The major objective of the 2010 Eritrea Population and Health Survey was to collect and analyze data on fertility, mortality, family planning, and health.
The survey includes dried blood samples (DBS) collection for HIV testing and information on maternal morbidity and mortality.
The findings of the EPHS2010 provide up-to-date and reliable information on a number of key topics of interest to planners, policymakers, program managers, and researchers that will guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of population and health programs in Eritrea. In addition to the estimates at the national level, estimates for key indicators relating to fertility, mortality, and health are provided for all six zobas and for urban and rural areas.
The EPHS2010 results present evidence of a decline in early childhood mortality as well as a substantial increase in the level of child immunization coverage since 1995. Prevalence of HIV is low, below one percent, and knowledge of HIV/AIDS remains high in Eritrea. The survey findings also indicate a substantial decline in maternal deaths compared to 1995. There is, however, still a wide gap between knowledge and use of family planning.
Eritrea Population and Health Survey 2010. National Statistics Office, Asmara, Eritrea and Fafo.