Global health

Fafo’s health-related research focuses on social dimensions of ill-health including inequity, vulnerability, coping strategies and adaptation. Our aim is to promote high quality research and evaluations to improve health and achieve equity in health. We have a particular focus on marginalized populations which includes populations in conflict and fragile settings.

As key drivers of socioeconomic development, strategies for promoting, protecting and supporting optimal health have gained increasing global attention in the past decade. Health is an integral part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the UN, and achieving equity in health requires both a state responsibility and global collective action. Socio-economic inequalities translate into inequalities in access to food, health services, and other public services. This leads to socioeconomic differences in various health outcomes, such as disease, undernutrition and pr emature death. In fragile situations, health may deteriorate both because of direct casualties from conflict or disaster and indirectly due to breakdown of service provision.

Fafo’s areas of public health research expertise include: mortality estimations; women and child health, and nutrition especially food insecurity and infant feeding practices. Health modules are integral parts of Fafo’s living conditions surveys as well as research related to conflict, disaster and environmental adaptation. A key aspect of our work in these areas is to develop indicators and measurement methods for correctly assessing changes in health and nutrition.

Global health



Research Professor
Research director
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave og Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafo-notat 2020:15
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave og Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafopaper 2020:16
Ellen Cecilie Andresen and Anne Hatløy
Faforeport 2020:11
Ellen Cecilie Andresen og Anne Hatløy
Fafo-rapport 2019:24
Faktaflak - Konsekvenser av Covid-19
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave and Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafo Paper 2019:29
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave og Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafo-notat 2019:25
Anne Hatløy og Ketil Bråthen
Fafo-notat 2019:11
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave and Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafo-paper 2019:12
Anne Hatløy, Ketil Bråthen, Svein Erik Stave og Anne Inga Hilsen
Fafo-notat 2019:09
Åge A. Tiltnes, Huafeng Zhang and Jon Pedersen
The living conditions of Syrian refugees in Jordan
Results from the 2017-2018 survey of Syrian refugees inside and outside camps
Fafo-report 2019:04
Fafo-report 2017:24
Anne Hatløy and Tone Sommerfelt
Fafo-report 2018:06
Hanne Bogen og Hedda Flatø
Offentlig og privat tjenesteproduksjon
Om sykehus drevet av ideelle organisasjoner
Fafo-notat 2015:06
Åge A. Tiltnes and Huafeng Zhang
Progress, challenges, diversity
Insights into the socio-economic conditions of Palestinian refugees in Jordan
Fafo-report 2013:42
Jon Pedersen
Health and Conflict
A review of the links
Fafo-report 2009:20

Bruno Masquelier, Lucia Hug, David Sharrow, Danzhen You, Daniel Hogan, Kenneth Hill, Jing Liu, Jon Pedersen and Leontine Alkema

Global, regional, and national mortality trends in older children and young adolescents (5–14 years) from 1990 to 2016: an analysis of empirical data

The Lancet

Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Navnit Kaur Grewal, Ida Sophie Kaasa, Anne Hatløy, Ingrid Barikmo and Sigrun Henjum

Dietary diversity is related to socioeconomic status among adult Saharawi refugees living in Algeria

Bumbangi NF, Muma JB, Choongo K, Mukanga M, Velu MR , Veldman F, Hatløy A , Mapatano MA

Occurrence and factors associated with aflatoxin contamination of raw peanuts from Lusaka district's markets, Zambia

Food Control

Hedda Flatø and Huafeng Zhang

Inequity in level of healthcare utilization before and after universal health coverage reforms in China
Evidence from household surveys in Sichuan Province

International Journal for Equity in Health

Kismul H, Hatløy, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015).

The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo

International Journal for Equity in Health

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone

Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH

Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A

Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A

Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A

Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali

Sampaio FS, von der Fehr FR, Arneberg P, Gigante DP, Hatløy A

A Risk factors for dental fluorosis in 6-11 year-old children living in rural areas of Paraiba – Brazil.

Caries Research

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A

Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A

Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali

International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition