017, 2018 and 2019 respectively. It is a cooperation project between Fafo and OsloMet, commissioned by the Directorate of Education and Training.

Fafo's Arne Backer Grønningsæter and his husband, Olav Manum, have received an award from HivNorway for their work with bringing out  knowledge about HIV. The prize was presented by Leif-Ove Hansen at a seminar at Fafo. HivNorway is a organisation committed to safeguarding the rights of people affected.

Getting old with HIV
30. November

How do people living with HIV experience getting older? Many carry dramatic disease stories that may be become heavier as one gets older. This report, written by Arne Grønningsæter and Inger Lise Skog Hansen, shows that the keywords dignity, risk and vulnerability represent important aspects of the findings.

The committee on subsistence for adults that carry out their basic education presented their work for the Ministry today. Their report show that four out of 10 adults without upper secondary education are without a job. The share living on diasbility insurance is growing.

Fafo will conduct a survey among the members of the Norwegian Union of Social Educators and Social Workers to reveal the share that are affected by violence and threats. As part of the project, is also what can be done to prevent dangerous situations for these workers.

The Nordic countries need major changes to cope with the increasing polaization in the labour markets, according to Fafo's Johan Røed Steen. He has been interviewd in the magazine Norden. Røed Steen is one of the authors of a new report with the title 'The Nordic future of work: Drivers, institutions, and politics'.

The Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Anniken Hauglie, will attend this Fafo-conference and comment on a new report from the Nordic project "Future of work". The President of LO, Hans-Christian Gabrielsen, will participate in the discussions. 

How will work and working life in the Nordic countries change in the future? This report, written by Fafo's Jon Erik Dølvik and Johan Røed Steen, describes the main drivers and trends expected to shape the future of work. It also reviews recent developments in Nordic working lives, pointing towards the kind of challenges the future of work may pose to the Nordic models.

Bård Jordfald and Elin Svarstad have examined wage increase and distribution in the Norwegian labour market in the period 2008-2014.

Mona Bråten from Fafo will conduct a survey aboout sexual harassment among the members in The Norwegian Veterinary Association. In connection with the #metoo-campaign, there were several declerations from women in different academic professions.

Jon Horgen Friberg from Fafo has written an article in "Migration Studies" on begging and informal street work as a livelihood strategy in many Romanian Roma communities, Scandinavia has emerged as an important new destination.This article presents a framework for studying migration for begging that goes beyond widespread narratives rooted in either culture or poverty.

The YOUTHShare project aims at reducing youth unemployment in coastal and island regions of Mediterranean EEA by advancing young NEETs skills. The project is lead by the University of the Aegean in Greece and is a collaboration between several Mediterranean countires. Fafo, with Anne Hege Strand (pictured), and Ragnhild Steen Jensen, is an expert partner in the project.

Nerina Weiss has written the article "The Many Layers of Moral Outrage: Kurdish Activists and Diaspora Politics" in this edition of Conflict and Society. In addition, she is a co-author of the introduction  Tone Sommerfelt has written about the fear of jihadism and the terrorist threat in Southern Mali. 

The aim of this study is to provide information in order to better tailor prevention and exit strategies for children at risk of living or already living in the streets, commissioned by UNICEF. The report is written by Tone Sommerfelt and Anne Hatløy at Fafo.

In the wake of the #metoo campaign in 2017, Fafo has undertaken a survey to identify the prevalence and experience of sexual harassment in job settings among those working in the areas of film, TV, theatre, music and gaming. The results show that this is a major problem.

Jon Rogstad has together with Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund and Kristian Heggebø won second place in The ESR Prize for the Best Article of the Year in  European Sociological Review.
Read their article online: Additive or multiplicative disadvantage? The scarring effects of unemployment for ethnic minorities.

Active ageing is about recognising and valuing senior resources in working life. A step towards this goal is to promote an awareness of the potentials and resources of older employees, and thus prevent forced early exclusion from working life. Anne Inga Hilsen, Fafo, has made this report about senior competence in the Norwegian Labour Inspectorate.

In this report, we analyse the status and development of different types of employment relationships in the Norwegian labour market from 2014 to 2018. The definition of contracts or employment relationships in this context covers permanent vs. temporary employment, employees and vs. the self-employed, as well as freelancers and temporary agency workers.

Elins Svartstad and Sissel C.Trygstad have investigated the intentions behind the decision to subject the cleaning of premises belonging to the Norwegian Defence Estates Agency (NDEA) to competitive tendering. The report is also concerned with how the interests of the cleaners were  looked after by their employer until the contract was transferred, and what the new job situation looks like. 

The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs Social Affairs and Social Affairs has entered into a long-term research contract with a consortium consisting of ISF, Frisch, SSB and Fafo. Ongoing research assignments will be carried out over a four-year period.

Membership benefits are well known as a tool for trade unions to recruit members.The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) has established local committees in every region in order to inform trade union representatives at the local level. This report focuses on the committees. What are their main task and their activity level?

Fafo will during this year work out a report with recommandation to the Government concerning food safety and nutrition in the developing aid. The project is commissioned by Norwegian Forum for Development and Environment.

A glance at the top positions in the Swedish, Danish and Norwegian trade unions reveals an almost all-white picture. There is considerable imbalance between the number of ethnic minority trade union members and the number of ethnic minority representatives, according to an article written by Inger Marie Hagen and Ragnhild Steen Jensen in Transfer:European Review of Labour Research.

Fafo and Economics Norway  will start a project on innovation and growth for the digital platforms in the Nordic countries. It is commissioned by Nordic Innovation and the federations of professionals in the Nordic countries.

According to Anne Skevik Grødem from ISF and Jon M. Hippe from Fafo there were two main actors in the political game about a new pension system: The Ministry of Finance and the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO). The report about this story is under publishing.

The main questions in this report, written by Mona Bråten and Beate Sletvold Øistad, address how workplace sexual harassment is understood, dealt with and prevented.The data show that sexual harassment in general is a challenging area for the working environment field.

This Fafo-report presents the results from a qualitative user survey among participants in the introductory programme for refugees in Norway. Some participants feel that the full-day programme they areprovided with through the introductory programme is less than meaningful and brings little in terms of qualification.


This report provides an overview of the arrangements for continuing education and training that exist in working life in the public sector and investigates how collective agreements can contribute to skills development. It is written by Åsmund Arup Seip and commissioned by Skills Norway.

This article in "Social Inclusion" is written by Inger Lise Skog Hansen, and discusses users’ experiences from receiving social support as part of the Housing First programme. In particular, the article discusses the users’ experiences with the model’s emphasis on users’ choice and self-determination.

This report examines the experiences of kindergarten teachers and heads who have participated in continuing education and management training in 2017/2018. The findings showed that the participants – teachers and heads – considered the courses to be good, relevant and interesting, regardless of the field of study or learning institution.

In this research project, Fafo will contribute to the increased knowledge about the prevalence of and efforts against human trafficking for labour exploitation. This knowledge will enable municipalities to develop and implement more effective instruments within municipal service areas, in order to prevent human trafficking and to provide assistance and protection to possible victims.

The project will provide a description of the historical background of the bargaining system where the teachers were having the state as a counterparty in wage negotiations, and explain why the employer’s representation was transferred from the state to the municipalities in 2004. The study will also look into the conditions for wage negotiations in the municipalities after 2004.

New technology in retail will affect the employees' tasks and need for training. Fafo will, in collaboration with Economics Norway, find out what kind of competence that are needed. The project is commisioned by the Norwegian Welfare Administration.

The aim of the 0-24 collaboration is to provide more coherent services and to strengthen the cross sectoral collaboration in the follow up of vulnerable children, young people and their families. Fafo is going to provide a platform of knowledge for the work in order to inform and to support the municipalities' work in this field.

Kristine Nergaard has updated the numbers on trade union density, the share of employers joining an organisations, collective agreement coverage and working days lost in strikes in Norwegian working life.

Norway has a stricter regulation of temporary employment than Sweden. In an article in the Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies three Fafo researchers and Anna Peixoto (University of Gothenburg) look at how these differing regulations influence employers' use of temporary employment in and between five different business sectors.

Forty-five contributions from renowned international specialists provide readers of “Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State” with expert analysis of the core issues related to the welfare state. Together with professor Grete Brochmann Fafo researcher Jon Erik Dølvik has written the chapter about Europe’s welfare models’ challenges stemming from global migration.

The 3rd interim report of the investigation project Wage equality provides a comparison of wage models in the three countries, Sweden, Norway and Denmark. The report (in Swedish) is authored by the Fafo researchers Kristin Alsos and Kristine Nergaard.

The project "Tjenesten og MEg" intends to find common characteristics within the group suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (ME) as well as to map how they experience and evaluate public services. The research will also use a survey to try to get a better grasp of how widespread the illness is besides people that have been officially diagnosed. In this video two Fafo and Sintef researchers detail the project.

Fafo will evaluate two of Blue Cross Norway's programs targeting people with alcohol and drug issues. Both programs aim to increase quality of live and social inclusion. The project will be based on normative process research, with 2020 as an end date. A partial report will be published in December this year.

Fafo has been part of a project to map the views on public welfare amongst China’s population, and to measure how these views have been changing from 2004 to 2014. The findings were discussed during a conference the 14th of September which lead to the following article on (in Norwegian).

At this seminar in Norwegian, Fafo researchers will present findings from the report "Cleaning industry from below". Do the general application of agreements and the approval scheme in the cleaning industry have an impact on pay and working conditions? The Norwegian Union of General Workers provides a report from the unregulated section of the industry. Representatives from the tripartite industry program in cleaning and the local social partners will also participate.

The support for a universal welfare state, especially when it comes to education and health care, has been rapidly growing amongst the Chinese people according to a research program spanning over 10 years. The findings from the project were presented and discussed (in English) on a Fafo-led conference on Friday the 14th of September. Recorded webcast on Fafo-tv

A national project aims to secure more including environments for children and youths by offering professionals within schools, kindergartens and municipalities a way to extend their knowledge and competence when it comes to fighting harassment, bullying and similar unwanted social elements. Fafo has been given the task to evaluate the project’s achievements so far.

The research project "Searching the Unknown: Discourses and Effects of Radiationization in Scandinavia (Radiskan)" has conducted ethnographic fieldwork both among practitioners working with prevention and in different target groups. At the  FFI Forum September 18, Fafo-researcher Nerina Weiss and others will be presenting results from the research and invite debate. (In Norwegian)

For most sectors Arbeidstilsynet is Norway's sole labour inspection authority, though a few exceptions exist where this responsibility is placed on sectoral agencies. Fafo is commissioned to investigate how the supervision work within three of these, namely aviation, shipping and railway, is being administrated, both practically and qualitatively.

In this article Anne Hatløy evaluates in which degree the aim to immunize every child in the Democratic Republic of Congo has been successful. Geographically the variations are significant, spanning from 5.8 to 70 percent coverage in different regions. Education and economy are central factors. On this basis Hatløy recommends the vaccination project to specifically reach out to poor women with no or limited education.

16 percent of employed members of the doctors association Legeforeningen have experienced sexual harassment in or in relation to their work. Amongst female doctors the share is 22 percent and for male doctors 8 percent, according to an article written by Mona Bråten.

Costs and expenses might hinder some children’s and youths’ participation in organized leisure activities. As a support for organizations and municipalities’ efforts to be more including towards these groups the organization NDFU has created the practical information and action planning tool ALLEMED. Fafo has been commissioned by NDFU to evaluate the tool’s usages and to suggest how one can further strengthen its effectiveness.

The Norwegian codes for how the owners, board and administrative leadership of a company should understand their specific roles and responsibilities were established in 2003. A considerable number of Norwegian and Swedish companies do not abide by these guidelines. Many boards are passive and the contact between owners and administrative staff is largely in the form of direct dialogue. The article is written by Inger Marie Hagen and Elin Svarstad and published in the journal Magma.

Through this project we will describe and quantify the various labor organizations within the field of arts and culture. Central questions will be: Which hiring/contract arrangements are common and is the balance between these various arrangements changing? Which factors are important for the members’ rights and safety in the labor market? Which services do the organizations offer their members and is it possible to extend the cooperation between organizations?

This time of year many children and youths are returning to school. How will they manage and perform? On the NRK radio program «Ekko» Fafo researcher Jon Rogstad will speak about our knowledge concerning stayers and dropouts. The book «De fafalne», which he edited, serves as a base for the discussion.

There is a broad consensus among researchers and practitioners that assisted return is the preferred return option. Assisted return is considered to be more humane, less controversial and more cost-effective when compared to forcible return. In this report Silje Sønsterudbråten reviews existing research on the field.

In a Special issue of European Journal of Industrial Relations Fafo researchers have contributed to six articles on changes in wage regulation in Northern-Europe since 2000, focusing on cross-sector coordination, articulation between levels, and wage floor regulation. Jon Erik Dølvik and Paul Marginson (prof II at Fafo) are co-editors of the publication which forms part of the European Strains-project headed by ESOP (University of Oslo), funded by the Research Council of Norway.

The last few years the administration of temporary employment, either through temp agencies or hired directly, has been under discussion. Fafo has been commissioned by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs to examine whether there is need to clarify today's legal framework on this area. The report will also discuss whether current mechanisms for upholding the law are sufficient.

Fafo will be examining how employees of child welfare provideres within the private sector can be secured the same wage, work and pension conditions as their colleagues in public sector. The report will also outline possible consequences of various measures. Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse and advokatfirmaet Bull og co are project partners. The Norwegian Ministry of Children and Equality has commisioned the project.

The Norwegian government is preparing a report on social inequality. 21st of August an official conference aimed to present important knowledge and harvest feedback before the report will be finalized. Fafo director Tone Fløtten held a presentation about low income families and how such situations influence children.

In 2011 parts of the Norwegian cleaning agreement became universal, and the following year an approval scheme was introduced. The measures were meant to clean up in an industry with several noisy actors. But how have the measures affected the wage and working conditions? The picture given in this report is not unambiguous; time pressure remains a challenge, while the wage development gives reason for optimism.

Fafo visited Arendal during the week-long program of debates and events of Arendalsuka. A photo album on Facebook offers a few glimpses from our 27 seminars on board the ship M/S Sandnes.

Silje Sønsterudbråten and Mathilde Bjørnset have evaluated a pilot parental guidance programme aimed at parents who had concerns about their adolescent children. The evaluation underpins the need to develop parental support of adolescents, and the experience from this pilot shows that ICDP may be a fruitful point of departure for such an initiative.

Torgeir Nyen and Anna Hagen Tønder have written about practical training periods in school based vocational education in Norway following the introduction of the Knowledge Promotion Reform in 2006. Their contribution is part of the anthology Integration of Vocational Education and Training Experiences, published by Springer.

In this paper Jon Erik Dølvik (picture) and Paul Marginson look at multiple drivers of change in collective bargaining and wage floor regulation in Germany, four Nordic countries and the UK. Addressing the impact of increased competition among northern countries and mobility of production factors between eastern and northern European countries,the emphasis is on changes in wage coordination, articulation between bargaining levels, and ways of regulating wage floors.

Nerina Weiss has written two chapters in the anthology The Kurds. An Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society (ed. S. Maisel), published by ABC-CLIO.  Nerina’s contributions are «Social Organization and Family Life», and «Gender Roles».

Åsmund Arup Seip will on behalf of Skills Norway map schemes and regulations that encourage post-qualifying and continuing education and training programs, by examining a selection of collective agreements.

This report examines the use of flexible working hour schemes in Norwegian working life. The study is limited to flexitime, whereby the employer within certain limits can decide on the core working hours, and the opportunity to work from home or from another self-chosen location (home office). The project was commissioned by The Minstry of Labour and Social Affairs.

This paper maps the needs of union representatives and members of NSF and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of today's services from the organisation.

In this project Niri Talberg will examine courses supported by The Norwegian Association for Adult Learning. What are the benefits for the participants?

Tove Midtsundstad has written a chapter in the book  "Employment Biographies and Social Protection in Europe", Springer-Verlag. Her question is what may have caused the special mix of low unemployment rates and high disability rates among older workers in Norway. 

This is the first interim report from the Nordic collaboration on improved services to vulnerable children and young people between 0 and 24 years, with cases from all the countries. The aim is to improve services by means of improving cross-sectoral collaboration. From Fafo the authors are Inger Lise Skog Hansen Ragnhild Steen Jensen og Anne Hege Strand. This first report provides an overview of the design of the evaluation and a structural description of the national cases.

Anna Hagen Tønder from Fafo is co-author on two chapters in a new book from Routledge. The title is  "Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries. Learning from Diversity". Vocational education in Europe has resisted standardisation to a higher degree than other fields of education, and during the last decade, there has been a growth in international, comparative VET research.

Norway reformed its pension system in 2011. In this article, 'Networking, lobbying and bargaining for pensions: trade union power in the Norwegian pension reform', Jon M. Hippe from Fafo and Anne Skevik Grødem look at LO (the Trade Union Confederation) involvement in the process at different stages. It is published in Journal of Public Policy.

In this article, Kristin Alsos, Kristin Jesnes and Beate Sletvold Øistad, explore the sharing economy in Norway in a labour perspective. They find that work intermediated through platforms still is a marginal phenomenon in the Norwegian labour market. While several studies suggest that the platform economy will grow, we argue that traditional companies will adopt platform-based solutions, both the digital solutions and the employment relations.

In this report, Mona Bråten and Bård Jordfald, elucidate the role of assistants in kindergartens. The question posed concern how the kindergarten sector and the role of assistants have evolved from 2003 and up to the present day.We discuss how managers, colleagues and the assistants themselves view the position of assistant in light of political guidelines on quality and competence in kindergartens in the future.

As part of the Governement's strategy for more employments, Fafo's Jon Rogstad will speak at a conference that is marking the start for the new common effort to create a more including work life. He will talk about recent research on how employers judge jobseekers during the job-interviews.

During the last decades, it have been raised questions about the role of private actors in the public welfare services. This project, that is done in cooperation between Fafo and Economics Norway, will map potential differences between services from public and private providers. Another point in the discussion has been the authorities' ability to control private actors.

Johan Røed Steen has written an article in the magazine Forskningspolitikk. He calls for more attention on how vocationally trained workers contribute to continuous improvement of products and processes.

The 9th Nordic Work Life Conference, Creating a sustainable future of work in the Nordic countries, addresses the future of work by focusing on social, institutional and technological change causing a shift in the type of work and the way work is organized in the Nordic countries. It is hosted by Fafo and AFI, Oslo and Akershus University College of applied sciences. 

More than half of the electricity enterprises have been directly involved in public tenders in the last two years. Public projects are primarily staffed by the enterprises’ own employees, but 22 per cent of the union representatives respond that projects must partly be staffed by employees from outside. The report is written by Rolf K. Andersen and Mona Bråten, and it is commissoned by the Electrician and IT workers union.

At this Fafo-breakfast, on the 12th of June, we asked how to link eceonomic growth with decent work and more equality. It was arranged together with United Nation Associations of Norway. The purpose was to elaborate challenges and possibilities that the Sustainable Development Goals can create for workers around the globe.

In this study, Lise Lien and Hanne Bogen, have identified possible explanations for why some nursing homes and cleaning enterprises have lower rates of sickness absence, given that the sickness absence rate in general is high in these industries. The data are based on 14 case studies, and a total of 70 interviews were conducted.

A new study, written by IRIS and Fafo, concludes that it has become more difficult for local partners (employers and employees) to cooperate about HSE-standards in the petroleum industry and at huge construction sites. Rolf Andersen (pictured) and Mona Bråten are the researchers from Fafo.

The gap between the highest and lowest incomes have increased during the last decades. Elin Svarstad and Johannes Oldervoll, Fafo, have written about different measures in the Nordic countries to combat low-wage competition. They alos give an overview of minimum wage regulations in some other European countries.

Since 2004, the Norwegian Pension system has been under reform. In this report, Jon M. Hippe, Henrik Hammer og Hans Gunnar Vøien, evaluates the effects for workers in private sector. They have also calculated pension levels for the younger generations.

Maritime industries face great changes in the wake of increased digitalization. The question making out the vantage point of this project, is how this development will affect future skills needs, and how the industries should and could deal with the digital turn in a pro active way. Kaja Reegård (pictured) will be project-leader.

Nerina Weiss
4. June

Nerian Weiss, has together with Nazand Begikhani and Wendelmoet Hamelink editet a special issue of Kurdish Studies, called "Women and war". They have  also written the introductory article. The authors investigate Kurdish women’s victimisation and marginalisation, but also their resistance and agency as female combatants and women activists.

One of the benefits of centralization is coordination that contributes to smaller wage differentials. The paper studies the effect of coordination on the wage structure when negotiations occur at business level. The results support the conclusion that coordination in wage formation contributes to compress wages, even when negotiations happen at a local level.

Fafo will be part of a new project that includes a survey among skilled workers in construction techniques, health-service and childhood and youth development. One of the questions is whether the employees consider their competence to be relevant for their work. Kaja Regård (pictured), Mathilde Bjørnset and Torgeir Nyen are in the project-team.

A Nordic conference was held in Stockholm on the theme “Shaping the Future of Work in the Nordic Countries – the impact of technological development on work and skills” in May. The conference was organized as part of Sweden’s Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018. Fafo is heading a Nordic research-project on the future of work.

12th May 2008 a magnitude earthquake struck Sichuan province in southwestern China. Based on four rounds of large-scale surveys of living conditions and reconstruction efforts in the earthquake affected areas – Fafo, together with our colleagues at Chinese Academy for Science and Technology for Development (CASTED), have made this report.

Centre for Senior Policy have launched a campaign called #the15best. The focus in on older workers and late career decisions, and how “the 15 next years can be the 15 best of their careers”. Anne Inga Hilsen at Fafo will interview older workers that have changed job one or several times after they turned 50.

Kaja Reegård and Jon Rogstad have gathered knowledge about what measures are needed to get students in the risk zone to complete upper secondary education. This paper reports from a pilot project initiated by the Crown Prince and Princess' fund.

This article is written by Jon Horgen Friberg from Fafo (pictured) and Arnfinn Midtbøen. It explores how immigrant niches have emerged within two traditional working-class industries in Norway. It is published in International Migration Review, 1-24. The researchers analyze how employers perceive the availability and desirability of native-born and immigrant workers.

The project will provide a history of 100 years of LO's legal department, 1922-2022. The book will show the development of the office's work; the lawyer's cooperation with the authorities and participation in international cooperation; work with the working environment legislation; and the development of labour law practice.

The progress to achieve the fourth Millennium Development Goal in reducing mortality rate in children younger than 5 years since 1990 has been remarkable. However, work remains. Estimates of under-5 mortality rates at the national level can hide disparities within countries. Jon Pedersen is one of the authors of this article in The Lancet Global Health.

Sissel C. Trygstad (pictured), Anne Mette Ødegård and Elin Svarstad has written about the significance of whistblowing procedures at the workplace. To better secure the employees, the law changed in 2017, making it obligatory for all companies with more than five employees to work out such procedures.

This evaluation report is written by Svein Erik Stave and Kristin Dalen, Fafo, together with Marte Nilsen at Prio. It is commissioned by Norad (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation).

Jon Rogstad has, together with Mette Andersson, written a chapter in the anthololgy Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada.  A fundamental distinction is engagement based on groups and classes with common interests vs. engagement that draws upon shared grievances related to feelings of exclusion or misrecognition and/or on identification with specific groups and identity categories.

Wage formation in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden has several similarities, but does also in some aspects differ. In this project Fafo will look into the different national models. It will be conducted by Kristin Alsos and Kristine Nergaard on behalf of five national unions in Sweden.

The Norwegian UN-delegation in Rome has a review on the report Rethinking emergency school feeding: A child-centred approach, written by Anne Hatløy and Tone Sommerfelt. Fafo has worked with the World Food Programme (WFP) since 2016 to develop knowledge about school feedings in emergency settings.

This report investigates the role and contribution of vocational training and skilled workers in innovation processes, including how vocationally trained workers contribute to continuous improvement of products and processes. It is written by Johan Røed Steen and Johannes Oldervoll (Fafo), and Mikkel Myhre Walbækken and Rolf Røtnes from Economics Norway.

Tove Midtsundstad and Åsmund Hermansen have analyzed the effect of the retaining bonus on early retirement behavior. This is one of the most common retention measures offered by Norwegian companies to prevent their older workers from early retirenment. The article is published in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(1).

Fafo is assigned the task by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, of being the Norwegian national correspondent to Eurofoundation on topics related to industrial relations and restructuring. The task will be conducted in cooporation with STAMI (The National Institute of Occupational Health) who will have the responsibility for reporting on working environment issues.

This report, written by Mona Bråten, elucidates questions concerning health, environment and safety (HES) related to working alone. A relatively large percentage of informants report that they experience stress when working alone. The proportion who attribute health problems wholly or partly
to lone working constitutes around 20 per cent in several of the trade unions.

This  report  discusses  the  key  regulations  for  posted  workers  in  five  host  countries  in  Western Europe and six sending countries in Eastern Europe. The host countries are Austria, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Germany. The sending countries are Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia,  Lithuania,  Poland  and  Romania.

The escalation plan for the field of drugs and addiction was adopted by the Parliament in April 2016.This is the first status report and baseline analysis for the evaluation. Fafo, in collaboration with Economics Norway and Ipsos, has been commissioned to undertake an evaluation of this plan.

Jørgen Svalund and Johannes Oldervoll describe temporary lay-off schemes in different European countries, including Norway.These schemes permit employers to free themselves temporarily from the obligation to pay full wages without having to terminate the employment relationship. This makes it possible for companies to quickly cut wage costs during economic turndowns.

Mona Christophersen and Svein Erik Stave have wittten two of the recent published policy reports from the International Peace Institute (IPI). The project seeks to understand how the 2030 Agenda is being rooted at the national and local levels and to support the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The two reports are about Lebanon and Myanmar.

This is the fifth membership survey that Fafo has undertaken for the Union of
Education Norway. At three-or four-year intervals, the members of the union have been asked about their job situation and the challenges it involves, whether they have accessto a union representative or not and their interaction with this representative.

This report, written by Therese Saltkjel and Johan Røed Steen (pictured) provides an overview of the various types of employment schemes and examines the effects of such schemes. Union representatives express genuine concern for displacement of regular employees and the risk that permanent stadd is kept at an artificially low level.

About the industry and an analysis of its economic importance. Analysis of the fur industry and its importance as a value creator, exporter and employer.

The project will evaluate new and reinforced youth effort, which was introduced in NAV in 2017. The aim is to explore how the NAV offices implement the new effort and to what extent reinforced youth effort results in higher employment and activity rates among persons under 30 of age. Anne Hege Strand (pictured) will do the work together with Roy A. Nilsen, Jon Helgheim Holte and Arne Backer Grønningsæter.

Master Niri Talberg at the Department of Education defends his doctoral dissertation for the degree of PhD: Young Poker players. Learning processes between education and stigmation.

Kaja Reegård has been granted a Young Research Talent project from the Research Council of Norway. The project, The comeback kids addresses young people who return to upper secondary education after temporary withdrawal. Lars Kirkebøen and Marte Rønning at Statistics Norway will conduct analysis of administrative registry data, while Kaja, Jon Rogstad and Marianne Takvam Kindt will interview dropouts who have returned.

Jon M. Hippe is co-author on two new articles about trade unions and occupational pensions. These are published in Transfer. Beyond coverage: the politics of occupational pensions and the role of trade unions is the Introduction to the special issue. The other one is about trade unions and the politics of occupational pensions in Denmark and Norway.

Anne Hatløy and Tone Sommerfelt has written this report which is the outcome of a study commissioned by the World Food Programme as part of its global work on school feeding. It explores the particular challenges posed by humanitarian emergencies, and the ways in which school feeding can play a role in emergency contexts.

Jon Rogstad og Erika Braanen Sterri have written this article in "Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning 1/2018". The theme is the job interview and the sources of information employers use in order to select new hires. A key finding is that the ability to signal social skills is crucial for getting a job. This kind of informal skills often trumps formal skills in the final selection of candidates.

How sustainable is your mobile phone? In partnership with the Institute for Informatics, University of Oslo, Mark Taylor has published an analysis of social and environmental “hotspots” in the production of mobile phones. The report is a first step in an analysis of regulating global value chains in the electronics sector. The research is part of the Sustainable Actors for Responsible Trade (SMART) project, an EU Horizon 2020 project in which Fafo is a partner.

This report, written by Fafo-researchers Kristin Jesnes and Jon Erik Dølvikm presents an updated knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews actors approach the sharing economy and its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition.

Åse Berit Grødeland
9. February

Nash chelovek (Our man) is one of the most common concepts reflecting informality in Russia. Åse Berit Grødeland (Fafo) and Leslie T. Holmes (University of Melbourne) has written a chapter about this concept in the book Global Encyclopaedia of Informality, edited by Alene Ledeneva. The book is published by UCL Press.

The purpose of the project is two-fold: 1. To map and describe cooperation between Nav and IA companies aimed at including people with disabilities. 2. Describe good collaboration models that can be spread as a wizard for employees in Nav, employers and other collaborators.

The purpose of the project is to provide knowledge about the prevention and management of sexual harassment and harassment based on gender in the hotel and restaurant industry in Scandinavia.

Terrorist attacks are known to influence public opinion, but do they also change behaviour? A new British Journal of Sociology study that addressed this question found that Pakistanis in Norway still experience the same level of discrimination, despite claims that Norwegians have become more positive about migrants after the far-right, anti-migrant terrorist attacks of 2011.

Tove Midtsundstad (pictured) and Anne Inga Hilsen, Fafo, have contributed to a Nordic report with the title "Working environment and work retention". They discuss several working environment predictors of early labour market exit.In all Nordic countries, there is a strong social class gradient in early exit to retirement, and social class, health and working environment are closely linked.

Fafo (Kaja Reegård and Jon Rogstad) is involved in a project on the development, assessment and validation of transversal key competences in the Vocational Education and Training system, e.g., social and civic competences, and sense of initiative and entrepreneurship. The project includes partners in seven European countries, and is led by Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.

This article by Tove Mogstad Aspøy and Torgeir Nyen in JRVET, no 4(4) 2017,  is a discussion of offering alternative school-based routes to vocational qualifications for students not able to secure an apprenticeship. Under certain circumstances, such schemes can improve the chances of completing VET. However, there is a risk that full-scale implementation of a system of alternative workplace-based training could reduce the number of new apprenticeships, potentially undermining the apprenticeship model on which Norwegian VET is based.

News out of Myanmar in recent months has been dominated by the abuses being carried out against the country’s Rohingya minority population. These events often overshadow that Myanmar has also started on a democratic path towards peace and development after decades of military rule and armed ethnic conflicts, according to Mona Christophersen.

Mark Taylor defended the thesis War Economies and International Law: Regulating the Economic Activity of Armed Conflicts for the degree of Dr. Philos, at The Faculty of Law, Unversity of Oslo. He asks: Does international law regulate the economic activities that sustain war?

Girls still face many challenges, but their situation is also rapidly changing. An obstacle unique to girls is the notion that girls should do other things rather than go to school. Barriers are also related to vulnerabilities, like disabilities; unstable or poor urban living conditions, including homelessness; being on the move; and being affected by conflict or violence. The report is written by Anne Kielland, Anne Hatløy, Tone Sommerfelt, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Kathleen M. Jennings.

One of the pillars in the Norwegian working life model is collaboration between employers and employees at company level. The Company Acts state that employees have the right to demand and elect members to the Board of Directors. The findings in this article, written by Inger Marie Hagen, indicate that the number of companies with board-level employee representatives is declining.

Anna Hagen Tønder og Tove Mogstad Aspøy (pictured) has written an article in International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, 4(3).  The average age upon completion of a vocational programme in Norway is 28 years, which is among the highest in the OECD. The purpose of this study was to explore personal trajectories within the Norwegian context. They argue that policy makers need to see educational achievement in a long-term perspective.

Jørgen Svalund (pictured) and Tomas Berglund (Göteborgs Universitet) has written an article in European Journal of Industrial Relations. The title is "Fixed-term employment in Norway and Sweden: A pathway to labour market marginalization?"

Jon Rogstad has written an article on inclusion  "Et knippe refleksjoner om inkludering og voksnes læring", published in Dialog 2017. Integration och inklusion. The article discusses the use and understanding of the terms inclusion and integration, and relates them to the different perceptions in academia and society. The article also questions whether inclusion is something that can and should be learned.

Nutrition has emerged as an important factor on the global development agenda during recent years. Five years ago, a Fafo report commissioned by Save the Children Norway concluded that nutrition was not a priority in Norwegian development policies. Results from a follow-up study indicate that this is still the case.

This seminar launches a new report which investigates social partner strategies related to digitalisation, in the Nordic countries and Germany. The report is commissioned by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and authored by Professor Wolfgang Schroeder of Kassel University, Germany, who will present his findings the 21st of November.

Mona Bråten from Fafo (pictured) and Tommy Tranvik (University of Oslo) has written an article in Management Revue - Sosio-Economic Studies, 28 (3). This is a spessial issue, titled "Digital Working Life". Field technology is electronic systems or equipment designed to capture and communicate data on workers in the field so that employers can manage, document or inspect the behavior and job performance of the mobile workforce.

Kristin Alsos
25. October

In this project organised by Fafo – in collaboration with researchers from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden – we will examine the main drivers and specific areas of change envisaged to re-shape working life in the coming 15-20 years. Researchers from Fafo are Kristin Alsos, Jon Erik Dølvik (pictured), Kristin Jesnes, Johan Røed Steen and Kristine Nergaard.

This publication provides an overview of the Lithuanian perspectives on three central policy fields with regards to migration – asylum policies, integration efforts and irregular migration. Even at the peak of asylum arrivals to Europe very few people sought asylum in the country. Anette Brunovskis (pictured) and Silje Sønsterudbråten has written the report.

The project will look at both the experiences made and trends that can be detected so far, with the pension reform in Norway. Fafo and Frisch center will study variation between groups by education, industry and other characteristics. The results from the register based analyses and the survey will be seen in combination, to obtain a deeper understanding of the respones observed and the impact of the reform. Finally, the results will be summed to assess whether can be seen to be in compliance with the stated goals of the reform.

In a piece for E-IR, Senior Researcher Kathleen Jennings examines whether the United Nations can prevent crimes committed by peacekeepers. She finds that, while UN peacekeepers are seldom held criminally accountable for crimes they commit, the UN nevertheless has untapped potential to prevent serious offenses by peacekeepers.

Together with Work Research Institute, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Fafo is hosting NWLC 2018 next summer. The overarching theme of the conference is how to create a sustainable future of work in the Nordic countries in a time of rapid restructuring and rising levels of inequality and exclusion in working life. Are the Nordic models equipped to handle technological and organisational change and secure jobs for all?

In 2014, a new regime aimed at immigrant education training was introduced. Through this regime, municipalities and county municipalities can apply IMDi for financial support in order to offer help to immigrants who wish to establish their own business. When evaluating the grant scheme, we focus on how the scheme has worked up to now, and its contribution to the bigger picture. What is the pre-conditions that must be present in order to succeed in strengthening immigrant prerequisites for establishing their own business?

Tewodros Aragie Kebede (pictured) and Kristian Takvam Kindt has contributed with a chapter in a book about the politics of written languages in the Arab world. Focusing on Egypt and Morocco, the authors combine large-scale survey data on language attitudes with in-depth analyses of actual language usage and explicit (and implicit) language ideology.

In 2017, Fafo is going to implement a nationwide sample survey of Syrian nationals residing in Jordan both inside and outside of refugee camps. The project concentrates on living conditions and employment and covers both refugees from the Syrian civil war and Syrian non-refugees. Our main partner is Jordan's Department of Statistics. The project is funded by the European Regional Development and Protection Program and headed by Åge Tiltnes.

Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the topic for the first article, published in BMC Public Health 1. august 2017. The second article is written together with researchers at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, and has the title:  "Dietary diversity is related to socioeconomic status among adult Saharawi refugees living in Algeria". It is published in BMC Public Health 3. juli 2017.

The treshold for securing a job in a shop is low compared to many other occupations and industries, and many young people start their careers in retail. The retail trade is alos widely used by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) in connection with work training/experience scheme. This report is written by Fafo-researchers Ragnhild Steen Jensen (pictured) and Kristine Nergaard.

In recent years the Storting has adopted a number of changes to the Working Environment Act.  Despite the fact that part of the purpose of the change was to lower the threshold for entering the labour market, the human resource directors do no consider the provision suitable for recruiting persons whose capacity for work is uncertain. The report is written by Kristin Alsos (pictured), Johannes Oldervoll and Beate Sletvold Øistad.

I Norway, the critics of TiSA (Trade in Services Agreement) have argued that the agreement will increase competition and restrict our opportunities to regulate services. The conclusion in this report, written by Kristin Jesnes and Åsmund Arup Seip, is that TiSA will most likely not restrict the Norwegian authorities' room of manouvre beyond the commitments that have already been made.

This report, written by Leif Moland, summarizes existing knowledge about local tripartite collaboration in municipal development projects that Fafo has evaluated
in recent years, Tripartite collaboration provides for a broader spectrum of solutions and reduces the potential for conflicts.

This publication is a follow-up to the book 1973-2013: 40 years of history of the European Trade Union Confederation. It looks more closely at how different trade union models in different European countries, traditions and cultures have come together within this organisation. Jon Erik Dølvik (pictured) from Fafo has written the chapter about the Norwegian trade unions.

Åsmund Arup Seip and Nana Wesley Hansen (University of Copenhagen) have published an article in European Journal of Industrial Relation. How do government employers exercise power in highly voluntarist bargaining models? The authors analyse the potential power of public employers in Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

Fafo take part in the project Changing Role of VET, lead by 3s in Vienna, and financed by CEDEFOP. Fafo will contribute with description and analysis of Norway on external factors influencing VET, higher VET and CVET.

There has been an extensive research on ageing and retirement in Norway over the last 20 to 25 years, with some studies focusing on single aspects and others on a range of factors that can potentially predict early retirement and/or extended work careers. Health, work ability and work environment seem to be among the most important factors. The report is written by Tove Midtsundstad (pictured) and Anne Inga Hilsen.

Fafo-researchers Jon Pedersen and Åge A. Tiltnes explores the driving forces behind the widespread wish among young people to leave their homes in the Middle East and North Africa. Important explanations are unemployment, job insecurity and a lack of trust in institutions. The entire volume is availiable for download.

The aim of the project is to describe and analyze how the right to negotiate collective agreements and to maintain union representatives is regulated in the finance sector in Norway.

The Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation is taking a proactive role in this work, and to this end wanted to find out more about older employees (often referred to as seniors in Norway) and the policy for active ageing (often referred to as senior policy in Norway) in government agencies. The report is witten by Tove Midtsundstad (pictured), Roy A. Nielsen and Åsmund Hermansen.

Apprenticeships and experience-based trade certification provide adults with a second chance to acquire upper secondary vocational qualifications. Based on regression analyses of register data, we examine the social recruitment base for these routes to formal vocational qualifications. Torgeir Nyen is one of the authors.

As part of the Government’s action plan against anti-Semitism, the Research Council has been given earmarked funding from the Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation for research on prevention of anti-Semitism and group-focused enmity in schools, with emphasis on recruitment. Fafo was chosen as one of four, among 25 applicants.

Changing from a define benefit to a new occupational pension plan based on yearly accrual,  will  fundamentally  change  the  pension  system  in  public  sector. In  this  report Geir Veland analyze gender equality and equality effects that such a change can lead to. This is done by studying the career length of teachers, nurses and other employees in the municipal sectors.

Anette Brunovskis was invited to the UN to talk about the report Vulnerability and exploitation along the Balkan route. It is written together with Rebecca Surtees, and concludes with specific recommendations on how government and civil society stakeholders may begin to work more effectively on this issue to and to better identify and assist trafficked migrants/refugees.

This project will analyze the need to make adjustments to the legislation and regulations for occupational pensions in the private sector. One of the questions is how to shift jobs without loosing pension rights. Jon M. Hippe will take part from Fafo.

Disability affects all groups in society: girls and boys, rich and poor, of all races, religions, and ethnicities. For children belonging to marginalized or under-represented groups, having a disability can make them even more vulnerable. This report, written by Kathleen Jennings, assesses Norway’s progress on the commitments made in the White Paper. It finds that the verdict is decidedly mixed.

Jon Rogstad from Fafo is one of the editors of the anthology Institutional Change in the Public Sphere. Views on the Nordic Model, published by De Gruyter. Sissel C. Trygstad has written a chapter on whistleblowing.

Integration in society, especially for migrants and refugees, is central in social policy, including knowing what will have the best impact. This is the core issue in Chapter 20 in "Handbook of Social Policy Evaluation" (ed. B. Greve), written by Hanne Kavli and Anniken Hagelund.

Why does vocational education in the service sector struggle? Kaja Reegård’s recent article addresses challenges and prospects for establishing vocational education for retail and office work in Norway. The article appears in Journal of Vocational Education and Training.

This article, written by Jørgen Svalund (pictured) and Roy Nielsen, studies outcomes on the labour market for employees with different types of temporary contracts matched with persons holding a permanent contract or being unemployed. The outcomes for temporary employees depend on the type of temporary contract, and differ for women and men.

An article in the Norwegian journal "Søkelys på arbeidsmarkedet" shows that one in every four people covered by AFP nine years before the age of 62 does not qualify for benefits. The private sector AFP (Avtalefestet) pension scheme is based on collective agreements covering around 800,000 workers.

The way immigrants and their children find their place in Norwegian society will decide it's future, writes Fafo-researcher Jon Horgen Friberg in this essay on the Norwegian web-site

Kristine Neergard presents the newest numbers on temporary employment in Norway. One of the questions is whether the share of temporary employed has increased in the aftermath of the new regulations in the Working Environment Act from 2015.

In this report we present the findings from an evaluation of two municipal projects based on the Housing First (HF) model, one in Bergen and another in Sandnes. the Housing First programmes have reached out to a target group that face complex challenges, and many of whom have significant substance abuse and mental health problems. The report is written by Inger Lise Skog Hansen.

Fafo-researcher Guri Tyldum and NRK's Odd Isungset participated in a discussion around a documantary about crime among Rumenians in Bergen and Fafo's research report "When poverty meets Affluence" on April 19th. (in Norwegian)

Fafo will be part of an evaluation of mathematics exams for 10th grade. The quality of the exam, in addition to the notion of being treated fairly, are among to of the most important factors for the pupils.

In recent years, the flow of migrants and refugees through the Balkans has significantly increased. To date, there has been limited empirical evidence of when, why and how vulnerability to human trafficking arises in mass movements of migrants and refugees. Anette Brunovskis, Fafo, (pictured) and Rebecca Surtees (Nexus Institute) concludes with specific recommendations on how government and civil society stakeholders may begin to work more effectively.

In collaboration with a local NGO, Fafo has recently concluded a project examining the learning environment in Jordan’s public schools, which accommodates tens of thousands of Syrian refugee children. Based on school visits, focus group discussions and a household sample survey, as well as studying the legal framework, the project has produced three reports.

This book is edited by Jon Erik Dølvik and Andrew Martin, and provides a unique overview of social model developments in key European countries over the past 25 years.

The world’s most extensive humanitarian crises is currently playing out in northeastern Nigeria and around Lake Chad. About three million people have been displaced, seven million are dependent on food aid, half a million children are malnourished and 14 million children without schooling. Commentary by Victor Adetula, Camilla Houeland and Tone Sommerfelt (pictured) in Africa is a Country.

Regulatory approaches to promoting environmentally and socially sustainable behavior by companies are undergoing a radical reassessment. Traditional public policy approaches to encourage this sustainability – for example, encouraging CSR - have yet to deliver the necessary widespread changes in corporate practice. This paper, written by Mark Taylor from Fafo and Beate Sjåfjell from the University of Oslo, is a part of the EU Horizon 2020 project.

High rates of part-time work have been associated with high female employment rates in the Nordic countries, except for Finland. Part-time work has played a key role in the modification of the male breadwinner gender contract by enabling women to enter paid work while continuing to take on the main domestic responsibilities. Previously tacit and little disputed, this ‘normalization’ of women’s part-time work has increasingly become a contentious issue in the public debate in Norway, both in terms of its persistently high level and of the cultural values surrounding it. In their case study, the authors analyse the articulation of these critiques and the underlying conflict dynamics that put the gender contract under pressure and facilitate its modification. The empirical focus is on events inciting debates and the arguments or ideational frames key political actors have used to support their position. The analysis is based on newspaper articles published during the period 1997–2013.

There is an assumption among international policymakers that peace is a prerequisite for development. What does this mean at the national level? The questions is raised by Jimena Leiva Roesch and Mona Christophersen (pictured) in the articel "Does peace always produce development? Guatemala offers some clues", published in The Global Observatory.

What are the municipalities doing to combat work-related crime – and how can these efforts be strengthened? Our study shows that the municipalities give priority to the procurement phase, seeking to weed out unethical suppliers at an early stage. The report is written by Rolf K. Andersen, Beate Sletvold Øistad, Emil Cappelen Bjøru and Maja Tofteng.

This report, written by Fafo-researchers Kristin Jesnes and Jon Erik Dølvikm presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews actors approach the sharing economy and its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition.

Anne Hatløy (pictured) and Tone Sommerfelt from Fafo will conduct a qualitative study and a desk review of issues related to street connected children in Georgia and Azerbaijan. The project is commissioned by UNICEF Georgia, and will map and document the migratory flows related to the phenomenon of street children, identify the main regions/cities of origin of destination, analyse the recruitment mechanism if any, and propose an estimated number of children living and/or working on the streets.

The Norwegian Programme for Capacity Development in Higher Education and Research for Development (NORHED) was launched by Norad in 2012 and aims at strengthening capacity in higher education and research in low and middle income countries. This report is the second annual results report for the NORHED programme, and is written by Fafo-researcher Tewodros Aragie Kebede.

Fafo's Tone Sommerfelt comments on the presidential crisis in Ghana in several Norwegian media.

Tove Midtsundstad has participated in an expert-group that contributed to a Eurofound-report. This report investigates how partial retirement schemes can contribute to sustainable and adequate pension systems by enabling and motivating people to extend their working lives. It maps schemes at national and sector levels in the EU and Norway.

The objective of this report, written by Rolf K. Andersen and Bård Jordfald, is to map out the labour force in the construction industry in Norway, from to 2008 to 2014. The report investigate employee characteristics (age, gender, education, nationality), labour mobility and future needs for manpower. The report is based on registry data supplied by Statistics Norway (SSB). The proportion of employees under 23 years has declined. Work migration from Central and Eastern Europe secures employment growth in the industry.

The overarching research questions addressed in this thesis by Åsmund Hermansen are: What are the preconditions for retaining older workers and what are the effects of measures offered by employers to alter early retirement? Five papers form the foundation of this PhD thesis.

The construction industry aims to plan, design and build efficiently, without errors and within time and budget. A new report on collaboration within the construction process is released. The results from the research project gives reason for optimism.

Lise Lien has evaluated the trainee scheme for people with disabilities in the municipality of Oslo (2014- 2017). The aim of the evaluation is to achieve more knowledge about the organization of the scheme and to get an insight into the reflections and experiences of trainees, mentors and managers. The results may also be of interest to other municipalities who are considering introducing similar schemes.

What is the situation for senior workers in the transport sector? This it the topic in a new project performed by Hanne Bogen (pictured), Tove Midtsundstad and Åsmund Hermansen. They will map out both how the work day is organized and what kind of challenges senior workers meet. The conditions for prolonging the working career in this occupations and what are the reasons for leaving early? The project is financed by Senter for seniorpolitikk (+ engelsk navn?).

Fafo-researcher Tone Sommerfeldt comments on the developement in Gambia following the presidential election in December. Defeated president Yayha Jammeh stillrefuses to step down. Sommerfelt participates in a seminar on this issue on Friday 6th hosted by the Norwegian Council for Africa

Increasing life expectancy and decreasing fertility have led to a shift in the workforce age structure towards older age groups.  Interventions to facilitate work among employees with health problems or reduced work capacity have reduced disability rates among employees aged 50-61. The article is published online in Occupational Medicine 2016, 66.

In Norway, new dual models of vocational education and training are tested. In these models, the student/apprentice enters apprenticeship earlier than in the present, main 2+2 –model and change more frequently between learning at school and at the workplace. The authors report signs of positive effects on participating students/apprentices’ learning and motivation This report is the second in a series of reports in the evaluation, and is written by researchers from Fafo and NIFU.

The Norwegian counties have implemented various measures to improve school completion. The qualification measures apply to students at risk of dropping out of the Vg2 vocational track or not getting an apprenticeship, and students who do not have the educational qualifications to complete Vg3 supplementary studies qualifying for higher education. The evaluation report is written by Fafo researchers Tove Mogstad Aspøy and Torgeir Nyen.

Åsmund Hermansen has defended his doctoral thesis Retaining Older Workers. The overarching research questions addressed are: What are the preconditions for retaining older workers and what are the effects of measures offered by employers to alter early retirement?

Worker protection regulation for posted workers in the EU is seriously inadequate. The EU has introduced regulatory and technical solutions, including inter-alia the IMI-system for information exchange between labour inspectors and the proposed revision of the Posted Workers Directive. This project consist of a series of workshops to determine the effects of these actions. Anne Mette Ødegård and Kristin Alsos are participants from Norway. The project is headed by University of Jyväskylä.

Strengthening Pensjonistforbundet’s social responsibility: Discussion of strategic opportunities.

There is a need for a higher awareness on disability among Norwegian business actors. The government could lead in this area by adopting explicit principles relevant to the inclusion of people of disabilities as part of their implementation of the Sustainable Developments Goals, and by urging state owned businesses to act, concludes this paper written by Inger Lise Skog Hansen, Mark Taylor and Arne B. Grønningsæter. It is presented on a seminar

How to promote active ageing in the retail sector? This project will describe the status quo as well as explore policies and activities at the company level in selected cases. The objective is to provide research based knowledge for the social partners in their efforts to promote a more inclusive work life. Project leader Anne Inga Hilsen and researcher Åsmund Hermansen at Fafo are responsible for conducting the research.

Norway and Greece were unequally affected by the financial crisis. While Norway was one of the countries that came out of the crisis in a relatively sound condition, Greece was one of the countries hardest hit. In the aftermath of the crisis Greece has introduced several welfare reforms, but the country still aims at improving the effectiveness, efficiency and fairness of its welfare state further. The Greek Ministry of Labour, Social Security & Social Solidarity and the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs asked Fafo to conduct a study where relevant features of the Norwegian social model are highlighted and where features of the Norwegian model that could be an inspiration for Greece are identified. The results of the study is presented in this report.

The National Council for Vocational Education and Trainingi s not working as intended,  by providing advice at an overarching, strategic level. That is one of the conclusions in this working paper, which builds on previous research, document analysis and interviews. The nine Vocational Education Councils that give advice related to each vocational programme in upper  secondary education, are to a greater extent working according to their stated purpose.  Authors are Torgeir Nyen and Anna Hagen Tønder.

That immigrant women have lower employment than Norwegian women without an immigrant background is well documentet. But what characterizes the labor force participation among those who have gotten their foot in? In this article (in Norwegian) Hanne C. Kavli and Heidi Nicoalisen describes mobility in working hours and work affiliation. The article is published in "Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning" 04/2016.

In this project we will study internal and external opportunities for exercising freedom of speech in Norwegian municipalities. In addition, we will elaborate the conditions for whistleblowing. And, when wrongdoing is reported, about what and to whom do the employees blow the whistle? The project is commissioned by KS, the organisation for Norwegian municipalities, and conducted by Anne Mette Ødegård and Johan Røed Steen. Sissel Trygstad (pictured) is head of the project.

The aim of this evaluation is to get more knowledge about the impact of the national grant scheme as part of the overall work against child poverty. The project is commissioned by The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs. It is conducted by Inger Lise Skog Hansen (picture) and Anne Hege Strand, while Tone Fløtten is head of the project.

This seminar is in Norwegian.

The follow-up provided to apprentices in Akershus has been the main topic of this project. The main research questions in the report are:

• How good is the follow-up provided to apprentices in Akershus?

• Are there any significant differences in quality between industries or individual crafts?

• Are there any areas within the concept of ‘good follow-up’ in which the quality is especially high or especially different from the others?

The report is written by Rolf K. Andersen and Silje Andresen.

This project will assist Bodø municipality to develop a full-time culture in the healthcare sector. The project is conducted by Leif Moland in cooperation with Per Schanche at Agenda Kaupang.

This item is only in Norwegian.

Parental guidance has long been and still is contested. This is partly related to where the limits for state interference should be drawn. This report provides updated knowledge on the diverse parental guidance measures offered to Norwegian parents – what exists and does it work. The report highlights the importance of a good relation with the parents and how the measures are implemented. The report is written by Beret Bråten and Silje Sønsterudbråten, and commissioned by Bufdir.

This item is only in Norwegian.

In this follow-up project Anne Hatløy, Tone Sommerfelt and Liv Elin Torheim (HIOA) will look on how Norway can enhance their commitment to global nutrition. To what extent have positive statements by political leadership been followed-up by concrete investments and implementation of interventions? The project is funded by Save the Children, and it ends in January 2017

Migration policy is one of the most important policy area in today’s society, said Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg when opening an international conference at Fafo today. Expers from the Nordic countries discussed different apects of, and the future of the European Migration and Asylum Policies.

What characterizes specialized health care services delivered by non-profit organisations? To what extent do these organisations add value to (the) delivered services compared to public and commercial service providers?  In this report we map out the role played by non-profit organizations within specialized health care and their share of such services. We also investigate the differences between the three types of providers.

Two Housing First projects, one in Bergen and one in Sandnes are to be evaluated: Have these projects contributed to better housing stability and quality of life for participants with drugs- and mental health problems? Do established Housing First services reach out to the target group in a better way than ordinary available services? The evaluation is carried out on assignment from the Health Authorities of the West region. Researchers involved are Inger Lise Skog Hansen and Vidar Bakkeli.

Half of the union representatives have proposed that their companies should take in more apprentices, writes Anna Hagen Tønder. The article is based on new figures from the LO Norway representative panel and is published on

A group of legal experts, with the support of Amnesty International and the International Corporate Accountability Roundtable, have developed a set of “Corporate Crime Principles” to advance the investigation and prosecution of human rights cases. Fafo Research Director Mark Taylor was a member of the experts group. The launch is today in London.

In 2007, out of 288 higher positions in the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) 287 were occupied by ethnic Norwegians, and in 2015 there was still just one trade union representative with a non-European background and two Europeans. Inger Marie Hagen and Ragnhild Steen Jensen have written this article, published in Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies, 03/2016.

This is a mid-term evaluation of the PACER (Popular Control and Effective Welfarism) joint research program, which is a collaboration between the universities of Gadjah Mada, Oslo and Agder. It consists of two parts: “Power, Welfare, and Democracy” and “In-Search of Balance: Government, Private Sectors, and Cooperatives in Indonesia”. Tewodros Aragie Kebede is head of the project at Fafo. It is financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

How will a universally developed parental guidance program based on the International Child Development Program work when it is directed towards selected groups of parents in refugee reception center and parents who fear that their children will be radicalized? The project is conducted by Silje Sønsterudbråten (picture) and Beret Bråten and commissioned by The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs.

Many Norwegian municipalities do a lot to facilitate the workplace for employees on sick leave to encourage them to return to their original work. But they don't always succeed. In this report Lise Lien and Hanne Bogen look upon the possibilities for reducing sick leave through job mobility.

This project is conducted by Inger Lise Skog Hansen (picture), Mark Taylor and Arne Backer Grønningsæter and commissioned by The Atlas Alliance - Global support to disabled people.

The Fafo study «Baseline study of Norwegian development cooperation within environment and natural resource management in Myanmar» received the annual Evaluation price 2016. Kristin Dalen, Svein Erik Stave and Amsale Temesgen have conducted the work, on commission from Norad.

Can employees speak freely in Norwegian workplaces? How many blow the whistle about wrongdoings at the workplace? Fafo presented three new studies at a seminar today.

(The publications are in Norwegian only)

Multiconsult is the case owner, and the particular construction project is a new Main Library in Oslo, Deichmanske hovedbibliotek. The client is the City of Oslo, by Kulturbyggene i Bjørvika (KIB). Sol Skinnarland has written the report.

SAMAK has published "The Nordic Model for Dummies - All You Need to Know in 6 Minutes". It is based on the NordMod2030 research project, undertaken by Fafo and a Nordic research team for SAMAK and Foundation for European Progressive Studies FEPS.
Read about the Fafo-report The Nordic model towards 2030. A new chapter?

On 1 January 2015, new legislation concerning disability benefits was introduced. The primary aim of this “disability reform” was to facilitate increased participation in the labour market among recipients of disability benefits. Magne Bråthen and  Roy A. Nielsen have investigated whether this reform caused a change in the labour market participation among disability pensioners in the first 6 months after introduction.

Fafo will be conducting a formative evaluation of a project directed against a selection of Norwegian municipalities with sick leave rates above 10 per cent. The project is initiated by KS, and is a cooperation with NAV. The aim is to give the municipalities some aid and tools relevant for their work on sick leave. The evaluation will be conducted by Lise Lien, and will be ended in December 2016.

The aim of this project is to propose indicators for measuring discrimination against immigrants and their children, indigenous peoples and national minorities. The project will construct an important indicator tool to identify discrimination, by combining regular statistics and data that describe living conditions, to what extent the different groups experience discriminatory treatment, and attitudes towards them. The project is financed by The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs. Jon Rogstad is Project Manager.

How does the municipal sector attract and recruit young people? And what do students and graduates expect of their future employers? These are questions in this report, written by Vidar Bakkeli, Erika Braanen Sterri and Leif Moland, commissioned by KS. Whether municipalities succeed in attracting young people and graduates is not only about how successful they are in their attempts to convey a message, but also whether the working conditions they actually offer correspond with applicants' needs and expectations.

The Fafo-study «Baseline study of Norwegian development cooperation within environment and natural resource management in Myanmar» is nominated as one of four works to receive the annual Evaluation price. Kristin Dalen, Svein Erik Stave and Amsale Temesgen have conducted the work, on commission from Norad. The winner will be announced at the 29th of September.

The article examines working conditions, careers and aspirations among immigrants working in the hotel industry in the Greater Oslo region.  It shows how migrants from various backgrounds are distributed into different jobs and have different work experiences in the hotel sector. It is published i Nordic Journal of Migration Research, and written by Guri Tyldum (pictured) and Aadne Aasland.

The municipality of Oslo have a trainee scheme for persons with disabilities. This trainee scheme differ somewhat from others, while these persons are appointed to ordinary positions with ordinary terms, based on their expertise. This is a small pilot project, and Fafo is currently working on the main project. Both projects are aimed at getting more knowledge about how the trainee scheme works.

The Norwegian Food and Allied Workers Union want their members to participate in a debate abouot goals and acitivities in the union. Anne Mette Ødegård has written a basis of discussion.

The age limit for employment protection in the Work Environment Act increased from 70 to 72 years in 2015. At the same time, the internal age limit within companies was also set at a minimum of 70 years. This report shows how companies have adapted to the new regulations. Further, the use and effects of specific workplace arrangements for seniors, such as the additional vacation week and the right to reduced working hours, is also discussed. Authors are Jørgen Svalund and Geir Veland.

A large number of adults obtain upper secondary vocational qualifications in Norway. The experience based trade certificate (praksiskandidatordningen) is the most common path to such qualifications. In this study made in collaboration with the Frisch Centre, researchers Bernt Bratsberg, Torgeir Nyen (pictured) and Oddbjørn Raaum show that these certificates tend to reduce educational inequality as the family backgrounds of the adults are very similar to those who don’t obtain any upper secondary qualification at a younger age.

Fafo and SNF will map and analyze actors in the sharing economy, with emphasis on sharing economy actors that involve the use/intermediation of labour. We will measure the extent of labour in the sharing economy in Norway and look closer at what characterizes the working conditions and employment relations.

The municipalities are important actors in integrating immigrants. But one size does not fit all. That is why it is important with tailoring in this kind of work. Hanne C. Kavli writes about this in Kommunal Rapport.

Just one in 10 young adults in Palestine say they can trust their dealings with other people, with the number dropping to one in 20 in the Gaza Strip. These were among the key findings of a recent poll on Palestinians aged 18-29 conducted by Mona Christophersen, who found exceptionally low levels of trust among respondents. The results point to a fragmenting society that is unable to effectively engage its younger members in particular. The commentary is published by The Global Observatory.

The relationship between children and staff is a fundamental part of the quality in a kindergarten. Fafo has, on behalf of the Directorate of Education and Training, examined how a method called external kindergarten assessment works. This assessment is usually done by kindergarten managers from a neighboring municipality. The method gets good reviews, but kindergarten managers would like more help with following up the results . The report is written by Beret Bråten and Henriette Lunde.

In this project we have studied how the labour inspectorates in Denmark, Sweden and Norway deal with foreign firms and workers within the construction and transport sector. Although the countries are faced with similar challenges, ther is considerable variation when it comes to measures and regulation that are pute in place. The report is published by TemaNord, Nordic Council of Ministers.

The playwright has unearthed the hidden story behind the 1993 Oslo Accords, which, for a time at least, seemed to put Israel and the PLO on track toward a lasting peace. The play is staged at the Lincoln Center Theater.

Should Norway follow the Danish example where companies finance the apprenticeship grants? This report addresses models for financing apprenticeship schemes. In Norway apprenticeship grants are financed by the public tax-system. Denmark, on the other hand, has a collective funding system where all companies contribute. Silje Andresen, Kaja Reegård and Jon Rogstad discuss advantages and disadvantages with the two models respectively.

The financial crisis, low-wage issues and labour mobility in Europe has brought the debate about the European minimum wage back on the agenda. This paper, written by Kristin Jesnes, looks closer at the statutory minimum wage in France. How is the minimum wage scheme set up, and how does it develop over time? These are some of the questions answered in this paper.

Whistleblowing in local governments can bring critical knowledge about misconduct and failed policy outcomes and priorities to the attention of politicians. This article examines whether (1) whistleblowing to politicians is considered acceptable, (2) politicians receive whistleblowing cases and how those who do so handle the case, and (3) contact patterns between politicians and administrative employees influence the whistleblowing activity and the action taken by the politicians to address wrongdoing.

Kaja Reegård has published an article in Young. The article addresses students who face great uncertainty in school-to-work transitions, and their strategies to create coherence and meaning. The article is based on longitudinal interviews over a three year period with students in vocational education directed towards office work.

Inger Marie Hagen has examined the role of climate change in Industrial Relation research. The level of attention and the number of contributions are hard to find. The current research on climate and climate change would, the author argues, benefit from further knowledge on working life models and social dialogue. And correspondingly, Industrial Relations researchers need to include climate change on their research agenda.

Based on nearly two decades of research in over 40 countries, a new report by Human Rights Watch illustrates how human rights violations, including school fees, widespread violence, abuse and harassment in schools, ongoing discrimination against children with disabilities, minorities and LGBT children, and unfavourable school policies against girls, keep many children and adolescents out of school.

The aim of the study is to get a better understanding of the benefits and potentials of school feeding programs in emergency contexts, and thus, adress knowledge gap between school feeding programs in development and emergency settings. The study will be conducted by Anne Hatløy, on behalf of the World Food Programme.

Do companies introduce the right measures? Health interventions (to prevent health problems and exhaustion) introduced by Norwegian companies do not affect sickness absence. However, health interventions do reduce disability risk. These are among the findings in a new working paper by Roy A. Nielsen and Tove Midtsundstad, which summarizes the findings from a project funded by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV/FARVE).

In this working paper Jon M. Hippe and Tove Midtsundstad investigate whether the new negotiated AFP pension scheme in private sector have had an impact on the changes companies have done to their occupational pension arrangements since the introduction of AFP in 2008. The main variances are found between companies with or without a collective agreement. The project was conducted together with Lillevold & Partners.

The main social partners in Norway will on this seminar, the 9th of June, tell about important cases from The Labourt Court. The Court was established in 1916, and celebrates it's 100 years.

The Directorate of Integration and Diversity (IMDi)will launch the new Fafo report about integration councelors, on the 9th of June.

Fafo, in collaboration with St.Olav's Hospital in Trondheim, has carried out a project on senior competence. If age and experience make older workers valuable in working life, we need to understand which ways this competence is valuable. The report is written by Anne Inga Hilsen

The integration counselors are stationed at four Norwegian embassies. The measure was announced in the Action Plan against forced marriage in 2008. The integration counselors are supposed to aid victims of family violence, in addition to spreading knowledge on the issue based on their experience in the field. Is this measure working? Substantial and important work is being done by the counselors. However, the mandate should be amended, and the measure should be made a part of the general measures against family violence, rather than being a part of the efforts aimed at integration of minorities. The report is commissioned by IMDi and written by Beret Bråten and Kristian Takvam Kindt.

This tabulation report presents the results from a survey conducted in Greater Rabat. The survey is part of an international research project “The Ideology and Sociology of Language Change in the Arab World” financed by the Norwegian Research Council.  The report is written by Fafo researchers Tewodros Aragie Kebede og Kristian Takvam Kindt. The general aim of the research project is to analyze Arab native speakers’ attitudes to and practices of written Arabic.

Dag Olberg provides an overview of daily and weekly rest regulations in a selection of EU countries. The main issue addressed is how these countries have implemented the exceptions from daily rest regulations in the EU Working Time Directive. The study is commissioned by the Norwegian Nurses Organisation.

Today, on May the 25th, Fafo will receive the prime minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hannelore Kraft.  She is visiting to get a presntation of Fafo's research on integration of immigrants. In particular the Norwegian system of kindergarten free of charge and other measures for young children.

In this report Ketil Bråthen and Leif E. Moland study the rehabilitation of the building Urbygningen at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. The report describes findings from the so called “collaboration phase” which aims to closely connect the design and construction phases. In addition experiences of using BIM-kiosks to allow site workers access 3D models on-site are discussed.

The Syrian crisis has challenged and depleted the traditional means of humanitarian assistance, which at the present being is overstretched. There is a need to move away from a focus on providing relief to the immediate needs of humans in distress and toward an approach that is more inclusive of refugees within host societies. Commentary by Mona Christophersen published at The Global Observatory.

The purpose of the project is to generate new knowledge on the current status and challenges in the tripartice cooperation within vocational education and training (VET) in Norway. The project will be conducted by Anna Hagen Tønder and Torgeir Nyen.

The relationship between the Russian Federation and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is tense - much as a result of the Court's ruling in the Yukos-case, the Russian intervention in Ukraine and the annexation of the Crimea in 2014. This seminar sheds light on the legal dimensions of this relationship and presents relevant findings from Fafo's NORRUSS-project - including the views Russian citizens have of the ECtHR, and how they think Russian politicians and jurists should relate to the rulings of this Court.

Wendelmoet Hamelink, guest researcher at Fafo, has written the book The Sung Home. Narrative, Morality, and the Kurdish Nation. The Sung Home tells the story of Kurdish singer-poets (dengbêjs) in Kurdistan in Turkey, who are specialized in the recital singing of historical songs. Their lyrics, life stories, and live performances offer fascinating insights into cultural practices, local politics and the contingencies of state borders.

Since 2013 temporary agency workers in Norway has been entitled equal wages- and working conditions as if they were employed by the hiring company directly. Has this led to equal treatment? The report is based on interviews with management and local trade union representatives, social partners and supervisory authorities. It is written by Kristin Alsos, Mona Bråten and Sissel C. Trygstad.

Fafo's Nerina Weiss is co-author on an article in Social Science & Medicine. It presents key findings from two research workshops which convened researchers and practitioners in the fields of health and humanitarian aid delivery and policy. The title is "Challenges in researching violence affecting health service delivery in complex security environments".

To advance the implementation of the Business and Human Rights agenda the Netherlands is organising a pan-European, multi-stakeholder conference. On 11 May 2016, decision makers, politicians, business leaders, NGOs, trade unions, and researchers will meet in Amsterdam. Mark Taylor will speak on the role of state regulation in encouraging and requiring companies to respect human rights.

Over the past 10-15 years child poverty has gained increasing public attention in the Nordic countries. The national measures implemented to prevent poverty are similar in many respects, but Norway is the only country that has developed integrated measures specifically aimed at poor families. Tone Fløtten from Fafo (pictured) and Anne Skevik Grødem from ISF have written a chapter on integrated measures in a new book published by Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues

This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the levels of AFs in raw peanuts sold in Lusaka district's markets as well as identify factors associated with increased AF presence. Anne Hatløy is one of the authors in an article published in Food Control, 68.


What promotes and what prevents diversity in the process of recruitment and carrier advancement within Rema 1000? Within the retail sector there are few formal requirements and it is possible to have a career development without higher education. Rema 1000 has diversity and inclusion as a goal. In this project Fafo researchers Beret Bråten and Ragnhild Steen Jensen will explore how that works in practice.

In this Nordic pilot project we will explore how changes associated with the “sharing economy”, or better coined “the intermediation economy”, can be expected to influence workers' rights and labor markets in the Nordic countries. Kristin Jesnes er forsker på prosjektet, mens Jon Erik Dølvik er prosjektleder. The prosject is commissioned by The Nordic Council of Ministers.

This project explores methodologies for producing a global estimate of the number of children used as combatants and in different support roles by armed forces and armed groups. The aim is to establish a baseline against which progress in the achievement of target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals can be measured. This target is to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers. Project leader is Anne Hatløy.

This paper presents an overview of the present system for recognition of foreign education, as well as a systematic overview of research on discriminatory barriers in the labour market. The paper is written by Henriette Lunde (pictured) and Jon Rogstad, and was commissioned by Department of Integration, Ministry of Justice and Public Security.

In recent years there has been a sharp decline in the number of applicants for vocational education and training in design, arts and crafts in upper secondary education. This report, written by Anna Hagen Tønder and Sol Skinnarland, focuses on factors that have an impact on the recruitment of students to arts and crafts. The analysis is based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative data. The report is commissioned by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

NRK's Urix on April 13th discussed the developement in the confict between the Kurds and the Turkish government. Fafo researcher Nerina Weiss is interviewed on the situation.

How will social and economic conditions affect the education situation in some focus countries for Norwegian development cooperation towards 2030? Norway is increasing its’ support to the education sector, but the contextual features of the countries selected are very different, leading to some different future scenarios concerning aid dependency. Anne Kielland discusses some issues of relevance to decision makers and program designers in the years to come. The report was written for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The aim of the project is to describe the situation for older workers in day care centers/kindergartens in Norway. We will map the number of 50+ who works in the sector, and describe how they experience their daily work. The project is financed by Centre for Senior Policy, and will be conducted by Tove Midtsundstad (pictured), Hanne Bogen and Åsmund Hermansen. The results will be published in October 2016.

There is little knowledge about sexual harassment in the workplace. How widespread is it, and how do employers deal with the issue? This project, led by Mona Bråten, is conducted on behalf of LO, Fagforbundet and Fellesforbundet. Employees working in health and social care and hotels and restaurants will be asked about their experiences in this area

As a guest at Norwegian Broadcasting's Urix, Research Director Mark Taylor, talks about the Panama papers as a source for information about how war is financed and how international law do not regulate financing of war and preparation for war. 

Vidar Bakkeli and Ragnhild Steen Jensen has written the chapter "Kompetanse, rekruttering og kommunestørrelse" (Competence, recruitment and municipal size ) in the book "Folkestyre eller elitestyre". It will be launched at Litteraturhuset on Monday April 11th. The researchers found that there are large variations both among large municipalities and among small. The book is edited by Alf-Inge Jansen and Bjarne Jensen.

Norwegian municipalities have chosen to organize their primary health care services (elderly and people with special needs) in a number of different ways. However, during the last years a clear tendency towards home based services have occurred. Does this change affect the quality and cost efficiency of the services?  The report, published by Fafo, is the result of a joint effort by Ivar Brevik from Brelanta and the following Fafo researchers: Anne Britt Djuve, Inger Marie Hagen, Åsmund Hermansen, Lise Lien and Leif E. Moland.

Over the past two decades, several measures have been developed to provide assistance to persons defined as victims of trafficking. In this article Anette Brunovskis describes and discusses the organization of barriers and access to assistance (such as housing, medical assistance and subsistence support) for this group in Norway, taking as its starting point the daily practice of social workers and using an institutional ethnographic approach.

This report by Anne Kielland provides a brief overview of the education sector and situation in Niger 2015. It aims to clarify options as well as challenges related to implementing education initiatives in one of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable economies. The report also presents an overview of important donors/partners in the Niger education sector.

Tone Sommerfelt describes marriage exchanges in rural Gambia, where the majority of unions take place between close relatives. She has written a chapter in a new book edited by Knut Christian Myhre, with the title "Cutting and Connecting. 'Afrinesian' Perspectives on Networks, Relationality, and Exchange"

Rapid ageing, changing family structures, urbanization and the inevitable slow-down in economic development makes pension reforms an urgent and daunting task for the Chinese government. The entire Chinese welfare state is at a crossroads transforming from highly fragmented social programs and arrangements to a more comprehensive welfare state. This Fafo paper, written by Kristin Dalen and Hedda Flatø, provides fresh data on how Chinese citizens view issues related to old-age security.

Expecting the world's largest senior citizen population approaching, China is in a hurry to establish a sustainable pension scheme. This Fafo-breakfast will look into the end of the one-child policy, future demographics and pension refor,m. Fafo has conducted a survey on ordinary Chinese's views on theese matters. Further content in Norwegian.

Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse has conducted this study for the Ministry of Education and Research. Fafo has been subcontractor in the project. In  the  analysis,  we
have  estimated  the socio-economic costs by  giving minor asylum seekers and refugees who come to Norway inadequate primary and secondary education
and  training.

Fafo researchers Jon Rogstad and Kaja Reegård are editors on this book on high school drop-outs. The research based perspectives ranges from the drop-out's problems to the possibilities to find more meaningful activities outside the school system. The book will be presented at Fafo on the 21th of April.

Gro Tarandrød, master student at Fafo, writing her master thesis on the introctionary program for refugees, have been granted a scolarship form KS - the Norwegian association of municipalities. The scolarship is awarded to students working on issues relevant for local and regional municipalities.

Senior researcher Hanne Kavli is interviewed on Norwegian radio about immigrant women's careers on the labour market. The project shows that several groups have problems securing permanent jobs.

Today, the Kurdish nationalist struggle is often portrayed as somehow synonymous with the armed struggle of the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK). In reality, the pro-Kurdish movement is far more diverse, and in this seminar we will investigate the implications of these developments. Key speaker: Selahattin Demirtas, co-leader of People's Democratic Party (HDP). The seminar venue is Litteraturhuset and it will be in Turkish and English, with simultaneous translation.


Senior researcher Tone Sommerfelt interviewed on Norwegian broadcasting's Urix on the increase in islamistic groups in Mali. Among important factors ate the aftermath of the civil war in Libya and missionaries from Saudi Arabia.

The Norwegian Trade Union Council has commisioned a summary of existing knowledge about solitary work: how widespread it, and what kind of HSE challenges that are associated with it. Fafo researcher Mona Bråten will be in charge of the project.

This is the second part of a project about the child care and youth workers. The project is commissioned by the Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees. The purpose is to explore how the vocational skills of the child care and youth worker are applied in the workplace and how this affects work organization, competence and quality in kindergartens, schools and after school programs. Project members are Mona Bråten and Anna Hagen Tønder (photo).

A new report on death tolls in Syria has nearly doubled the numbers of casualties. Simultaneously another report released by the Human Rights Council is focusing on how thousands of these casualties are not directly war-related, but instead a result of systematic killing of prisoners held in custody by different warring parties. Mona Christophersen asks how the perpetrators of such atrocities can be held accountable.

When it comes to choosing the right education and occupation, what kind of information do students need, and how are these needs met? Anna Hagen Tønder, Tove Mogstad Aspøy and Kaja Reegård have interviewed 68 students from the vocational education program Healthcare, Childhood and Youth Development. The students explain how they experience the transition from lower to upper secondary school, and the challenges of choosing a profession at an early age.

Kaja Reegård and Jon Rogstad are involved in a research consortium consisting of Statistics Norway (project management), The Danish School of Education and Utdanningsetaten i Oslo. The project is part of the Government’s initiative to reduce drop-out in upper secondary education, and includes mathematics further education for teachers and teaching in 8th grade and Vg1. The project is financed by the Ministry of Education and Research (2016-2019).

What kind of pressure will the welfare state be put under by the increase in refugees? How will the labour market deal with the increased numbers of workers? Will it be possible to train and educate them for participation in the work force? This is among the challenges discussed in a new paper by Fafo research director Anne Britt Djuve.

How to assess the quality in kindergartens? The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training plan to develop a tool for external assessment in kindergarten. This implies that peers from other municipalities assess the kindergarten’s practice in specific areas. External assessment is already being used in some regions and Fafo will explore the local experiences. The project will be conducted by Beret Bråten (pictured) and Henriette Lunde.

Will public sector empoyees get occupational pensions this year or the next? The Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs have issued a report to serve as a starting point for negotiations. Fafo researcher Jon M. Hippe explains the main points in this video, in Norwegian.

The Sustainable Market Actors for Responsible Trade project (SMART) is a cross-disciplinary, multi-national research project aiming to significantly advance the understanding of how non-development policies and regulations directed at private and public market actors contribute to, or undermine, development policies. Mark Taylor is involved in a study of the life-cycle of mobile phone and implications for regulatory theory. The project is led by the University of Oslo.

At the International Women's day we will have a discussion on whether it is possible to talk about a common struggle for women, across positions, education and ethnicity.

Kaja Reegård and Jon Rogstad have been granted funding from the Research Council of Norway (VAM). The topic of the network is drop out from upper secondary education in Norway. The network is comprised of researchers from IRIS, Agder Research, Telemark University College, University of Oslo, University of Tromsø, NTNU and NIFU.

The article, published in the journal Agora, deals with recognition and redistribution in a Norwegian context. With an intoductionary course for immigrants as a backdrop, Djuve discusses how policy for limitations in minorities cultural rights are adopted.

Now in its fifth year, the war in Syria is more complex than ever. What started as an uprising against a dictatorship has also developed into a sectarian battle; a fight between moderate and extremist Sunnis; between the regime and the Kurds; between regional interests as well as for geopolitical challenges. In this complex reality, the suggested ceasefire will face severe challenges, writes Mona Christophersen in The Global Observatory.

Moving trades
18. February

The primary objective is to provide an understanding of how intra-European labour migration affects skill formation and utilisation in Norway, in other countries with collective apprentice-based systems of vocational education and training (VET) and in the sending countries. The project will be headed by Jon Erik Dølvik (pictured). Partners are Christine Trampusch (University of Köln) and Christian Helms-Jørgensen (University of Roskilde).

Fafo will carry out a new, wide survey on freedom of speech and whistle-blowing in Norwegian working life. It is now almost six years since the last major survey about these topics were conducted. The question is whether the climate for whistle-blowing and freedom of speech at the workplaces have changed during the last years. T

This paper traces the trajectory of adjustment in Scandinavian countries since their deep crises in the early 1990s, giving special attention to the political and cross-class producer coalitions that have shaped Scandinavian approaches to growth and welfare.

The majority of Syrian refugees in Jordan live outside camps in host communities with considerable challenges related to employment, education and livelihoods. International funding is insufficient to cover the refugees’ most basic needs. After years of hardship many refugees are losing hope for the future and in increasing numbers they return to Syria. Will their next stop be Europe? Mona Christophersen has written the article "Jordan and the Syrian refugees" published in Zeitschrift Orient 1/2016.

Kathleen Jennings has today defended her doctoral thesis in Political Science, with the title Blue Helmet Havens: Gendered peacekeeping economies in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The 18th Nordic Migration Conference will take place at the University of Oslo in August 2016. The subject of the conference is migration and social inequality: global perspectives - new boundaries. The call for paper abstracts is open from February 1st until March 15th.

This report, written by Fafo researcher Tewodros Aragie Kebede, examined the NORHED programme portfolio and made a programme level performance assessment of 42 projects that started their project activities during 2013-2014 out of a total of 46 projects. It will be launched at at seminar in Norad at the 10th of February. NORHED aims at strengthening capacity in higher education and research in low and middle income countries.

In this report, the“Housing First in Norway"- model is reviewed. The model is designed to help the chronically homeless with substance use and/or mental health problems find permanent housing. There are as yet few concrete plans for continuation, including plans for financing the projects. The report is written by Mette I. Snertingdal and Vidar Bakkeli.

The aim of the project is to investigate how the municipalities work to combat labour market crime, and how their efforts can be strengthened. The core research questions will be what efforts the municipalities put in place, how they do it and which factors can explain variations in strategies, practices, experiences and results? Line Eldring (pictured) is heading the project.

This article investigates employees’ attitudes towards job protection legislation and attitudinal differences between employees with different levels of job security. National surveys from three Nordic countries, using different measures of insider–outsider positions in the labour market, do not support the assumption that outsiders (those with insecure jobs) prefer laxer job protection legislation. On the contrary, workers in secure jobs seem more likely to prefer laxer regulation.

The Chinese economic growth is at its lowest in 25 years, critics of Xi Jinpings regime are facing larger challenges, the environmental problems are obvious to all and China’s relationship to the US and neighboring countries in south- and east Asia continues to be challenging. What should we be watching closely to better understand the development in China the coming year? Speakers from Fafo are Jon Pedersen and Kristin Dalen.

Many fresh employees don’t know whether they are doing a good job until months after their first day on the job, according to a new report from Fafo. They lack clear descriptions of what is expected of them and call for closer follow-ups. The report is written by Erika Braanen Sterri and Jon Rogstad.

The Labour Court of Norway, a special court for resolving labour disputes, is celebrating 100 years in 2016. The same goes for the National Mediator Office. These two institutions have during the years contributed to keep the level of strikes and lockouts to a more acceptable level. Kristin Alsos, Åsmund Arup Seip and Kristine Nergaard from Fafo have been active in writing their histories.

Do Syrian refugees need education? The response from the vast majority of humanitarian and development experts would be a resounding “yes.” Not only is education considered fundamental to development and economic growth, it is also an internationally recognized human right. But what good is education if further pathways to societal and personal improvement are categorically blocked? Mona Christophersen writes about this in IPI Global Observatory.

The introduction of the right to daycare in 2009 prompted local authorities to establish large daycare units. A Fafo-report is stating that the size of the daycare unit does not determine the quality. But, at the same time, our research show that larger units are more dependent on internal organization and management than smaller units. Authors are Beret Bråten (pictured), Inger Marie Hovednak, Hedda Haakestad and Silje Sønsterudbråten.

Fafo has examined municipal employers' assessment of how a trade certificate in child care and youth work affects the quality of work aimed at children and youths. A new report written by Mona Bråten (pictured) and Anna Hagen Tønder shows that although employers are positive in their assessment of skilled workers, it may be difficult for graduates to get a permanent job in the municipalities.

The report addresses the situation for two significant trades within the vocational education and training system, i.e., the Office and administration trade and the ICT-service trade. This report is the second part of a study of vocational educations which hold a weak position in the labour market. It is part of a knowledge foundation for revision of the provision structure in the vocational education system. The project is conducted in cooperation with NIFU.

The reform of the public welfare system in Norway (NAV) is one of the largest fusion processes in Norwegian work life. How the welfare of the employees was handled during this restructuring process is the theme for this study. Fafo presents stories from union representatives in NAV. The report concludes with some advices for restructuring processes, and is financed by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and is written by Anne Inga Hilsen and Lise Lien.

This report is part of a national program initiated by the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, consisting of several thematic networks of municipalities from all over Norway. Fafo researchers have analysed experiences and results within the thematic networks on absenteeism, part-time/full-time work, competence development and branding. The report is written by  Leif E. Moland, Vidar Bakkeli, Anne Inga Hilsen og Lise Lien.

Fafo researcher Jon Horgen Friberg reviews the last ten years of research into the record-breaking levels of labour migration to Norway from Central- and Eastern Europe. He concludes that the relationship between increasing immigration and Norwegian society’s ability to regulate social inequality should be a key focus in future research.

Magne Bråthen and Jørgen Svalund (pictured) are discussing which datasources, statistics and indicators that are available for use for the continuous monitoring of the labour force participation of persons with disabilities, and the efforts made to integrate these groups into the labour force.

Fafo has examined municipal employers' assessment of how a trade certificate in child care and youth work affects the quality of work aimed at children and youths. A new report written by Mona Bråten (pictured) and Anna Hagen Tønder shows that although employers are positive in their assessment of skilled workers, it may be difficult for graduates to get a permanent job in the municipalities. The report will be launched at the breakfast seminar.

In recent years, the design, arts and crafts pogramme in upper secondary education has suffered from declining recruitment among Norwegian youth. Anna Hagen Tønder (pictured) and Silje Andersen will try to trace possible explanations for this in a new project commissioned by The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

The 100 years history of the Labour Court of Norway is now written by Fafo-researchers Kristin Alsos and Åsmund Arup Seip. The book will be launched at seminar arranged by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs at the 25th of January.

The emergency response towards the Syrian crisis has recognized the need to provide education for Syrian refugees due to the protracted nature of the crisis. Yet a gap in the response towards youth and older cohorts of students is identified. This report seeks to bridge this gap and suggest a way forward by recommending a holistic approach towards youth in emergencies. It draws on interviews with education stakeholders in Jordan and refugee youth and their families.

This item in Norwegian only

Causes and consequences of the Arab Spring have received considerable attention since winter 2010/11. The traditional trade-off between the foreign support channelled in the form of aid to ‘cooperative’ governments in the Middle East and benefits (stability) gained from such support has been challenged by the Arab Spring. This paper, written by Beáta Paragi,  aims to explore the interactions between foreign aid and legitimacy.

The Nordic model attracts attention in a mixture of applause and disbelief. Among its merits, but also a precondition to its future survival, is its capacity to modify and adapt to changing circumstances. This book scrutinizes Nordic – in particular Norwegian – working life and welfare states from the perspective of institutional change.

This is the second report from the innovation project SamBIM – Collaboration with BIM as a catalyst. The report describes findings from the design phase of the rehabilitation of the building Urbygningen at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU). The report is written by Ketil Bråthen (pictured) and Leif E. Moland

This seminar presented updatet data and statistics on working migrants in Norway. The seminar was in Norwegian.

The ability of individuals to work into older age may require some form of job movement. The aim of the project is to generate knowledge that can be used by employers, and provide stakeholders the information required to improve policy in this area.The project will be carried out in collaboration with researchers from the UK and Norwegian competence partners. Project members at Fafo is Tove Midtsundstad and Åsmund Hermansen. Project manager is Fafo researcher Anne Inga Hilsen, PhD.

Fafo and NIFU are evaluating the pilot scheme for dual training in the vocational education. The first report is now published. Compared to the traditional model with two years of school and two years of apprenticeship, the pilot model entails earlier and more frequent alternation between school-based and company-based training. This report investigates issues of local organisation, actors involved in planning and implementing, and the goals to be accomplished.

Svein Erik Stvae has together with Maha Kattaa written a new paper for ILO, Labour force and unemployment trends among Jordanians, Syrians and Egyptians in Jordan: 2010-2014. The study governonrates are Amman, Irbid, and Mafraq. The analyses are based entirely on data from the Employment and Unemployment Survey (EUS) provided by the Department of Statistics (DoS).

Fafo and NIFU will receive 20 millions NOK from the Research Council of Norway to carry out two projects:

  • Moving trades: Skill formation and the role of national vocational training in transnational European labour markets
  • Silver lining - a study of employability and learning trajectories of Late Career Learners

Guri Tyldum defended today her doctoral thesis with the title "The social meanings of migration". This thesis addresses the relationship between systems of social meaning and migration practices.

This one day conference is organized in honor of the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. Speakers are polticians, academics, researchers and representatives from labour organizations. Kristian Takvam Kindt (pictured) participates from Fafo.

The venue takes place at Håndverkeren, Rosenkrantzgate 7, 9-15:30.

Programme and registration

Akershus County Council wants to know more about the quality of the monitoring of apprentices. This project aims to examine if the Akershus' apprentices actual situation is up to standards with the “quality definition” which is issued by the county. The study will be performed by Silje Andresen (pictured) and Rolf K. Andersen.

Anne Inga Hilsen has together with Mary Brydon-Miller written a chapter in a new book published by Routledge, Contemporary Perspectives on Ecofeminism.Their chapter is called "Where Rivers Meet: Exploring the Confluence of Ecofeminism, Covenantal Ethics, and Action Research".

During the dramatic hostage situation in Bamako Mali, two of Fafo's researchers have commentet on the social background and religious sentiments of the Mali population. Fafo have conducted research on this issues.

Åsmund Hermansen and Tove Midtsundstad have published a new article in International Journal of Manpower. The purpose of the article "Retaining older workers - analysis of company surveys from 2005 and 2010" is to shed light on developments in Norwegian companies’ active-ageing policies, and hence offer insight into what characterises those Norwegian companies offering measures to retain their older workers.

At this seminar we will present statistics on the number of labour migrants to Norway, and also how they are affected by the rising unemployment.

There is still a huge deficit in the number of shop stewards with an immigrant background. There has been no development since 2007, according to new numbers from Fafo and the researchers Inger Marie Hagen (pictured) and Ragnhild Steen Jensen.

Fafo researcher Tove Midtsundstad (pictured) will be part of a project aiming to give relevant knowledge about the mobility among senior workers (+50) in Norway.

To fight terrorism European governments and security services have increasingly focused on the prevention of radicalization. We therefore critically look at the notion of radicalization. What is the meaning behind the term and does using the term lead to more radicalization? Presentations by Fafo-researchers Nerina Weiss and Mark Taylor

Active ageing is about recognizing and valuing senior resources in working life. If age and experience makes older workers valuable in working life, we need to understand in which ways this “senior competence” is valuable.

From 1 September 2012, all cleaning companies must be authorized by the Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority in order to operate legally. In this project we evaluate this measure by asking the Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority, the social partners, the employers and the customers. The project is headed by Sissel C. Trygstad.

How do the employment services in Norway approach young people in risk of falling out of education or work? Fafo has carried out a study of what the social workers see as their greatest challenges in working with young adults. The study surveys to what extent the youth guaranties function according to the aims. The report is written by Anne Hege Strand, Magne Bråthen (pictured) and Arne Backer Grønningsæter.

A Welcomed Separation
9. November

This article, published in Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 5 (3), explores the relationship between migration and empowerment. Among Ukrainian migrants, a significant share is women aged 40-70 who leave family behind in Ukraine to care for the elderly in Italy. The article, written by Fafo researcher Guri Tyldum, describes a generation women in Ukraine, and identifies as a key mechanism the religious and economic limitations on divorce.

The co-determination arrangement ensure that employees participate in the decision making process of the company. 40 years after the introduction the two parts of the reform have very different standing; we only find a very limited number of company assemblies while employee representation at the board is institutionalized as a part of the Norwegian labour market model.

Mona Bråten and Jørgen Svalund have written a paper on the tender launching of cleaning services in government agencies. What arguments are used in the decision to excrete or retain cleaning internally? Previous research on working conditions in the cleaning industry provides a backdrop for discussions of what will happen to the worker's situation when their jobs are put out to tender.

How do the municipality of Sandnes cope with whistleblowing about wrongdoing at the workplace? In this paper we present the results from a survey among the employees in the municipality.We have also interviewed representatives from the employer.

Student who are unable to obtain apprenticeships are entitled to training at school. The school based alternative has been inadequate. Five Norwegian countries have tried out improved alternative training, entailing both more work based and more time to complete. The try-outs are addressed in this evaluation report, written by Tove Mogstad Aspøy and Torgeir Nyen.

While the increasing significance of radical Salafist Islam in the North of Mali is well known, religious reorientation in the South has received much less public attention. In a series of reports, we focus on changes in views on politics, religion and social conditions among Muslims in Southern Mali. The studies are based on data collected in Mali in June 2014, both during in-depth interviews with religious and political leaders, and in a survey among 1210 adults in Southern Mali. The study was funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

It is often difficult to protect people who are in Norway without any papers identifying them and without any parents or guardians who are able to take care of them. The policies are drawn between the wish to control immigration and the obligation to take the best interest of the child into account. These challenges and possible solutions are addressed in this new report.

Minority counsellors were a few years ago introduced into schools with a high share of pupils from minority backgrounds. Today 26 Norwegian schools have this arrangement. Researchers at Fafo have in collaboration with Anja Bredal at ISF/NOVA explored user's experiences with the counsellors.

Jon Erik Dølvik, Line Eldring and Bård Jordfald (pictured) have contributed to a new report about the effects and consequenses of statutory extension of collective agreements. This has been an important mechanism to combat low-wage competition and social dumping in parts of the Norwegian labour market during the last decade.

In this report, Jon Rogstad and Erika Braanen Sterri examine newcomer socialization in the Norwegian labor market. How do newly hired employees adapt to their new role, in terms of meeting the demands of the job and fitting in to the organizational culture?

The UN has adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The goals are universal. The aim is to increase awareness and engagement on important issues. Arne Backer Grønningsæter and Svein Erik Stave are launching a discussion paper about how these goals challenge Norwegian authorities, both when it comes to implementation and monitoring.

In this report we offer the first systematic overview of the amount of time leaders in kindergartens use on administrative work, especially reporting and documenting to owners and authorities. We investigate the scope of such administrative demands, and of alternative management models in the sector. We also offer an analysis of why some leaders use all their time doing administrative work.

In this report, Sol Skinnarland evaluates the occupational health service provided in Bærum Municipality. Key questions are; how does this service function today? What do employees need in terms of an occupational health service? Is there a need to implement changes to the current scheme?

A new report from Fafo shows that three out of ten shop-stewards never have formal meetings with their employer. In general, the social partners at the workplaces have many tools that are never in use.

Read the commenatary in VG (in Norwegian)

There are good knowledge of the functioning of the Norwegian model at the central level, but we know less about how it works locally, in enterprises . For instance, how the collaboration between trade unions and the employer works, and what kind of influence TU reps have in the enterprises. The report is written by Sissel C. Trygstad , Kristin Alsos , Inger Marie Hagen and Ragnhild Steen Jensen.

Anne Inga Hilsen is employed as Associate professor half time at Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health Promotion. Hilsen teaches mostly at the master level, guiding students and R&D activities.

Fafos breakfast series: From Aleppo to Alvdal offer a global perspective on the refugee crisis. The first breakfast seminar will take place Tuesday, October 13 and focuses on the challenges and poential alternatives to current European asylum policy.

The paper of Jon Horgen Friberg and Hedda Haakestad examines how the balance of power between employers and employees has shifted as a consequence of the recent influx of large numbers of labour migrants from East and Central Europe. Kaja Reegård (pictured) shows how students in the vocational education orientate themselves towards the role of a sales assistant and retail work.

Read more: Søkelys på arbeidslivet nr 3/2015 (in Norwegian)

Fafo researchers Kristin Alsos, Kristine Nergaard and Line Eldring have contributed to the book Wage bargaining under the new European Economic Governance. The book was launched yesterday at the European Trade Union Confederation Congress: A fair society.

The aim of the evaluation project is to map out how inmates right to NAV-services are being provided in prison. Fafo will also look into the working relations between the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) and the Directorate of Norwegian Correctional Service (Kriminalomsorgen).

In this paper Fafo-researcher Geir Veland describes the pension arrangements for employees with wages above 12 times basic amount (1 080 861 NOK), in seventeen enterprises where the state has an owner’s share. Guidelines for wages and other allowances for employees in such enterprises were changed in February 2015.

Fafo-researchers Line Eldring and Kristin Alsos (pictured) have written the chapter "Statutory minimum wage regulation in Europe. A necessary evil?" in a new book about minimum wages. The book is titled "Global Wage Debates. Politics or Economics?", and edited by Gregory Randolph and Knut Panknin.

Fafo researcher Tove Midtsundstad presented today her doctoral thesis at the University of Oslo. The topic of the thesis is how to prevent early retirement in the Norwegian labour market.

A new report written by Mona Bråten and Rolf Andersen shows that safety representatives are not much involved when projects are planned and started. At the same time enterprises professionalize their HSE work. It is necessary to improve the traning so that the safety representatives are prepared to meet the current challenges of the industry.

Is the dialogue between the members and the union leadership functional? The question was raised by the leadership of the Union of Education Norway (Utdanningsforbundet), after 73 percent of the members voted «no» to the draft working time agreement in June 2014.  In this report we study the dialogue and internal communication in the union. The report is written by Kristin Jesnes, Kristine Nergaard, Johan Røed Steen and Sissel C. Trygstad.

Silje Andresen (picture), Jon Rogstad and Kaja Reegård will conduct an international review study of funding models of vocational education and training. The project is funded by LO. Placing emphasise on the Danish system, we ask, which lessons can be learnt?

This question is raised by Fafo researcher Line Eldring in an article in the Swedish journal Europarättslig tidskrift. Statutory minimum wage has gained new relevance with increasing shares of working poor in Europe, according to Eldring. This can protect vulnerable groups, but in the Nordic context legal extension of collective agreements is probably a better tool to combat low wage competition

To give people an oportunity to get to know the architecture of Oslo, Fafo will participate in the Oslo Open House during the weekend 11. - 13. September. Our garden is always open, and the inside of the house can be visited at saturday from 12-16. The Oslo Open House presents more than 150 locations in and around Oslo.

Fafo researchers Line Eldring and Kristin Alsos have written a chapter in a new book on minimum wages and collective bargaining. The main focus of their chapter is on the mechanisms and outcomes of the current minimum-wage-setting regimes in the Nordic countries. The book Minimum Wages, Collective Bargaining and Economic Development in Asia and Europe. A Labour Perspective is published by Palgrave Macmillan.

Two Fafo-researchers have contributed to a anthology about the Norwegian model.   The book is edited by Brita Bengum, Ulla Forseth and Elin Kvande, and published by Fagbokforlaget. Line Eldring has written a chapter on labour migration from the CEE-countries to Norway, while Jon Rogstad’s chapter analyses the multicultural challenges in the Norwegian working life.

A positive deviance approach identifies and mobilises successful strategies to foster social and behavioural change in the community. Fafo and NEXUS Institute, in collaboration with the Albanian anti-trafficking NGO Different and Equal, have piloted the methodology in the field of trafficking prevention in a town in Albania. The project publications discuss the potential for the methodology in the human trafficking field.

This item is only in Norwegian

The new Contractual Occupational Pension Scheme (AFP) in private sector will change the preconditions for many occupational pension plans. At the same period it has also been introduced new regulations and new maximum saving rates for occupational pensions. Therefore, it is important to understand the actual changes in the companies and the consequences for employees. These question is posed in a project commissioned by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Jon M. Hippe and Tove Midtsundstad will conducted the analysis in research project.

Fafo researchers Torgeir Nyen and Anna Hagen Tønder have together with Asgeir Skålholt (NIFU) written a chapter in the book Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty. Their chapter is about vocational education and school to work transitions in Norway. The book is published by Sense Publishers.

Faced with the fear of radicalisation, Malian authorities are attempting to regulate an increasingly complex religious field. Political initiatives include the establishment of the Ministry of Religious Affairs, collaboration with Morocco over the education of imams and renewed debate over the incorporation of Quranic schools in the public school system. This policy brief is written for Noref by Kristin Jesnes and Tone Sommerfelt (pictured).

In 2007, Latvijas Celtnieku Arodbiedrības – LCA (The Latvian Builders’ Trade Union)  and Fellesforbundet signed an agreement that commits the parties to comprehensive organizational and union-related cooperation. Such cooperation is frequently being called for in an increasingly globalized labour market. This report takes a closer look at how this cooperation was initiated, how it has been organized and the results that have been produced. The author is Line Eldring.

Fafo researchers Lise Lien og Hanne Bogen point out that there are potentials for reduced sick leave rates in municipal nursing homes. What it takes are managers who dare to take tough decisions and who are pre-occupied by quality, entirety and systematics in daily work-routines. The commentary is published in Kommunal Rapport (in Norwegian).

Are national legal cultures in Europe converging or diverging as a result of the pressures of European legal integration? Fafo researcher Åse Berit Grødeland has together with William L. Miller, University of Glasgow, written a new book published by Cambridge University Press. They have explored the attitudes and perceptions of the general public and law professionals in five European countries: England, Norway, Bulgaria, Poland and the Ukraine.

Norwegian working life has been characterized by high productivity and low income inequality. This is partly due to a well-developed education system and good learning conditions at work. These conditions are currently under pressure due to rapid changes in the labour market. Is Norway moving towards increased skills gaps and rising inequality? In this seminar researchers will present results from recently published studies. Politicians, researchers and the social partners are invited to comment and debate

16 percent of the Norwegian workforce are afraid of temporary lay offs or loosing their job. This was among the results from a new survey presented at the Fafo conference 21st of August. The first session of the conference was in English.

On Fafo TV, You will find recordings from the Fafo conference held at the 21st of August. The first session was held in English.

Inequality in China has reached levels way beyond what the United Nations describes as a threat to social stability. How does the Chinese population perceive these inequalities and the measures taken by the government to build a more “fair society”? You will find a recording from the Fafo breakfast here

The main purpose of the pilot project is to map existing research and to identify knowledge gaps when it comes to drug and alcohol abuse among CEE labour migrants in Norway, and possible consequenses for health and safety in their work places. The project is financed through the Norwegian Directorate of Health's fund for drug and alcohol abuse prevention in the working life, and will be conducted by Line Eldring and Rolf K. Andersen.

The Norwegian Programme for Capacity Development in Higher Education and Research for Development (NORHED) aims strengthening higher education and research in low and middle income countries. The main purpose of the assignment is to aggregate the results and achievements at project level in 2014, to the programme level. The assignment, conducted by Tewodros Aragie Kebede (pictured) and Svein Erik Stave, is to expected to provide an overview of NORHED activities in the initial year of the programme, key achievements, results and best practices so far.

In 2013 regulations that gave temporary agency workers the right to equal treatment of wages and working conditions, came into force. The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs have asked Fafo to examine whether these regulations are complied with. The project will be finalized by the end of 2015. Researchers engaged in this project include Mona Bråten (pictured) and Sissel C. Trygstad, while Kristin Alsos is leading the project.

As the Syria conflict rages into a fifth year, it bears little resemblance to its origins in peaceful protests for democratic change in 2011. The abject and protracted nature of the conflict requires a significant reassessment of international efforts seeking an end to the fighting, according to Fafo-researcher Mona Christopheren. She has published a new article at IPI Global Observatory.

Fafo-researcher Anne Hatløy is one of the authors of this article published in International Journal for Equity in Health. The magnitude of child malnutrition including severe child malnutrition is especially high in the rural areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo (the DRC). The aim of this qualitative study is to describe the social context of malnutrition in a rural part of the DRC and explore how some households succeed in ensuring that their children are well-nourished while others do not.

Myanmar and Norway have recently initiated long-term development cooperation. A study consisting of establishing and analysing baseline data within selected areas of this cooperation was commissioned by the Evaluation Department in Norad. It was implemented by Fafo-researchers Kristin Dalen, Svein Erik Stave and Amsale Temesgen.

The demand of digital skills is increasing across industries and jobs. Nonetheless, the level of digital competence differ among the employees. This study shows that most people are able to meet the digital demands if learning is promoted at the work place. The report is written by Tove Mogstad Aspøy and Rolf K. Andersen.

Religion occupies an increasingly significant part of Malian public space. The advances of militant Islamic groups and sporadic application of Sharia criminal punishment practices in northern Mali, have evoked fear among Malians, about whether the country is gradually turning into an “Islamic state”. But, concerns over Mali shifting towards an “Islamist state” are misplaced. The separation between the state and religious institutions is maintained.

This paper concerns non-profit actors in the health sector, with a focus on the situation for hospitals. We wish to examine what existing research can contribute with regard to understanding whether and how non-profit hospitals in Norway differ from public hospitals and private for-profit hospitals.

After 2008, more people live in urban than rural areas of the world. While the global number of poor is on the decline, an increasing number of people live in urban slums. Education strategies have generally given priority to underserved rural areas. Underneath lies a fear that investments in slums may trigger even more rural to urban migration. Fafo-researcher Anne Kielland has contributed to Education for ALL Global Monitoring Report 2015 from Unesco.

Several voices are now advocating for changing the rules of the Education Act, effectively removing the expiration date on the right to secondary education. If a lifelong right is the answer, what exactly was the question? Fafo researchers Erika Braanen Sterri (pictured), Kaja Reegård, Jon Rogstad and Silje Andersen ask this question in an article in Aftenposten.

The struggle for collective agreement based provisions on vocational education and training has been central in the recent history of EL & IT Forbundet – The Electricians and IT Workers Union. In this context the relations with the employer side have been characterized by conflicts, yet also by compromises and cooperation. This report, written by Dag Olberg, discusses which role the development center ELBUS played in these processes.

Fafo researcher Nerina Weiss has written about children whose asylum application has been rejected. These children narrate of an everyday life seemingly similar to that of Norwegian children. Their lives are, however, set on hold. The chapter is published in a new book by Gyldendal about irregular immigrants in Norway

This Fafo-report about Roma beggars in the Scandinavian capitals refute some of the harshest stereotypes about this group. They are definitely poor, they are not organised by traffickers, the money is sorely needed and spent on necessities, and criminal activities are not closely associated with begging. The report is funded by the Danish Rockwool Foundation.

Users of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) have a legal right to influence the services through user committees. Fafo researchers Anne Inga Hilsen and Sol Skinnarland has studied such committees. The aim has been to identify what constitutes good practice and suggest improvements to improve their effectiveness and thus ensure that the users, and user organisations, can have real impact on NAV services.

In this report Lise Lien and Hanne Bogen have examined why some nursing homes, over years, manage to keep their sick leave rates relatively low. Most importantly is mapping out and analyzing the different causes behind the sick leave before introducing adequate measures. The project was financed by Nav, FARVE.

The Norwegian Mining Museum marks the day. Fafo-researcher Anne Hatløy will speak about child labour in today's Western-Africa. The musum also has an exihibiton of pictures taken by the American photographer Larry Price.

The aim of this report is to understand how County Adminstrations in different part of the country handle young adults who lack formal rights to upper secondary education. There are three groups; drop outs, immigrants holding credentials not formally recognized in Norway, and people undertaking additional education.

This report is about care responsibility and work participation. It is part of a larger European study led by the former Health Minister of Ireland, Mary Harney. The author is Lise Lien.

Who are the migrants from Romania living on the streets? And how is their life? At this seminar, on the 17th of June, Fafo-researchers will present the new report "When poverty meets affluence. Migrants from Romania on the streets of the Scandinavian capitals". The research is founded by the Rockwool-foundation.

One of the key aims about work assessment allowance (AAP) is to shift more people into work and reduce the numbers of benefit dependents. However, this is easier said than done, something which is documented in a new Fafo-report authored by Anne Hege Strand and Roy A. Nielsen.

The purpose of the reform is to make it easier to work while receiving disability benefits. Fafo are going to measure the change in the recipients labour market participation. Magne Bråthen (pictured) and Roy Nielsen will also evaluate the information given from the labour and welfare administration (NAV) to the recipients. The project is financed through NAV's program for research (FARVE).

A young Syrian girl had to stop school already in 6th grade when the violence of the Syrian civil war reached her hometown Homs. Forced to flee with her family she was able to re-start school in Jordan about a year later. Unable to follow school in the new context she dropped out again before finishing her middle school exam. Fafo-researcher Mona Christophersen asks what options she has as a Syrian refugee to develop a decent future.

Users of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) have a legal right to influence the services through user committees. Evaluations have shown that such committees in many cases are either not established at all, or not functioning well. Fafo-researchers Anne Inga Hilsen and Sol Skinnarland have studied the committees to identify what constitutes good practice, and suggest improvements. This is the the theme for this seminar (in Norwegian).

Over the course of the last decade, the freedom of speech among Norwegian employees has strengthened. At the same time, empirical findings indicate
that a large proportion of employees feel that freedom of speech at the workplace is restricted, both formally and informally. Sissel C. Trygstad has wrote an article about this (in Norwegian) in Sosiologisk Tidsskrift nr 1-2, 2015.

In this new report published at International Peace Institute, Fafo-researcher Mona Christophersen assesses the state of education for Syrian refugees in Jordan. She finds that despite generous efforts by the Jordanian government, the UN, and nongovernmental organizations to provide quality education for Syrian refugees, there are many obstacles remaining.

Fafo's Anne Britt Djuve will head a new project about migrants from Romania to the Scandinavian capitals. The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council under the VAM-programme (Welfare, working life and integration).

NIFU and Fafo have reviewed research on four vocational programs. The project is commissioned by the Norwegian directorate for education and training. Questions of correspondance between the education provision and labour market demand are adressed. From Fafo has Kaja Reegård and Anna Hagen Tønder contributed.

Fafo will evaluate the routines for whistle-blowing in the municipality of Sandnes. During the project, there will be conducted a survey among the employees about their knowledge to the routines, and to what extent they blow the whistle about wrongdoing at the workplaces. Sissel C. Trygstad will lead the project.

The project GEQUAL addresses the challenge of how social partners can promote gender equality, especially by introducing this issue into collective agreements.  Social partners should have an important role and take their part of responsibility, especially for the implementation of gender equality in the field of labour relations. The project is headed by the University of Ljubljana.

The recording of the seminar is available on Fafo-tv. You will find the powerpoints from the speakers in the program.

This report explores the coordination of housing and integration policy between the Norwegian State Housing Bank (Husbanken), IMDi and the municipalities to settle refugees. The study is based on qualitative interviews, participation in municipal assemblies and document studies. The report is written by Vidar Bakkeli (pictured) and Ragnhild Steen Jensen.

This report presents the main findings of a household survey conducted in the Jordanian governorates of Amman, Irbid and Mafraq between February and March 2014, aimed at assessing the implications of the large influx of Syrian Refugees onto the labour market in the three geographical areas. The unemployment rate among Jordanians has increased from 14.5 per cent prior to the Syrian crisis in 2011 to 22.1 per cent at present. ILO's presentation

During the last 11 years, there has been a massive influx of labour from the Eastern Europan countries to Norway. A member-based project called "Fafo East Forum" has followed the development during this period, through seminars and gathering of webbased news about the immigration and the workers.

The next edition of "Søkelys på arbeidslivet" has several contributions from Fafo-researchers. The journal will be launched at the 19th of May. Hanne C. Kavli (pictured), will talk about absence due to illness among immigrant workers. Kristine Nergaard has contributed to an article about the fall in trade union membership. Åsmund Hermansen and Tove Midtsundstad have written about how web-based information about pension-rights in the private sector works.

The article examines the ways students in the school-based part of the vocational education and training (VET) in Sales begin to make sense of the world of work they are about to enter. Which aspects of retail work do they identify with? In a recently published article, Kaja Reegård investigates young people’s reasons for embarking on a vocational Sales education and their orientations towards retail work. The article is published in Journal of Education and Work.

In this new report about involuntary part-time work in the Norwegian labour market Leif Moland a.o. evaluates a programme to combat this phenomenon. The project was commissioned by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and the report was presented at a Fafo-seminar today.

How many of the workforce in Posten, Vestre Viken HF and Vinmonopolet work part time and how much of this can be considered as unwanted part time work? This report examines the use of part time work and what this entails for the operations and the employees. The report also discusses possible strategies for the companies to offer more full-time jobs and larger part-time contracts.

At this Fafo-breakfast, at the 7th of May, we will launch to reports about involuntary part-time work in the Norwegian labour market. Leif Moland has evaluated a programme to combat this phenomenon, on behalf of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. The seminar will be held in Norwegian only.

From the summer of 2014, the county municipalities have tried out various measures in order to help young people to complete upper secondary school. The measures take aim of both improving the chances of getting an apprenticeship and completing supplementary studies qualifying for higher education. In this part one report, Tove Mogstad Aspøy (pictured) and Torgeir Nyen present how the measures have been organised and carried out.

Bærum Municipality has requested an evaluation of its occupational health arrangement. In this project researcher Sol Skinnarland will provide a knowledge base on which decisions concerning the future organization of the services can be based.

What are the driving forces behind today’s labour migration flows to Norway? What are the consequences for Norwegian economy and working life? How have labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe been integrated into Norwegian society? These questions will be discussed when Fafo, the Frisch Center for economic research and Fafo Østforum invites to a conference on may 21. This is now fully booked, but will be streamed online at Fafo-TV.

New technology and improved analytical tools strengthen the understanding of development and our ability to measure progress. The data revolution opens up new opportunities for holding political leaders accountable for progress. This is the theme for a breakfast seminar organised by Fafo in collaboration with UNDP, on 7 May, from 08.30. The breakfast seminar will be held in Cafeteatret, Hollendergata 8 in Grønland, Oslo. The seminar and the discussion will be held in English.

Fafo has studied collaborative construction design sessions at Kruse Smith Contractor. This approach to construction planning and design is based on full-days multi-discipline co-location. In this report Sol Skinnarland describes the results and findings. The main question was: How to collaborate in the construction design phase to produce correct and on-time design delivery?

The introductory programme for immigrants has been evaluated a number of times since it was made law in 2004/2005. In this report we have summarized – and discussed – the knowledge available about the programme. The overview is organized into four parts that address the programme's implementation, results, user experience and ethics. In conclusion we comment on what we view as further knowledge needs within each of these areas. Authors: Anne Britt Djuve and Hanne C. Kavli.

Can a bilingual school for both deaf and hearing children be a tool to achieve the goal of inclusive education for all? This is one of the questions in a new working paper written by Hilde Haualand. She shows some of the more problematic sides of the current organization of the education in and about sign language.

Who work on zero hour contracts, how many are they and what kinds of employment contracts exist? A zero hour contract is an employment contract which neither stipulates any weekly working time nor when the work is to take place. The report was written by Kristine Nergaard (pictured), Kristin Alsos, Mona Bråten and Ragnhild Steen Jensen. The report is financed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Gudmund Hernes and Kristin Jesnes (pictured) will receive a delegation from the Romanian Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly. Fafo will put together an academic program enabling the Ministry to better understand the law on arbitration of labour disputes and how this might work in practice. The project is financed by the EEA and Norway Grants.

Which collective agreement shall be applied, and how are disputes between the parties on which agreement to choose handled? How are trade unions confederations solving organizational conflicts about the boundaries between member unions? Fafo-researcher Kristine Nergaard, together with attorney Christopher Hansteen, has written an article on these topics in Arbeidsrett (Vol 12 No January 2015).

What are the main challenges when the so-called IDOL-generation become workers? Will self-confidence trump competence? Fafo-researcher Jon Rogstad has written an essay in ISCO Group Communication, no. 1/2015 on the topic. He launches five trends that are crucial in order to understand the current relationship between employers and employees.

Participation rates for on the job training are high among Norwegian employees, compared to employees elsewhere in Europe. In this report we seek to investigate how learning conditions are affected by more flexible employment strategies. Are we facing a greater competence gap in the labour market? We analyze the questions by looking at learning conditions for employees on temporal and part-time contracts, and with different educational levels. The report is written by Hedda Haakestad and Erika Braanen Sterri. 

Monday april 13th Fafo hosts an international conferens on the project "The Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study" launced in 2015. Similar projects have been conducted in F Florida and California, and are now being applied in the UK, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Spain, allowing researchers to combine a longitudinal design with cross-country comparisons.

Today Unesco launched the Global Monitoring Report on the education situation in the world. Fafo's Anne Kielland has written one of this year's background papers for the report, addressing the topic of education in slums.

The publicatons from the Formula project are now available online. Formula - Free movement and labour law - was funded by The Research Council of Norway in the first phase of the research initiative 'Europe in Transition (EUROPA)', a ten year program (2007-2017) focusing on transition processes in Europe and how these progesses affect Norway. Professor Stein Evju, Department of Private Law, University of Oslo, was project manager in collaboration with Jonas Malmberg (University of Uppsala) and Jon Erik Dølvik, Fafo (pictured). Read more and dowload the books (in English). * Read more about Fafo's research on labour mobility

“Ringer i Vannet” ("Ripples in the water") is an initiative from the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO). The aim is to make businesses and employers more aware and able to recruit persons with reduced work capacity. Although the initiative has not been evaluated, it is marketed as a success. The report documents the methods used, the perceived experiences and the success criteria according to the participants. It also identifies factors that contribute to a better jobmatch between employer and job seeker.* Read more and download the report  (in Norwegian only).

Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shia Islamist organization, is in 2015 in a peculiar situation as both a state- and non-state actor. It is balancing non-state activities such as providing armed forces, social services, and private telecommunications to its Shia community with its role as a dominant part of the Lebanese government. Its armed forces are also heavily involved in the Syrian war, while Lebanon’s formal policy is dissociation with the same conflict. In a new article published at The Global Observatory, Fafo researcher Mona Christophersen poses the question: How are such incongruous responsibilities affecting Hezbollah as a political movement? * Read the article

How do you attain the staus of skilled worker? How long will it take? And is it correct to speak of a "crisis" in VET? These are just a few of the questions answered by Fafo researchers Anna Hagen Tønder  and Torgeir Nyen in this video interview done for (in Norwegian).

Dag Olberg has written the report together with Karen-Sofie Pettersen at WRI. Working time arrangements where employees live together with children and youth in residential child welfare units, are becoming more common. Employees, the management and youths are all satisfied with these arrangements, yet how they should be to regulated, is debated. The report is in Norwegian. * Read more and download the report

Fafo has together with NOVA evaluated the program "continuing education in methods in social work and housing". This final report discusses whether the education program offers  capacity and knowledge  that is relevant to meet local challenges. Arne Backer Grønningsæter has written the report (in Norwegian only). * Read more and download the report

April 10 marks the day of the 100 year anniversary for the ratification of what has been named the Castbergian Child Laws in Norway. The day will be celebrated with a conference organized by the Forut Campaign for Development and Solidarity, at the Gjøvik University College. The main topics will be child law, child rights and child labor. Anne Kielland has been among Fafo's leading researchers in this field for many years. She will give a talk on the different strategies in the fight against child labor. * Read more about the conference

The European Union welcomed the demonstrators’ demands wholeheartedly during the Arab Spring, trying to maximize the assistance that it could offer to support genuine democratic transition, at least at a rhetorical level. This article by Beáta Paragi reflects on the changes in the neighborhood policy by focusing on public perceptions measured in Europe and in countries in close proximity to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The article is published in Democracy and Security 11(1). * Abstract

Kristin Alsos takes over as Research director at Fafo from April 1st, with responsibility for Fafo’s research on labour relations and the labour market. Kristin Alsos is Cand. jur. from the University of Bergen, and she has been employed at Fafo since 2006. Prior to this, Kristin worked in Virke, the Enterprise Federation of Norway, as a lawyer and later as chief negotiator. Kristin has, amongst others, been studying collective bargaining, labour regulations, the temp agency industry, labour and service mobility, regulatory regimes and minimum wage setting mechanisms - in Norway, the Nordic countries and the EU.

The company assembly is a distinctively Norwegian company organ – above the board and below the general assembly. Can this arrangement also be a part of modern Corporate Governance? This is the topic of an article written by Fafo-researcher Inger Marie Hagen, published in Magma 2/2015 (in Norwegian only). The article is based on interviews conducted in 2013. The representatives of different shareholder groups believe that the assembly need to change not to be out of date. *  Read the article at Magma

In 2012 NHO (Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise) launched the project “Ringer I Vannet” (“Ripples in the water”) in order to motivate member companies to increase inclusion in the workplace. A new Fafo-report describes the method and what it takes for companies to recruit applicants with a relevant expertise. Lise Lien (pictured) and Magne Bråthen will present the survey. Programme (The seminar is in Norwegian).

There was a decline in the number of patient days in Norwegian hospitals for the oldest patients from 2010 to 2013. In a new article Fafo’s Åsmund Hermansen (pictured) and Anne Skevik Grødem (ISF) explains that this is primarily due to the Coordination Reform. Increased nursing skill is of less significance in this period, but can be important in the long term. The article is in Norwegian only (Sykepleien Forskning, 1/2015). 

Even though "everyone" emphasizes the whistleblower's importance, it can be risky to notify. It is particularly risky if the boss is responsible for the wrongdoing. This is the subject of a commentary (in Norwegian only) by Sissel C. Trygstad (pictured) and Anne Mette Ødegård at NRK Ytring, 14 March.

Working time arrangements where employees live together with children and youth in residential child welfare units, are becoming more common. Employees, the management and youths are all satisfied with these arrangements, yet how they should be to regulated, is debated. This is the subject of a new report by Fafo's Dag Olberg (pictured) and Karen-Sofie Pettersen (WRI). The report will be presented at the seminar (in Norwegian only)

Norwegian hospitals have gone through a major restructuring in recent years and the labor intensity seems to increase. A new report shows that managers, safety representatives and union officials  have different opinions of the cooperation during these processes. Sissel C. Trygstad and Rolf K. Andersen have written the report (in Norwegian only).

Sissel C. Trygstad is appointed new head of research at Fafo, with special responsibility for Fafo’s labour relations and labour market research. Trygstad has been a researcher at Fafo since 2004 and for the past seven years she has been research director. Trygstad holds a Dr. Polit. degree from NTNU, Department of Sociology and Political Science in Trondheim. Her main interests of research are workplace democracy, cooperation and participation, and whistleblowing. Her resent publications include  (together with Marit Skivenes) «Explaining whistle blowing processes in the Norwegian Labour Market – power and institutional factors» in Industrial Democracy in Europe, and  «Freedom of Speech in work life» .

The Working Time Committee (Arbeidstidsutvalget) was appointed by the Norwegian government in August 2014. Part of its mandate is to identify violations of working time regulations. Fafo is engaged by The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs to contribute to this mapping. Key questions are what regulations are violated, the share of companies breaching the regulations  and if there are variations between industries, geographical areas and companies of different sizes. Kristin Alsos is the project manager.

Trondheim municipality is divided into four urban districts, each of which is responsible for delivering municipal public services. To account for varying need and/or use of such services, certain criteria  attributable to differences in population characteristics are used to allocate funds to the urban districts. This report (in Norwegian only), written by Roy A. Nielsen and Magne Bråthen, provides an assessment of the criteria sets used for allocating funds to the child and family services and the social services.

The liberalisation of European aviation market has given rise to numerous trends in contemporary employment relations vis-à-vis pilots and cabin crew. The tough competition also raises questions about aviation safety. More than 6,000 pilots in Europe have been asked  about their terms of employment in a recently published study from the University in Ghent. Fafo-researcher Anne Mette Ødegård has contributed with back-ground material from Norway. * Download the report: Atypical employment in Aviation

Lower oil prices and investments on the shelf together with weak growth in the European markets lead to harder times for the Norwegian economy and labour market. What does this mean for our pay? Center for Wage Formation invites to a seminar about the interaction between wage formation and fiscal and monetary policy, March 10. Ragnar Nymoen (pictured) is the chairman.

What are the effects from Sunday-open shops on the labour market? Bård Jordfald (pictured) has written a new paper together with Magnus Mühlbradt. Sunday-open shops will have impacts on the 367,000 working people working in the trade, but also hairdressers, bakers and watchmen will be affected. (The paper is in Norwegian only)

Globalization, restructuring and competition are key words often used to describe the development of the Norwegian labour market since the 1990s. A central question is whether the financial crisis and labour immigration have weakened the collective institutions in Norway. The book, edited by Harald Dale-Olsen, has contributions from the Fafo-researchers Jon Erik Dølvik, Tove Midtsundstad and Kristine Nergaard. It is written in Norwegian and published by Gyldendal.

The labor movement has been a focus of power in the majority of western lands for a century. In Scandinavia, unions and social democratic parties put their stamp to a large extent on developments. Today’s welfare state can be seen as the result of the conquest by labor unions of important bases of power after the war. This is the subject of an article by Kristine Nergaard, published in Samtiden 1-2015.

The Norwegian government wants to change the law of holiday peace and quiet. But what are the effects from Sunday-open shops on the labour market? At this seminar Bård Jordfald presents a new paper about work capacity in Sunday-open shops.

Despite calls from host countries and the United Nations for better monitoring, existing knowledge on children’s participation in armed groups and armed forces in Syria remains scattered. This report by Tone Sommerfelt (pictured) and Mark B. Taylor considers child recruitment to the war in Syria from the refugee populations in Jordan based on interviews with international and Jordanian officials, as well as Jordanian citizens and Syrian refugees. The report highlights some of the dilemmas and political, economic and social sensitivities facing those seeking to help Syrian children refugees. The report echoes the call for more systematic monitoring as the basis for providing services that enhance protection, engagement and policing.

NordMod 2030 is a Nordic research project analysing developments of the past 25 years and identifying the challenges that the Nordic countries will face in the years through 2030. * The NordMod website

The labour inspectorates in the Nordic countries have different roles, strategies and tools in the fight against social dumping. In this project, we will elaborate on how the labour inspectorates deal with inspections and monitoring of foreign firms and posted workers. We propose studies in two high risk sectors: the construction industry and the transport sector. Line Eldring (picture) is the project-leader, and will carry it out together with Anne Mette Ødegård.

Anne Inga Hilsen and Tove Midtsundstad have contributed to the report "Understanding employment participation of older workers: Creating a knowledge base for future labour market challenges" (Hasselhorn & Apt, eds.). In their chapters they give a status of research in this field in Norway and a European status of senior policy instruments. *  Download the report * Read more about the project

Both employers and employees in the transportion branch are concerned about pressure on salaries and working conditions that result from access to foreign workers. Mobility diminishes the effects of measures, which work in other branches, when used within the transportation branch. This new report is written by the Fafo-researchers Ragnhild Steen Jensen, Mona Bråten and Bård Jordfald together with researchers at Institute of Transport Economics.

The extent of contract labor in the shipbuilding and petroleum industries is at times very large. This report discusses the health, environmental and safety conditions for the contract labourers in these industries. It may be unclear who has the HSE responsibility for contract workers. Moreover, there are indications that foreign contract workers are more prone to injury than others.

This is the question posed in a new project by Fafo and NIFU (Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education), commissioned by the Directorate of Education. The aim of the project is to improve the knowledge base in order to study the supply structure in secondary education. The Fafo researchers Anna Hagen Tønder (pictured), Kaja Reegård and Torgeir Nyen will work on the project. Håkon Høst is NIFU's project manager.

Health workers like their job.  That is not enough, however, to prompt more to remain in their jobs. Fafo researcher, Anne Inga Hilsen, has evaluated senior politics at three institutions in the  South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority (Helse Sør-Øst RF).  Even if employees are happy with their work, a demanding job, good pension schemes, and desire for more leisure time lead to early retirement.   One of the report’s conclusion is that there is little to indicate the existence of a systematic senior politics or use of personnel policies to limit early retirement the report concludes.

What is the importance of skilled workers for the quality of services? In this project Mona Bråten will look at employees in children and youth services, in day care centers, after school programs, schools and youth clubs. A survey in 2011 revealed that 50% of those in charge of children and adolescents believed that the quality of services would increase if they received a certificate for completed apprenticeship. A new survey of employers will examine recruitment practices and evaluation of the youth service profession to see if they have changed in recent years.

NordMod 2030 is a Nordic research project analysing developments of the past 25 years and identifying the challenges that the Nordic countries will face in the years through 2030. This final report summarizes the insights and findings of the project’s 17 subreports. It is intended to serve as a source of knowledge in debates over the renewal and further development of the Nordic model.

The Housing first-model helps homeless people with drug-related and mental disorders to establish own homes. This survey by Mette I. Snertingdal reveals local variations in how projects are being operated when it concerns financing, recruitment and monitoring. The report is based on interviews with managers of Housing first-projects for twelve Norwegian municipalities. (In Norwegian only)

Jordan’s refugees make up about half of its seven million people. A recent Fafo survey found living conditions among Palestinian refugees in Jordan had significantly improved in the past decade. Despite this progress the gap is widening between camp and non-camp Palestinian refugees and non-citizen Palestinian refugees are more often found among the destitute poor. Current refugees from Syria and Iraq are only offered temporary protection. Could a softer approach, granting them a set of limited rights, be beneficial for both Jordan and its many vulnerable refugees? Mona Christophersen writes about this topic in The Global Observatory.

Phased retirement involves reducing working time in the final years before retirement. The aim of phased retirement is to extend working careers and retain older workers who would otherwise opt for full early retirement. This article by Fafo researcher Åsmund Hermansen investigates the effect of offering phased retirement on early-retirement behaviour in Norway.

Sissel Trygstad has together with  Marit Skivenes (University of Bergen) written an article in Economic and Industrial Democracy, 1-25. The aim is to examine the explanatory forces of power resources and institutional factors on whistle blowing activity, its effectiveness and reactions. The authors analyse survey material of 6000 Norwegian employees across sectors and industries, and find that individual power resources have little impact, but the organizational power resources of positions, and institutional factors matter.

How are participation and involvement in the workplace affected when the organizational and ownership forms are changing? This report has examined the cooperation between the social partners in the grocery trade and in the transportation industry. Anne Inga Hilsen and Ragnhild Steen Jensen have written the report.

This new article investigates how learning and processes of becoming are shaped and enacted in retail apprenticeship in Norway. The analysis draws upon a qualitative study of managers and apprentices in different retail sub-sectors. Kaja Reegård has written the article and it is published in Vocations and Learning.

In a new project commisioned by the Union of Education Norway, Fafo will look at the conditions for participation in the organization in the years to come. The background is partly its members involvement in working time issues and the increased use of social media in the public debate. Kristin Jesnes (pictured), Kristine Nergaard, Johan Steen Røed and Sissel Trygstad are researchers on the project.

This report is an evaluation of The Norwegian State Housing Bank's regional social housing development programs started in 2009. The report shows that long-term and focused work, anchored at a high level, are important factors for success. The evaluation is carried out by the Fafo researchers Arne Backer Grønningsæter, Vidar Bakkeli and Anne Hege Strand, together with  Lars-Erik Becken and Synne Klingenberg at Proba Research. (In Norwegian only)

The Norwegian government wants to use a demand for apprentices against workplace crime, particularly in the construction industry, according to Fafo-researcher Anna Hagen Tønder has been the leader of a project that has investigated the use of apprenticeship clauses to strengthen vocational education. She welcomes the government's proposal as a good support for the businesses that go after professional expertise. * Interview with Tønder at (in Norwegian)

In recent decades, Norwegian municipalities increasingly buy welfare services from private providers.The first part of this new report, written by Arne Backer Grønningsæter, focuses on the purchase of child welfare services. The second part, written by Hanne Bogen, illustrates how the municipalities assure the quality when they buy welfare services. The report is in Norwegian.

Fear of reprisals from religious groups is nothing new. The question is not whether self-censorship in the media will increase as a result of the terror in Paris, but how much and with what cost. Fafo researcher Jon Rogstad has written a commentary about this in Aftenposten (in Norwegian only).

Young people don't need a diagnosis and welfare. They need work, according to Fafo researcher Anne Hege Strand, in an commentary at NRK Ytring. And further: The A in NAV (Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration) stands for work (arbeid). NAV and the politicians who administer this welfare system should not let this out of their mind. The commentary is in Norwegian only.

So far, only a few sectors are covered by generally binding collective agreements. Should all workers in Norway be ensured a minimum wage level - and if so how? This question has become increasingly relevant due to the substantial labour immigration. At this seminar held on 27 January we have invited the social partners to discuss challenges and possible solutions for the future.

Anne Inga Hilsen presented a new Fafo paper on absence due to illness in the governmental sector at a conference on labour market integration. Hilsen has written the paper together with Hanne Bogen and Lise Lien. Absence due to illness remains stable, even after many years with efforts to reduce it. Why is it so? And what can be done to reduce absenteeism? The paper points to possible answers and initiatives. * Download the paper (in Norwegian only)

At this seminar Fafo, NTNU and Safetec Nordic will present a new report on HSE for contract workers in shipbuilding and petroleum industries. The speakers are representatives from the industries, the social partners and The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority. The seminar takes place in Stavanger.

How does the municipal sector attract and recruit young people? This is the main question in a new project commisioned by KS. Leif Moland is project manager and he will carry out the project together with Vidar Bakkeli and Erika Braanen Sterri. The researchers will also try to find what characterizes the young labour force of today.

Faced with a rapidly aging labor force, increasing the labor supply of older workers has become an important goal for European countries. Offering additional leave to older workers with the option of withdrawing a contractual pension (contractual early retirement pension AFP) has become a widespread retention measure in Norwegian companies. The aim of this article by Fafo-researcher Åsmund Hermansen is to examine whether offering additional leave impacts the relative risk of withdrawal of a contractual pension. The article is published in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies.

The main goal of this project is to generate beyond state of the art knowledge on one of the central dimensions of intensified mobility family language policy in multilingual transcultural families, with a focus on language practices and language ideologies. The project is a cooperation between among others Fafo research director Jon Rogstad and the University of  Oslo. * Read more about the project

Since the turn of the year Tone Fløtten is the new director at Fafo. Tone has worked at Fafo since 1990 and during this period she has also been Deputy Director. 

In many communities of origin for female migrants there is widespread criticism in the media and popular discourse of mothers who leave behind children and enjoy the good life abroad, with claims that female migration happens at the cost of family and children. Due to the stigma produced by this discourse, female migrants who are also mothers often prefer to speak of their decision to migrate as an act of sacrifice. Showing the use of and the relationship between different narratives of female migration in Western Ukraine, Tyldum challenges some of the assumptions of the care drain perspective. The article is published in Sociology, December 2014. * Abstract