Knowledge about labour, education, welfare and migration nationally and internationally

The scientific journal Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research publishes articles about various welfare policy themes. The scientific journal is published by Universitetsforlaget AS (Scandinavian University Press) and the norwegian Fafo Research Foundation on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre. A new edition is out now and is edited by Fafos Terje Olsen.

A new article examines the relationship between union density and wage inequality within Norwegian establishments observed in the period 2000–2018. The main finding is that increases in the union density result in lower wage inequality within workplaces, both in the short and long term.

Youth unemployment and precarity have been expanding in the aftermath of the recent global recession. This article, co-written by Anne Hege Strand, offers an empirical examination of the uneven expansion of young people "Not in Employment, Education or Training" (NEETs) between regions of Italy, Spain, Greece and Cyprus. The authors highlighted region, as well as gender, class, education and economic growth as key factors behind NEET statistics.

Domestic labour is a fast-growing segment of the labor force in China and today may make up as many as 30 million people. A new survey amongst 2100 domestic workers in three Chinese cities (Beijing, Jinan, and Changsha) provides their socio-demographic and work profiles.

Employees’ democratic right to participate is a core element of Nordic labour market models exercised both through representative and indirect participation as well as individual and direct participation. This article analyses representative participation and whether the form it takes matters: Is local trade union representatives’ assessment of influence at company level dependent on whether meetings with management are formal or informal?

A new article by Guri Tyldum and Jon Horgen Friberg in International Migration describes how poor visitors from Romania gain access to information, loans and transport services, begging spots and safe places to sleep, as well as emotional and social support when they are in Oslo to beg.

A new scientific paper co-authored by Maria Gussgard Volckmar-Eeg examine sociologists' views on the relations between theory and empirical data. More specifically, the article discuss the research tradition "institutional ethnography" and how it can be used as part of the sociological tool-box. The authors argue for an abductive approach, meaning that the relationship between theory and empirical data would gain from being more characterized by creative dialogue than more analytically closed sizes.

In this article, Erika Braanen Sterri explores attitudes about the acceptability of homosexuality among immigrant-origin adolescents in Norway. Despite substantial differences between native- and immigrant origin youth and between different groups according to regional origin and religious affiliation, there are clear indications of higher tolerance towards homosexuality across all groups. Immigrant-origin youth in Norway consider themselves more tolerant than their parents and are more tolerant compared to adolescents residing in their countries of origin. Family length of residence also correlates positively with the level of acceptance of homosexuality.