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Markus Roos Breines


Markus Roos Breines is a researcher at Fafo with migration, integration, and skills as his main areas of focus. Breines is currently working on several projects related to vocational education in Norway.

He has worked on a variety of social science topics in the past. Breines has previously led and participated in research projects in the United Kingdom and several African countries, and he has extensive experience in using innovative qualitative methods. His research has included topics such as distance education in South Africa, the use of chatbots in education in Scotland, and new medical technology to reduce child mortality in Ethiopia.

Breines has published numerous articles in international journals and authored a book on migration and class relations in Ethiopia. He is an associate editor for the journal Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers and is a board member of the Norwegian Forum for Global Health Research.

Area of work

Education, digital education, mobility/immobility, social class, inequalities.

Current projects

Enabling Environments for NCD Risk Reduction in Ethiopia (ENABLE)
Fafo participates in an "Ethical Advisory Board" for the Horizon Europe-funded project ENABLE.
Online Higher Vocational Education: Opportunities and Limitations
This project explores the opportunities and challenges of online Higher Vocational Education, with a focus on technical subjects as well as health and welfare studies.
Evaluation of the Stine Sofie Centre

On behalf of the Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir), Fafo will conduct an evaluation of the government grant to the Stine Sofie Center.


School4Work is a project involving partners OsloMet Department of Vocational Teacher Education, Fafo, Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung (BIBB) and the regional education authorities in Oslo kommune and Viken fylkeskommune. The project is about vocational students' transition from school to apprenticeship. It aims to generate knowledge about the conditions that affect the transition, particularly emphasising what vocational teachers can do to facilitate it. Fafo participates in two work packages, one on what vocational teachers do to prepare students for apprenticeships and one on employers' decisions to offer apprenticeships, and leads the latter.


The Skills2Capabilities project is about understanding how skill systems across Europe can reduce the level of skills mismatch in the labour markets. The study addresses this from both a demand side and a supply side perspective to identify how skill systems can better respond to meeting skill demands in a more fluid labour market environment. The project is a collaboration between research institutions in eight European countries. Fafo leads a work package where we will compare countries in how selected VET qualifications adjust to technological change, and how work content/organization interact with changes in VET qualifications.

designing equitable and effective strategies to combat violence hate and discrimination
The aim of this research project is to further develop the knowledge of society's efforts against violence, violations and discrimination. Researchers from Fafo, Nordland Research Institute and NOVA/OsloMet collaborate on the accomplichment. The project will be carried out from 2022 to 2025 on behalf of The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir).

Completed projects