The Nordic model has gained much attention, both politically and scientific, in recent years. In the 1980s and 1990s the model was considered as not being viable, the model is now viewed as a role model for other societies, and there is strong international interest in knowledge that explains the model's growth and success.
Although there obviously are clear differences between the Nordic countries, they share some characteristics that distinguish them from other countries. The Nordic model is characterized by the interplay between:
Central to understanding the model's functioning is the balance of power between social partners and between the political parties. This balance of power has made it possible to coordinate various policy areas, and to reach compromises.
The model has proven viable through crises, and it has managed to combine efficiency and equality. People in the Nordic countries enjoy good living conditions in a comparative perspective, and the Nordic countries are ranked on top in international comparisons of indicators as employment, gender equality, income inequality, unionization and adaptability.
Since the 1980s Fafo has carried out a number comparative studies of the development of national labor and welfare regimes in Scandinavia and Europe.
In 2014, the project was NordMod 2030 finalized. This project was led by Fafo and included researchers from all the Nordic countries. The purpose of the project was to illustrate how national and international developments have affected the Nordic countries and to highlight challenges the Nordic model are facing in the coming years. Read more about this project on www.nordmod2030.no.
Jon Erik Dølvik and Johannes OldervollNorway: Averting Crisis through Coordination and Keynesian Welfare Policies , 2019
Inger Marie Hagen & Ragnhild Steen JensenTrade union representatives from ethnic minorities. Representation revisited , 2018
Grete Brochmann and Jon Erik DølvikThe Welfare State and International Migration: The European Challenge , 2018
Engelstad, Fredrik / Larsen, Håkon / Rogstad, Jon / Steen-Johnsen, KariIntroduction: The Public Sphere in Change. Institutional Perspectives on Neo-corporatist Society , 2017
Hansen, Nana Wesley and Åsmund Arup SeipGovernment employers in Sweden, Denmark and Norway European Journal of Industrial Relations , 2017
Jon Erik Dølvik and Andrew MartinFrom Crisis to Crisis
Jon Erik Dølvik, J. G. Andersen and J. VartiainenThe Nordic Social Models
Tone Fløtten, Arne Grønningsæter, Jon M. Hippe og Jon ChristensenDen reformerte velferdsstaten – en ny samfunnskontrakt , 2007
Mona Bråten, Jon Erik Dølvik, Frode Longva og Arild H. SteenNorwegian Labour Market Institutions and Regulations , 1997 I: Jon Erik Dølvik og Arild H. Steen Making Solidarity Work? The Norwegian Labour Market Model in Transition
Marianne Jenum Hotvedt, Natalie Videbæk Munkholm, Dagný Aradóttir Pind, Annamaria Westregård, Marjo Ylhäinen and Kristin AlsosThe future of Nordic labour law
Jon Erik Dølvik and Johan Røed SteenThe Nordic future of work
Jon Erik Dølvik and Andrew Martin (eds.)European Social Models From Crisis to Crisis:
ngelstad, Fredrik / Larsen, Håkon / Rogstad, Jon / Steen-Johnsen, KariInstitutional Change in the Public Sphere
Lars Magnusson, Henning Jorgensen and Jon Erik DølvikThe Nordic approach to growth and welfare , 2009
Jon Erik Dølvik, Tone Fløtten, Gudmund Hernes og Jon M. HippeHamskifte. Den norske modellen i endring , 2007
Kåre Hagen og Jon M. HippeThe Norwegian Welfare state: From Post War Consensus to Future Conflicts? , 1993